Few places in the world have been as generous as on the vast plain of the Sarajevo field, from the steep slopes of Mount Igman and the numerous springs of the River Bosna, to its tributaries of Zeljeznica, Dobrinja, Miljacka and Zujevina. In this middle ground, which is rich in fresh water sources, hot springs erupt on the surface of the earth, heated by magma in the depths of the earth’s crust. These sources are curative because of salts, chlorides, calcium, calcium carbonate and carbonic acid.
The first urbanization
This part of the Sarajevo field is the oldest inhabited part of today’s city. Just beyond the sulfur springs in the plain, there lived members of the famous Butmir culture, a Stone Age farming community whose existence ceased to be attributed to invasions by Illyrian peoples, known as the Illyrians. The Illyrians lived in hillsides on the slopes of the Igman, Bjelasnica and Jahorina mountains. They began to descend into the lowlands in the 1st century AD, when the Romans conquered Igman and established lasting peace. That’s when the first real urbanization of Sarajevo begins. A multiethnic settlement of native peoples and worshiped Roman legionaries of different races and religions emerges next to the sulfur spring. It was the Municipality of Aquae S. (Spa S.), built along the Narona Road (present-day Metković, Croatia) – Srebrenica (Argentaria) and the Bosna River. Archaeologist J. Kellner has discovered impressive findings that speak to the luxury of residents of this place. The spacious spas and administrative buildings were adorned with mosaics of extraordinary beauty, which are today in the National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The ancient Slavs inhabited the hearth of a Roman settlement destroyed in the invasions of the Gothic and Avardian hordes. The old Slavs did not use thermals. In the 9th century, they built a small pre-Romanesque church in Vrutci. In the 11th century, the old Slavs built a six-apse Dalmatian-type church in Rogacici. The Ottomans find Blažuj and Lužane there, as well as the old Roman bridge across the river Bosna, which they are rebuilding. Bosnian vizier Rustem-pasha builds a caravan-saray in Ilidža. He is also constructing a 15-arch bridge across the River Rail. The rich Sarajevans (in the surrounding area) build their towers (mansions) and summer residences due to the special climate and natural beauty of the area.
Tip plus: There is ample parking at the entrance to The Source of the river Bosna. Ticket Price for 1 h = 2 KM (1 €), all day parking = 5KM (2,5 €) and is payable on the spot.
Entrance to the Source of the river Bosna is 2KM (per person) or 1 €.