1.Siegfried’s line (Siegfriedlinie or Siegfriedstellung, also the Westend, Westfalse) represented the defensive line that Germany built during World War I. The line was constructed in the form of defensive fortifications and blocks that were supposed to stop the penetration of tanks and artillery. Although built during the First World War, Siegfried’s line was used more significantly in World War II. Hitler ordered an additional reinforcement of the line before the war began. The reinforced line provided protection to Germany that allowed the invasion of Poland and Czechoslovakia.
The Siegfried line stretched on 630 kilometers and consisted of 18,000 bunkers, hundreds of tunnels, and tens of thousands of anti-thunder traps.
The construction lasted from 1938 to 1940.Lining proved to be very successful because nearly the entire war was inevitable. But, due to Hitler’s unhappy moves, the line came to a halt before the end of the war and became very useless. In 1945, the Allies took advantage of the bad state of the line and launched an offensive in Germany. Yet, although largely neglected, the line has proven to be extremely difficult to win. The Allies needed several months and several thousand soldiers to occupy it.
After fierce battles, the line collapsed and the allies rushed to the industrial cities of then Nazi Germany.
2. Maginot line-Maginot line is the name for a fortress system along the eastern France border. It was built between two World Wars, and was named after French military minister Andre Maginot. It had several underground floors and was considered to be impenetrable, but the tanks were III. The Reich easily navigated when they attacked France in the 1940s.
3. 38 parallel- 38. north parallel is a parallel that is 38 degrees north of the equator. Before the Korean War, it crossed the border between North and South Korea. This parallel divides the Korean peninsula roughly in the middle.
In June 1950, North Korea launched a sudden war against South Korea. Following a border dispute, North Korea’s forces, backed by alleged Chinese volunteers and with the support of the USSR, cross 38th parallel, and South Korea is helping the UN and the US. They seek withdrawal of aggressors from South Korea. However, this request ignores North Korea, and US armed forces on behalf of the UN are coming to South Korea. The alternating offensive of one and the other forces until 1952 did not give way to any of the warring sides. The conflict ended in 1953 by signing the primir in Panmunjon. Demilitarized zone has been established as the border of North and South Korea.
The war in Korea was the first war in which the military participated in the OUN (founded 5 years ago). The war began on June 25, 1950, and ended on July 27, 1953. The war began with the invasion of North Korea’s forces on the territory of South Korea. UN has called it the repression of world peace, and demands a withdrawal, which North Korea refuses. The UN asks member states for military aid to South Korea. 16 countries sent an army, 41 the country sent military equipment, food and other supplies. The USA has contributed 90% of this assistance. On China’s side was China fought, and the Soviet Union was providing military equipment. The war ended with the signing of a truce between UN and North Korea.
With over a million people killed, it is one of the deadliest conflicts in modern human history.
4. Greenwich Meridian-The Greenwich Meridian is a latitude-long line passing through Greenwich in England. This meridian has an angle of 0 °. This meridian and the opposite 180th meridian, through which the International Date Border crosses, blend east and west.
5. 17 Parallels – The Line that divides North and South Vietnam – Vietnam was a part of Imperial China for more than a thousand years, from the nineteenth century. until 938. A series of Vietnamese royal dynasties has prospered with the geographic and political growth of this nation in Southeast Asia, while Indochina was not colonized by the French in the middle of the nineteenth century. After the Japanese Occupation of 1940, the Vietnamese opposed the French rule in the First Indochina War, finally extending to France in 1954. Subsequently, Vietnam was politically divided into two rivals, the North and South Vietnam. In Geneva negotiations, the state is divided into two parts, with the promise to reunite after democratic elections. However, apart from peaceful unification, the division led to the Vietnam War, which, depending on the viewpoint, was considered a civil war or another battlefield of the then Cold War. During that period, North Vietnam supported NR China and the Soviet Union, while South Vietnam had US support. After the million deaths and the withdrawal of the United States from Vietnam in 1973, the war ended with the fall of Sajgon under the rule of Seventy of Vietnam in April 1975. The United Kingdom has survived domestic repression since 1976 and was isolated from the international community because of the invasion of Cambodia. In 1986, the Communist Party of Vietnam changed its economic policy and began reforms similar to those in China.