History and many historical books teach us that the Sarajevo’s assassination was the cause of the outbreak of the First World War. However, many historians agree that this event when Gavrilo Princip (a member of the Mlada Bosna) fired bullets on June 28, 1914 and killed the Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sofia (Duchess of Hohenberg), launched a series of events that had the beginning of the First World war. The secret organization of Mladá Bosna have had the only one aim to destroy the Austrian-Hungarian rule in Bosnia and Herzegovina by bams and assassinations. Those are the historical facts since 103 years ago, and historians say that no assassination in modern history has left such a mark as the Sarajevo’s assassination .
Visit of Austro-Hungarian Archduke to the military garrison
The Austrian-Hungarian Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sofia had to come to Sarajevo (at the invitation of the Governor of Bosnia, General Oscar Potiorek) to visit military garrisons and oversee the military exercises of Austrian-Hungarian soldiers. They arrived in Sarajevo by train from Metković (Croatia) on June 27, 2014. They were accommodated in the hotel Bosna (today’s complex of Hotel Ilidža) in Ilidža. An official dinner was held in the evening of 27 June 2014.
On June 28, 2014 Archduke Franz Ferdinand ordered to his driver not to rush with the intent to look more closely at the city. A solemn ceremony was organized in the Town Hall. The guests traveled along Appel’s keel (now the Obala Kulina Bana).
The first attempt at the assassination failed when one of the conspirator had failed to drop the bomb precisely (which exploded beneath the car). The driver saw the thrown bomb and accelerated the vehicle.
The second thrown bomb injured some gendarmes (police) but nobody in Archduke’s convoy.
The Car Gräf & Stift (in which Franz Ferdinand and Sophia were killed, today is placed in a military museum in Vienna) arrived at the City Hall, where a short reception was held. After the reception, they went to the hospital to visit the wounded soldiers that have been killed in a bomb attack. They were driving through the same route to the hospital, when the driver made a fatal mistake and turned sharply into the narrow street called Franz Jozef (today’s Green Berets Street). Although the driver tried to return the car back to Appel’s kay, the assassin who was on the corner of these two streets, fired a fatal bullet and killed the Austrian-Hungarian Archduke and his wife.
The conspirator and the assassin Gavrilo Princip and other members of the Movement of Mlada Bosna, who participated in the preparation of the assassination, were arrested. They were condemned to a lifelong prison. Most died in prisons throughout the Austro-Hungarian Empire. After the First World War was completed, the remains of the assassin were exhumed and buried at the Saint Marko’s Cemetery at Koševo. The Chapel of Vidovdan heroes was built in this cemetery to commemorate members of the Movement of Mladá Bosna.
There is a memorial plate at the place of death of the Archduke and his wife Sofia. The Museum of Sarajevo was built In the nearby building. The Austrian-Hungarian rule of Bosnia and Herzegovina is also the main theme of this museum.