Nigeria (Eng. Federal Republic of Nigeria,Hausa. Jamhuriyar Taraiyar Nijeriya, Igbo: Ọhàńjíkọ Ọhànézè Naìjíríyà, Yoruba: Orílẹ-èdè Olomìniira Aláàpapọ Nàìíríà) is located in the western part of Africa. Nigeria is the place with more than 155 million people making it’s country with the largest population in Africa.
The area of Nigeria is about 923 thousand square kilometers. The state of Nigeria has been named after the Niger River, which flows through its territory and around which the majority of the population is gathered. It borders with Benin, Niger, Chad and Cameroon, and exits to the Guinea Gulf (Atlantic Ocean). The north and south are flat and hilly, while the eastern and central part of the country rises up with the plateau of Jos and Adamwa.
The state of Nigeria was created by mixing different religions, cultures and ethnic groups. More than 500 languages are in use.
The capital of Nigeria has been Abuja since 1991. This city is the center of government, parliament, supreme court and is built in the central part of the state. The former capital is Lagos, located in the Lagos lagoon, which is separated from the Atlantic Ocean by a sandy beach. Nigeria’s kitchen looks like most Western African cuisines. Many spices, many sauces, meat and vegetables are used in combination with rice. Palm oil and palm wine are also used, local jams. The most interesting meal is the so-called “soup 404”, in which is a dog the main ingredient.
If you plan to visit Nigeria, it is necessary to vaccinate yourself against yellow fever at least 3 weeks before the trip.
Crime and abduction of tourists in the larger cities of Nigeria is on the rise (especially in the Niger Delta). If you are traveling alone, arrange for someone to wait for you at the airport. Avoid leaving the ship, because pirate interceptions are very common in waters around Nigeria. Drink only bottled water and eat in the hotel and verified restaurants. Nigerians consider the left hand unclean, and most of the public’s activities are carried out with the right hand.
The most famous tourist attractions in Nigeria:
- National parks Yankari and Kainji
The Kainji National Park is an unforgettable tourist attraction to explore the wilderness in the center of Nigeria. The Yankari National Park is located in the north of the country, occupying more than 2000 square kilometers. Because of the specific geographic position, there are sources of thermal water here.
- Shopping in Nigeria
The town of Calabar is the oldest shopping mall in Nigeria. It is located in the southeastern part of the country. The two biggest markets are Watt and Marian. In Calabria, tourists visit the local historical museum, one of the oldest Presbyterian churches in Nigeria, and the Center for Rehabilitation of Endangered Monkey Species.
- Beaches in Lagos
Lagos is Nigeria’s largest city, known for its long sandy beaches. There is a large number of restaurants and bars along the coast. Tourists in Lagos are visiting the National Museum, Art Galleries and National Theater.
- Osun-Osogbo is known as the Holy Forest of Nigeria
Osun-Osogbo is one of the last remaining sacred forests in Nigeria in the northwest of the country. This is a field of thick dense forest near the city of Osogbo devoted to the goddess of fertility of the people of Yaruba – Osuni. Impressive nature, shrines, altars and cultural artifacts form an integral part of this sacred forest which is under the protection of UNESCO.
- Nigeria’s largest public park
The Millennium Park is known as the largest public park in Abuja city. In one place, look at the typical geological characteristics of the Nigerian relief, and representatives of the plant and animal world.
Official languages: edo, hausa, igbo, english
Religion: Islam (50 percent); Christianity (48 percent)
Currency: Naira (NGN)
How to travel: regular flights of major airlines and European air carriers; The International Airport of Nigeria is Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport near the capital
When to travel: Depending on the part of Nigeria you are visiting. In the south of the country, the equator is the prevailing climate, in the center of Nigeria the tropical climate, and in the north are characterized by dry periods without much rainfall.
Restaurants: Eat at hotel restaurants, for example, the famous Royalteasu restaurant in Lagos.