10 “unique” structures / natural phenomena in Bosnia and Herzegovina

1. Jajce Waterfalls is the only waterfall located in the center of the city (photos)
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The town of Jajce was founded (and built) by Hrvoje Vukčić Hrvatinić. There is a legend written in his letter (to his wife) that he will build the most beautiful city in Bosnia. In the central part of Jajce, in Bosnia and Herzegovina, there is a natural waterfall. It belongs to one of the twelve most beautiful in the world. It is estimated to be about 50,000 years old, due to the amount of sedge. The Pliva river basin and the waterfall are formed in porous sedimentary material. Destruction of sedge is noticed for nearly 100 years. It appears in the summer period when the basket is dry. The Jajce Town changed its history many times. The symbol of the city “Waterfall” has always remained the same. The river Pliva realizes smaller cascades (small waterfalls). The last waterfall (last cascade) is 20 meters high. The river Pliva falls below the waterfall into the Vrbas River, and they swim together in the Sava River.
From 2014, waterfall leaps are taking place. This international event has become a tradition.
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2. The only lunar clock (which is still in functione) is in Sarajevo (photos)
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Many people/visitirs have heards already for the Sarajevo Clock Tower. Yet, the less known fact is, that this is the only lunar clock in the world (which is still working).
It was built in the 17th century near the Gazi Husrev-bey mosque. After the fire in 1697, (burned under the bust of Eugene Savoy), the Clock Tower was restored. The next restoration was happened in 1762.
After the Austro-Hungarian occupation, the upper part of the building was enlarged. The clock was brought by two Sarajevo merchants from London in 1874. The old, Turkish clock, which had been on this stage before, was already shrinking. The old clock was taken to Vratnik (a village in Sarajevo). It is located in Vratnik Mosque.
In 1873, in London, the clock (of the famous English brand „Gillett & Johnston“) was built in this structure.
The tower builder is Gazi Husrev-beg, one of the greatest Bosnian waqifa (poet) from the Turkish era. The first written record of it dates back to the 17th century. The tower has 76 wooden staircases, arranged in a square row, with which the muvekit (the one that sets the time) once a week climbs up to time. Clock clock is adjusted manually, as it shows “a la turca” (lunar clock) time. Therefore it is considered that the Clock Tower is the only watch in the world that still works and shows the time on the lunar calendar. This hour at midnight shows exactly at the moment of sunset in Sarajevo. Sometimes there was a muveithan in the yard of the Bese Mosque (Star Observation Building and Measurement of the Proper Lunar Time), in which exact timing of the prayer was determined on the basis of precise measurements and water tanks.
In 1967, The Sarajevo Clock Tower was repaired and the hands and numbers on all four dials were gold. When during the Islamic holy month, a Ramadan clock on a canopy clocked for 24 hours, the time is for iftar (a meal taken at the first twilight, just after sunset). After the first beating in the mosque of Bega, candles (light embroidered on the mosque) are blown, and after that, from White Banner, the ball is traditionally shot, marking the end of the post.
The Sarajevo Clock Tower was declared a national monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2006, based on the decision of the Commission to Preserve National Monuments of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
3. The Medium-centuries Kingdom of Bosnia was the only state that had its own Bogumilian (Bosnian) church (photos)
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The specificity of the then Kingdom of Bosnia was tombstones called “stećak”. Every passenger can still see many preserved “stećak”, traveling throughout Bosnia and Herzegovina. Stećak is a kind of stone medieval tombstone monument. His name derives from the presentation of the participant of the verb “stand”, ie “standing”. This stone tombstone is inspired by the pre-Persian period. Some of these monuments were richly decorated to represent the true masterpieces of medieval art.
The largest number of tombstones, about 60,000, are located in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and can be found in the border regions of Croatia (about 4,400 stećak), Serbia (about 4,100 stećak) and Montenegro (about 3,500 stećak). Although it is considered that the stećci originally members of the Bosanska Church, these tombstones are also found in Catholic, Orthodox and Muslim necropolises.
The most famous tombstone (stećak) found in the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina is the Zgoslava stećak, which was discovered in the vicinity of Kaknja. Today, it is located in the garden of the National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Sarajevo. There is no inscription in the stećak 14 tons. Because of its exquisite decoration, the researchers assume that it is the tombstone of a great-grandmother, perhaps the Bosnian ban by Stjepan II Kotromanić.

