Agava (a cactus that dies after flowering), an eternal lemon and a century-old olive tree

  1. Agave – (lat. Agave Americana, Greek Agavos-sublime, famous) agave awaits for several decades to flourish, and after that happens, agave dies. Before blossoming, agave stems can grow up to 7 meters. Before the plant dies, let a lot of seeds from which new agave are born. Agave is a centuries-old raw material from which we get tequila. It lives on our climate for 25 to 40 years maximum, although in some parts of the world it lives for up to 80 years. Agave lives the longest if it’s in a dry climate and at high temperatures. It is a terrestrial and herbaceous plant, which keeps water supplies in its thick leaves, and thus survives in deserts or dry areas. This cactus is a desert plant, where temperature differences vary. It tolerates a temperature of up to 3 ° C if it is in a dry area. For the agave, planting in the vases of the desired shape is recommended, because it keeps the dwarf shape for so long. The home of this plant is Mexico, from where in 1561 it arrived in Europe. Agave is called the centennial plant because it flies once in a decade or once every 100 years. Then a high tree grows from the middle of the plant and gives a larger number of small flowers. The leaves of the agave are long and pointed at the top with spines on the edges of the leaves. Agave also works on balconies, where leaves can grow up to 1 meter in length. The rope was once made of agave leaves. The fetus of the agave is a long hoe (choke). Seagull agave is numerous, flat and black. Agave flowers from June to July. After bringing the fruit, the agave dies, but a new plant is created from its young shoots from the root of the tree. Agave is mentioned in Greek mythology as Mythical Queen Thebes, and in Euripides’ Backus. Agave is also mentioned in the legends of Latin American civilizations, and testifies of the arrival of the dive. It is used in folk medicine for making different drugs and tinctures. Agave is attributed various healing properties. Agave are edible flowers, fleshy leaves, stems and juice. The Mexican national drink was made from agave flowers and juice.

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          The most common is 40% of drinks with 100% agave content. Agave likes the sun               and helps with pain relief. In addition to the industrial value, the beauty of this                   plant and its numerous subspecies is located in many homes as ornamental plants.

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In addition to the species with pure green leaves, there are those with creamy or yellow strips or edges. Agave are durable plants with minimum maintenance. She loves the abundant sun and garden land mixed with plenty of sand and peat. It must be taken in a light space, not cooler than 5 ° C. During the period of active plant growth, it should be regularly watered so that the compost is moist. During the winter, it is only so much that the compost is not completely drained. If necessary, change it in the spring. It is distributed through small plants that grow with the mother plant or from the seeds. The American agave is a novelty in Europe’s national medicine. The most commonly recommended is fresh juice and leaf powder. Fresh juice mixed with honey (sage) treats cough (hoarseness), and the stamped sheet of agave is used to treat burns and wounds because it reduces pain. The powder of agave melted in water and mixed with honey is now most used to treat stomach and liver diseases, jaundice and to regulate menstruation. Agave has strong thorns at the end of the leaves, and also on the sides, so it should be especially careful where children play. Perhaps it is better to give up agave cultivation while children are growing up.

  1. Lemon – one of the most useful foods on our planet.

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Lemon protects against so many diseases, we can rightly call it superhero. Lemon is full of nutrients – it contains biophlavonoids, pectin, folic acid, vitamins C, A, B1, B6, potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, manganese. work of the liver, gut, stomach, immune, nervous and cardiovascular system.

If you regularly consume lemons, you can prevent illnesses such as laryngitis, bronchitis, influenza, colds, arthritis, high blood pressure, bacterial infections, kidney and gallstones, and according to the latest research cancer! There are many ways to put this food in your everyday menu. The simplest way is to drink 1-2 glasses of lukewarm water every day.

  1. Olive is an evergreen plant that can reach a height of 3 – 13 m. The world’s largest olive producer is Spain, followed by Italy. One olive tree can give 15-40 kg olives, which corresponds to 3 – 8 kg of oil. Olives are not only used to produce olive oil from its fruits but there are many varieties that are intended for consumption. Only healthy and fleshy are used for preservation.

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