Soap, as an invention, belongs to the newer products. Historians estimate that the age of this product is only about 3,000 years old.
People first sprinkled the body with olive oil, juices and ashes from different plants. The first soaps are mentioned at the time of Pliny, a Roman writer from the I century B.C.. Then, according to the records, two types of soap are existed, soft and hard. Pliny writes that soap “is an invention that gives a glow to hair”.
In the ruins of Pompeii, a soaked workshop for making soaps was found, reminding of contemporary workshops. Until 200 years ago, soap was only handmade product in the United States of America.
How does soap come from?
Soap is obtained by cooking grease or oil with water and some base (lye). In factories, soaps, fats and alkalis are cooked in large boilers. This whole process is called saponification. The salt is added after the cooking is over. Then the soap pours out on the boiler surface. At the bottom of the boiler remains the salt water containing glycerin, impurities and excess lye. This procedure is repeated several times. Each time water and alkaline soda are added, until the last remaining fat is soaked (convert from fat to soap).
Then, the soap is well mixed to obtain a smooth mass, with different scents, colors and softeners added. Only then the boiled, soaked soap is ready for molding into different molds. Toilet soaps, in addition to the above mentioned process, also have an extra process: toilet soaps are cut, dropped and bobbed in some interesting paper.
Soap is always a required product and everyone needs it regardless of sex, age and place of residence.
In recent times, more and more people at their homes manually make soaps of all shapes, colors and scents, exhibiting those soaps at various fairs in their country and abroad.