The formation of pearls is considered to be a natural phenomenon. The natural pearl is the product of the shell. The pearl is created when the grain of sand or a little unwanted body reach the sherd of the shell (due to the flow of water), which is a component of the “madre perlacea”. Science has rejected this assumption. The structure of pearls is a series of concentric rings. Artificial pearls are created when a foreign body is manually placed in a shell. True natural pearls have always been given medicinal properties. The most important characteristic of natural pearls is the laster, which pearl separates from precious stones. Laster gives glitter to a pearl. Perfumes, sweat, cosmetics and dust have a detrimental effect on the color and quality of the pearls. After each wear, the pearls should be wiped with a soft cloth.
Pearls are the happiest gem in all legends. They give love and happiness to their owners. In ancient Greece it was thought that the pearl was created from the drop of dew that entered the shell. Pearl marked perfect purity and was a symbol of love and marriage. The pearls were worn like talismans. The pearl meant luxury and enjoyment in ancient Rome. Warriors put pearls on shields to protect themselves from an accident. Pearls are known as love jewelry. Alexander the Great got his pearls as a gift from his wife Roxanne. The legend says that pearls with a green color are a symbol of happiness. In the pharaohs’ tombs in ancient Egypt, pearls were found. The legend says that Cleopatra seduced Mark Antony because she dissolved two pearls. In China, pearls symbolize wealth, wisdom and dignity; in Japan, happiness in India is a wealth of children, and pearl is symbolizes tears in many parts of the world. The pearl symbolizes virginity in Islamic countries.
There are farms for growing pearl shells in Japan and Australia. Here they make so called cultivated pearls. Farmers manually insert foreign bodies or grains of sand into shells to encourage ejection of the motherfucking. This process is time-consuming and complicated, since the shells are thrown off the sides of the body and the procedure is repeated continuously. Of the total number of shells, 30% is produced by a pearl, and 10% is for commercial purposes. The most famous and greatest pearl in the world was found in the Philippines in 1943. It was called “Lao Cea”, weighing 6.37 kg. The value of Lao Cea Pearls is estimated at $ 30 million.
The most famous types of pearls in the world:
- Biwa pearls are pearls grown in Japan in freshwater. The core of the epithelium is extremely soft, having a baroque (irregular) shape. Due to large water pollution, growth is getting worse.
- Button pearls have a smooth and symmetrical surface and shape of an ellipse. Such pearls can naturally grow up, but they are also grown from an elliptically formed nucleus.
- Mabe pearls are semi-masters in different shapes and baroque looks, can naturally occur or be the result of implantation of round, cubed and other forms.
- Keshi pearls are small pearls, and they are formed in the Akoya shells in which a big pearl grows.
- The Ohrid Pearls are made of shellfish by the name of plaques (original plaštica-endemic kind of fish) in The Lake Ohrid (the state of Macedonia or FYROM). The way of making ohrid pearls is a secret that has been kept since the 20th century. Only two families of Talev and Filev know this secret. The Talev family started to work in 1924 when they bought the pearl production formula in Russia. Material was acquired in Bethlehem. The Talev family does everything manually and uses only natural materials. The families of Talev and Filev have their stores in Ohrid at the addresses of Kliment Ohridski 64 (family Talev) or Kliment’s University 87 (family Filev). More information is available at http://www.ohridskibiser.com.mk. The recipe for making is transmitted only to male members in families.
- The pearl of Bahrain-Bahrain is an island country in the Persian Gulf located in the southwestern part of Asia. This country is known from the ancient times as the country where pearls were practiced. The main square in the capital of Manama is called “Pearl” or the Square of Pearl. Manama is located on the island of Muharak, the largest of the three islands (Bahrain, Havar and Muharak). The island of Muharak is best known for its traditional pearl hunt and features the famous infrastructure associated with the hunt and wealth that originated from this island economy, which was the main economic branch of Bahrain from the 2nd century to the 1930s. This activity is also an outstanding example of the exploitation of marine resources and human interaction with the environment that shaped the cultural identity of the island society. Because of this, 17 buildings in Al Muharaku and 3 coastal oak deposits and Abu Mahir fort (Kal’at Bu Mahir) in the southwestern cape of the island, which used to depart for boatboats, entered UNESCO’s list of World Heritage sites in Asia 2012. year. The pearl of the Pearl of Muharak has reached its peak in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The wealth that was built by the inhabitants of Muharak can still be seen in the famous trading and residential buildings of the city of Al Muharak. This dangerous and demanding activity was experienced by a sudden economic collapse, when the Japanese in the 1930s developed a system of artificial pear tree cultivation in freshwater mussels.