Do you know that Germany, of all European countries, is the country with the highest number of Nobel Prize winners in Literature. This prestigious award is awarded annually to an author from any country in the world who wrote the most outstanding work of an idealistic tendency. The word work does not necessarily signify one work, it can also mean the author’s life opus. The Swedish academy of science and art decides who will get the prize (it is possible not to award the prize).
1902-Theodor Mommsen (historian, archeologist, journalist, politician and lawyer, 1902, winner of the Nobel Prize for the Work of “The History of Rome”) – born on 30th November 1817 in the German town of Gardin and died on 01 st November 1903 in Charlottenbourg , Germany. Mommsen is the largest historian from the 19th century.
1908-Rudolf Eucken (Philosopher and Professor, 1908 Nobel Prize for Literature) was born on 5 January 1846 in Aurich, and died on 14 September 1926 in Yen, Germany. He was a professor in Basel and Jen. He criticized a variety of life systems, and its principle that life makes sense just as creating reality.
1910- Paul von Heyse (1910 Nobel Prize for Literature) was born on March 15, 1830 in Berlin, and died on 2 April 1914 in Munich. He wrote novels and was also a member of the Munich Poetry Circle, which was founded by King Maximilian II.
1912-Gerhard Hauptmann (writer, 1912 Nobel Prize winner) was born on 15 December 1862 in Szczawno Zdroj, then Germany, now in Poland, and died on 6 June 1946 in Jagniatkow. This dramatic writer acted during the literary period of naturalism, at the end of the 19th and early 20th centuries.
1929- Thomas Mann (novelist, novelist, essayist, philanthropist, writer, 1929, Nobel Prize winner) was born on 6 June 1875 in Lübeck and died on 12 August 1955 in Zürich. Taken from Mann’s first Gefallen’s published 1894, his famous works include Buddenbrook, Royal Highness, Lotte in Weimar, Doctor Faustus and others.
1946-Hermann Hesse (writer, 1946 Nobel Prize winner for Germany / Switzerland) was born on 2 July 1877 in Calw, Germany, and died on 9 August 1962 in the Swiss town of Montagnola. This democrat and pacifist (from later years at the end of World War I) is studying psychoanalysis, and the mysticism of the Far East. His works are known: Stepworm, Siddhartha, Demian, Game of Glass Beads and others.
1966- Nelly Sachs (poet, playwright, 1966 Winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature Germany / Sweden, shared with Josef Agnón, a writer from Israel) – was created in Berlin on 10 December 1891 and died on 12 May 1970 Stockholm, Sweden. The poetry began writing only in Sweden, when she was almost 50 years old. In 1967, he became an honorary citizen of Berlin.
1972-Heinrich Boll (novelist, essayist, playwright, 1972 Nobel Prize winner for Literature) was born on 21 December 1917 in Cologne and died on 16th of July 1985 in Kreuzza, Germany. He was particularly excited in social and political engagement.
1999-Gunther Grass (writer, poet, scriptwriter and sculptor) was born on October 16, 1927 in Gdansk, Poland, and died in April, 2015 in the German town of Lubek. His most significant work is the “Drumming drum”, which tells about the life of a German family in Gdansk. The movie “Drumming drum” (German director Volker Schlöndorff), recorded under the same name, was the winner of the Oscar film award for the best foreign film in 1980. The most important works of this writer include “Cat and Mouse”, “My Century”.
2009-Herta Muller (novelist, poet, essayist) was born on 17 August 1953 in Nitchidorf, Romania. This German-Romanian writer in her works maimes the terror of Ceauşescu’s regime, explores the history of the Germans in Banat and the persecution of the Romanian Germans by the Stalinist regime. She is the author of other world literary accolades.Her works have been translated into 20 world languages.
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