Lavender Lat.Lavandula sp. (Miller) -a favorite ornamental plant

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Lavender is a very favorite ornamental plant, and it is increasingly grown and planted. There are no major demands on soil quality, its cultivation is very economical and can serve as a good grazing ground for bees.
The name lavender is derived from the Latin word lavara, which means bathing, and explains the basic purpose of dried flower and lavender, an essential oil. Real lavender essential oil is used to produce perfume and cologne. Cheaper lavender essential oil is used to produce soap. The healing property of lavender is to reduce nervous tension in migraine and neuralgia. It relieves cramps and helps heal wounds.
True lavender thrives up to an altitude of 1700 m, broad-leaved up to 700 m, and a hybrid of 700-1000 m. The life span of wild and grown lavender is up to 30 years. The root is woody, very branched and penetrates deep into the soil. The stem is short, thick, woody and very branched from the root neck.

Real lavender grows in the form of a small shrub 40-60 cm high and 80-120 cm in diameter. The flower branches are simple, 20-40 cm long, the leaves opposite, narrow, entire margin and greyish green, and hairy on the reverse. The flowers are blue in color, the fruit is a sprout with 4 egg seeds.

Hybrid lavender is a compact shrub 80-100 cm high, more than 150 cm in diameter. The flower stems are branched, 60 to 90 cm long, the leaves opposite, green, slightly hairy, and the flower as in true lavender. Hybrid lavender is sterile and fruits are not usable.
All types of lavender are characterized by a strong, distinctive scent that comes from the accumulated essential oil. Essential oil is obtained by distillation of lavender flower. Real lavender flower contains 0.5 to 1.5% of essential oil and hybrid lavender 0.9 to 5%. Essential oil generally accumulates in the glands located next to the flower cup itself. The main ingredients of the oil are linalyl acetate and linalol. Some species are characterized by the composition of the essential oil, so true lavender contains linalyl acetate 35 to 60%, and hybrid lavender only 7-16%.
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Lavender seeds germinate for 3-4 years. Sowed seeds germinate for a very long time, up to two months. Initially, the plant grows very slowly, but can chase the flower stem as early as the first year. In the second year, vegetation begins only with warming. Real lavender begins to bloom in June and hybrids a little later. When the weather is cold, flowering is delayed by two weeks, and when it is warm it begins to bloom much sooner. The full inflorescence lasts 6-8 days and then the flowers contain the best quality essential oil. The fruit ripens gradually during August, and is prone to rash.
Lavender is called the “queen of the Mediterranean.” This name is due to its numerous medicinal properties. Always choose high quality and natural lavender essential oil.
The basic actions of lavender:

Calming agent Lavender essential oil has a soothing scent, which makes it an excellent nerve tonic. Lavender helps treat migraines, headaches, anxiety, depression, tension and stress. Its pleasant odor eliminates fatigue and restlessness and increases mental activity. As a tranquilizer and relaxant, in addition to oil, lavender flower tea and a bath help.

Insomnia Lavender essential oil calms the body, comfortably cools and stimulates sleep.

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Pain relief or reduction Lavender essential oil is a great remedy for various types of pain. It helps with neuralgia, sciatica, lumbago, neck pain, it acts on muscle inflammation and reduces muscle pain and tension, affects rheumatism, sprains, lumbago. Regular massage with lavender oil relieves joint pain.

Urinary tract The essential oil regulates urinary disorders and stimulates the production of urine. Helps regulate hormones, relieve cystitis or inflammation of the bladder and reduce cramps.

Respiratory system Lavender oil is used extensively for respiratory problems, including throat infections, influenza, cough, colds, asthma, sinus blockage, bronchitis, laryngitis. In these conditions, it is preferable to inhale the oil or apply it to the neck, chest and back.

Circulation Lavender essential oil promotes circulation in the body. It lowers blood pressure and is used in hypertension.

Digestion Lavender oil is useful for digestion as it increases the intestinal motility. It also stimulates the production of gastric juices and bile and helps in the treatment of stomach pain, colic, flatulence, vomiting and diarrhea.

Immunity Regular use of lavender essential oil enhances disease resistance.

Skin Care The health benefits of skin essential oil can be attributed to its antiseptic and antifungal properties. The oil is used to treat many skin diseases, acne, psoriasis, inflammation. It is good for wounds, cuts, burns (sun irritation, burns) and helps in regeneration and healing of scars.

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Useful and practical lavender preparations:

1. Skin Care Oil: Lavender essential oil drops that soothe the skin, especially after irritation, mixed with olive oil, are a great combination. With this combination you can treat the whole body, face and hair.

2. Oil to relieve tension, headaches: Add a few drops of lavender essential oil to neutral oil (sesame oil) and apply it to your temples and back of the neck to remove pain and tension.

3. Tea: Pleasant in taste, lavender tea is widely used. It is used for calming and relaxation, for insomnia and is effective for weakened immunity and colds. Pour four tablespoons of dried lavender flowers with a liter of hot water. Let stand for 5 minutes. Drain the tea, add a pinch of cinnamon and drink it throughout the day (if you want to drink warm tea throughout the day, pour it into a thermos).

4. Bath: The benefits of a lavender bath are multiple. In addition to its relaxing effect on the muscles, the scent of lavender relaxes and calms, and its antiseptic properties have an effect on acne. Wrap shredded flowers with gauze or cloth, fresh and place in hot water. It is advisable to wait a few moments for the contents of the flower to connect to the water.

5. Lavender-coated bath: 50 grams of dried lavender flower is poured over a liter of boiling water. After 30 minutes, drain and add to the bath water.

6. For mild digestive disorders: Once a day, pour a few drops of lavender oil into a sugar cube, then slowly dissolve in your mouth.

7. Insomnia: It is advisable to drink mild chamomile and lavender tea in the evening (teaspoon of lavender dried flower and teaspoon of chamomile dried flower, topped with 3 dl of hot water). Drink squeezed after 5 minutes.

8. Insomnia and Relieving Children’s Discomfort: Light a scented lamp with lavender essential oil in the room or place a canvas bag filled with dried lavender flowers next to the pillow.

9. For insect stings: Apply a drop of two essential oils directly to the sting site.

10. Floral Water: Due to its balanced pH, lavender hydrolate is ideal for the care of all skin types. Flower water cools and soothes the skin, which especially helps with insect bites, acne, irritation and inflammation. For summer heat, it is ideal as a face refreshing spray.

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