Willy Brandt (Lübeck, 18. December 1913. – Unkel kod Bonna, 8. October 1992.), njemački političar i državnik. Dobitnik je Nobelove nagrade za mir 1971. He was born as Herbert Ernst Karl Frahm;
a German politician and statesman. He won the 1971 Nobel Peace Prize.
Fleeing to Norway and then Sweden during the Nazi regime and working as a left-wing journalist, he took the name Willy Brandt as a pseudonym to avoid detection by Nazi agents, and then formally adopted the name in 1948. Brandt was originally considered one of the leaders of the right wing of the SPD, and earned initial fame as Governing Mayor of West Berlin. He served as Foreign Minister and as Vice Chancellor in Kurt Georg Kiesinger’s cabinet, and became chancellor in 1969. As chancellor, he maintained West Germany’s close alignment with the United States and focused on strengthening European integration in western Europe, while launching the new policy of Ostpolitik aimed at improving relations with Eastern Europe. Brandt was controversial on both the right wing, for his Ostpolitik, and on the left wing, for his support of American policies, including the Vietnam War, and right-wing authoritarian regimes. The Brandt Report became a recognised measure for describing the general North-South divide in world economics and politics between an affluent North and a poor South. Brandt was also known for his fierce anti-communist policies at the domestic level, culminating in the Radikalenerlass (Anti-Radical Decree) in 1972.
Brandt resigned as chancellor in 1974, after Günter Guillaume, one of his closest aides, was exposed as an agent of the Stasi, the East German secret service.
At the 1969 elections, again with Brandt as the leading candidate, the SPD became stronger, and after three weeks of negotiations, the SPD formed a coalition government with the smaller Free Democratic Party of Germany (FDP). Brandt was elected Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany.
9 November 1989 The Berlin Wall fell. Brandt’s tears about five hundred kilometers away in Bonn (then the capital of the Federal Republic of Germany) deputies in the Bundestag interrupted the session and sang the anthem spontaneously.
Willy Brandt, the chancellor who receives the highest credit for post-war normalization of West-East relations, sang teary-eyed.
W. Brandt was named The Honorary Grand Commander of the Order of Loyalty to the Crown of Malaysia (S.S.M.) in 1969.
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