4.The only “smallest” mosque in the world is located in Sarajevo (photos)
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(Sarajevo’s mosque „Rogo Zade“ is the smallest mosque in Europe and one of the smallest mosque in the world)
We visited the smallest mosque in the region and one of the smallest in the world. The mosque has a little more than 50 m² and is located in Sarajevo’s settlement called Sedrenik. Sarajevo’s mosque with unusual name „Rogo Zade“ was built in 1660 according to the inscription on the door of the mosque and its overall size is a little more than 50 square meters. This is the smallest mosques in the region and Europe, but also one of the smallest in the world. It was built under the Sarajevo’s neighborhood Sedrenik and the address is Rogina 1. The mosque was restored in 1972. Since Sarajevo’s nearby neighborhoods Sedrenik and Grlica hill have a lot of other mosques, Rogo Zade is more a symbol of the city. The mosque also houses a tomb (MUSLIM’s cemetery) with three graves. It is believed that Hungarian Muslims who come to this area 300 years ago, have been buried there (fleeing the Inquisition in Hungary at the time). Legend says that part of Hungarian Muslims settled in Sarajevo near the mosque. It is believed thata they have been three wealthy families among immigrants from Hungary. Legend says that some members of the family were buried just outside the mosque Rogo Zade, where they later built a nation tomb.
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Around the mosque is the cemetery (Muslim’s cemetery) with some 20 tombstones (monuments). In one of the graves are the remains of the famous Bosniak historians Sidki Muvekita Hadžihuseinović, author of the famous work “Inscription-and-Bosna”, written in Turkish, and published under the title “History of Bosnia” in 1999 in Sarajevo.If your travels take you to Sarajevo, take the time to climb the cobbled streets of Sarajevo to Rogina 1 to have a look at this unusual and beautiful miniature mosque.

5. Vjetrenica Cave is the unique in the world
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Vjetrenica Cave is the first and unique in the world for its biodiversity. In the southwestern no-man’s land of Herzegovina is the stunning valley of Popovo Polje. The ancient karst field is a minute piece of what is the one of the world’s largest karst field that stretches all the way into Croatia and Slovenia. Vjetrenica is the largest and most famous cave in Bosnia and Herzegovina, a protected monument of nature and tourist destination in the south-eastern part of Herzegovina. Near the small town of Ravno and the medieval orthodox monastery of Zavala is the largest cave system discovered in Bosnia and Herzegovina – Vjetrenica Caves. This extensive cave system has in total over 6 kilometres of passages. The stunning main passage stretches on 2,50 kilometers. Amongst the many archaeological discoveries are the ancient cave bears and leopards, cave drawings that are estimated to be over 10,000 years old.
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The Cave is also home to many small lakes and endemic types of shellfish only found in deep underground aquifer systems. Vjetrenica is now on the list for UNESCO protected areasin Bosnia and Herzegovina. The cave has recently been re-opened after extensive research and improvements to the infrastructure. Well marked road signs are visible throughout the main Popovo Polje road from Stolac to Trebinje and from the main coastal road in Croatia towards Ravno. Expedition to Vjetrenica Cave 45€

