If you come to visit Sarajevo the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina in only one day, here are some advises what places you should visit here:
- The best is to start your one day tour on foot from the downtown which includes main streets, old part of town called Baščašija with Baščaršija square and to finish your tour at one of shopping centers at Austro-Hungarian’s part of Sarajevo called Marijan Dvor. Sarajevo is not large town and you can get whenever you want on foot. If you do not lik walking, there are plenty of taxi cabs and taxi rates are among the most inexpensive in Europe.
- You could start your tour from the heart of old Sarajevo- Baščašija square. It is founded in 1462 and until the 16th century Baščaršija has reached its height. Nowadays only portion of the once great bazaar remains, but you can walk along it’s cobblestone streets which will give you a glimpses of Ottoman presence.
- Next stop could be a visit to Gazi Husrev Bey’s Mosque which is the most important Islamic house of worship in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Gazi Husrev-Bey’s Mosques was established and constructed in 1531 and it was given to the city by Gazi-Husrev Bey, the Ottoman ruler in Bosnia. This mosque is only one part of the whole Gazi Husrev Bey’s bequest to the city.
- From the Latin Bridge, Gavrilo Princip shot and killed the Austro-Hungarian heir to the throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie, which triggered the start of World War I. The Latin Bridge was constructed in the 16th century and became famous after the infamous Sarajevo’s Assassination.
- The Cathedral of Jesus’ Sacred Heart was constructed in 1889 in the Neo-Gothic style and it is the seat of the Archbishop of Vrhbosna. In the Cathedral is also laid the tomb of Josip Štadler, Archbishop of Vrhbosna from the 20th century.
- The largest Orthodox worship in Sarajevo is The Congregational Church of the Holy Mother and it’s built in 1868 by Macedonian architect Andrija Damjanov. Elaborate ornamentation features the interior of the church.
- The Ashkenazi Synagogue was designed by Karlo Paržik in 1902 and it’s a first object constructed in popular Pseudo-Moorish style. This is the only operational synagogue in Sarajevo and the third by size in Europe.
- The Alifakovac Cemetery was a final resting place for respected citizens of Sarajevo and those who passed away while visiting Sarajevo . It is known by its Ottoman turbes (tombs with four pillars) and the view toward the old town from this cemetery is splendid.
- Franciscan Church of St. Anthony of Padua and its Monastery along with 43 meters high tower was constructed in the Neo-Gothic style in 1914 by Josip Vancaš.
- The Emperor’s Mosque was built in 1457 by the founder of Sarajevo Isha Beg Ishakovic in honor of Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror. Initialy the mosque was built in wooden structure but since its burned down, the new renovated mosque was re-built in 1566 upon the order of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent and at the behest of the citizens of Sarajevo.
- Svrzina Kuća or the Svrzo’s House was constructed in 18th century and it is preserved example of Bosnia’s unique traditional architecture. The Svrzo’s House is still represent the most authentic examples of urban dwelling during the Ottoman period of rule.
- The City Hall of Sarajevo called Vijećnica was built in 1896 in the Pseudo-Moorish style. Initially Vijećnica was built to serve as a seat of city’s administrators. After the World War II Vijećnica was turned into the National Library. In 1992 Vijećnica was set aflame and it is finally re-opened and renovated on May 9, 2014.
- The Old Jewish Cemetery is the oldest in this part of Europe. It has been in continuous use for over 400 years and the new cemetery was built in Bare 1966.
- The Old Orthodox Church was constructed in the 16th century and its unique for its atypical architecture. For centuries this church has been safe-guarding holy icons and religious relics.
- The Old Temple (II Kal Grande) was constructed in 1581 after the arrival of Sephardic Jews who had been expelled from Spain and settled down in Sarajevo. In that time, the ruler of the Ottoman Empire’s European territory gave orders and financed the whole construction of the Old Temple to accommodate The Jews from Spain. Today The Old Temple houses the Jewish Museum.
- Famous Tunnel of Hope was built under the runway of the Sarajevo’s Airport in 1993 and was the city’s only connection with the outside world during the four year siege of Sarajevo. A portion of it remains open today.