6. The European unique Rainforest Perućica
When it comes to jungles, what is the first place that you think of? Amazon? Sri Lanka? Uganda? What about Europe? Do you know any? If not, then you are at the right page to discover perhaps the best kept touristic secret in Europe – Perućica Rainforest in southern Bosnia & Herzegovina.The rainforest Perućica is one of the last primeval rainforests in Europe. Situated almost on the border with Montenegro, Perućica is one of the two remaining primeval forests in Europe. These rightly called “lungs of Europe” are actually a part of Sutjeska National Park, the oldest and the largest one in Bosnia & Herzegovina. Some of the trees here are more than 300 years old. No wonder, that this unique place is also listed as UNESCO World Heritage Site.
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7. The most crooked river in the world-Šujica
The most crooked river in the world flows through the Duvanjsko polje. At least it was seen and described by a great travel writer Zuko Džumhur (from Bosnia and Herzegovina). He was, passing from Travnik to the Adriatic Sea, paused to rest near the river Šujica, admiring her beauty. The Galečki Bridge, which is believed to have been built 2,000 years ago, is located across the river.
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Rijeka Šujica, whose watercourse is forty miles long, is extremely attractive to Fly Fishing. Although fishermen often come to this area, its time is just coming. Good promotion, provision of accommodation capacities and observation of tourism at the regional level should bring revival there soon.
The Šujica River is characterized by exceptionally clean water, live trout and bark, as well as river crabs. The crab’s tail is called „šuja“ in the nation, so it is believed that this place „Šujica“ is named after him.
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8. The stone spheres in Zavidovići
The biggest finding site of stone spheres in Europe is located in the town Zavidovići (in Bosnia and Herzegovina). Stone spheres turned Zavidovići into a tourist attraction. This phenomenon is at least 14,000 years old. The balls have very many locations in Bosnia and Herzegovina, but here’s the biggest concentration. The Association of “Stone Spheres” is also founded and still exist in Zavidovići. A numerous scientists, archaeologists and geologists, have already visited stone balls. Many geologists tried to prove that nature made this perfect shape, and archaeologists tried to disprove them. Everyone has their own theory and they could not agree. Archaeologists say that throughout the world there are stone balls of three different materials – granite, volcanic rock, and sandstone. Zavidovići’s stone balls should be made of sandstone. It has been proven that 90 percent o fit contains what a sandstone has, but ten percent is what it does not have, those are calcium carbonate and manganese.
Then there are assumptions that some old civilizations crushed rock material to add it to earthen molds, adding calcium carbonate, because it gives strength and manganese, which is the best binding material. Those stone balls have been found on the tops of the hills, and near the tombstones. Spheres are sources of positive energy. In addition to the peace, beauty and unbelievable energy that everyone who comes here is feeling, visitors/people are constantly returning by hospitality. The Host offering free coffee, cakes, do not charge entrance or parking, and only sell souvenirs they make themselves, small stone balls from the rest of the ball. Welcome.

09. Blagaj- is the source of the river Buna
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The source of the river Buna is one of the strongest in the world. Only 12 km away from Mostar, there is the famous Vrelo River Buna, the strongest karst spring on the territory of Europe with an average annual water flow of 43 m³ per second. The source is located under a rocky cliff 200 m high, and Derviška Tekija was built near the source itself, which with its surrounding nature makes it a unique and unrepeatable whole. The water sprouts from a 15-meter-wide cave, and French divers have discovered that the underground stream of Buna springs about 200 meters long. The water is extremely cold and pure and is the habitat of an endemic species of trout.
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10. Sanski Most- the city (in Bosnia and Herzegovina) located on 9 rivers
Sanski most

Sanski Most is another of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s cities whose beauty impresses.It is a town on nine rivers, which is characterized by greenery and blue color, which benefits the eye and relaxes the body and soul. The bay of Sanski Most is bordered by the high mountain massifs of Grmeč, Mulež and Behremaginica. The green of the Sana River valley has been flooded with many watercourses. Sanski Most’s inhabitants like to say that their city is located on nine rivers.The river Sana flows through this area/city and its eight tributaries: Sanica, Dabar, Zdena, Bliha, Majdanuša, Japra, Sasinka and Kozica. Apart from the rivers, this area is extremely rich and generous with karst springs.

Photos and sources: https://www.itinari.com, http://www.visitbih.ba , http://www.turizam.mostar.ba , http://www.hercegovina.ba , http://www.razglednica.ba, http://www.sanskimost.com , http://www.inmedia.ba , http://www.zemaljskimuzej.ba , http://www.tuzlanski.ba, http://www.nezavisne.com, http://www.nova-akropola.com , http://www.visitherzegovina.info , http://www.malisvijet.net , http://www.miruhbosne.com, www. ba.n1info.com , http://www.etrafika.net , http://www.fotografija.ba (photographer Amir Kehić), http://www.youtube.com, http://www.feelbosnia.com , http://www.ihouse-mostar.com


    • Dear “simonjkyte”,

      The answer to your question is: No. Bogomils have been Christians by believing but they haven’t used the priests and the Church. The religious mass was held by the oldest person in their designated area and that “priest” they used to call “a Grandpa”. That made them enemies to the Pope (in that period of history). The Pope in that period called the Bosnian Church ” a Pagan Church”. This caused at least a four, by some historians six”, Crusader’s attacks on the Bosnian Kingdom. Generally, by The Hungarian Kings (in that period of history), because this was happening during the period of 100-150 years. 1463 Turkish Sultan conquered Bosnia and Herzegovina, mainly because the local population has been exhausted by The Hungarian attacks. It is believed that the lot of The Bogomils accepted the religion of the New Ruler: Islam. Since they have not used the Church as the religious object, the only remains of the Bogomils are already mentioned: “Tombstones” (in Bosnian: Stećak).

      Thank you very much.

      My best regards,

      Amela Hajdarević

      Liked by 1 person

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