10 Best Military Museums in Europe

1.Military Museum Gjirokaster, Albania
Recommended duration: 2 hours
Discover the relics of Albania’s history and culture through the centuries at . Overlooking an important traveling route along the river, the fortress has taken a prominent position in the city’s history since the 12th century. The buildings inside date from different time periods and have various functions, such as churches and storage spaces. Take your time walking around, noting the clock tower, cistern, towers, houses, Gjirokastër Museum, and an open courtyard that hosts an annual folk culture festival. Ask for an audio guide to lead you through the castle and give you insight into its past.
Squatting on a elongated promontory, the castle looms over the town. On entry, dark vaults lead off towards the southern gate. In each recess are various forms of military hardware; anti aircraft guns, heavy mortars and a rather dinky fiat tank that looks like is could not knock the skin off a rice pudding.

This leads to an open area with a rather dishevelled looking US spy plane. It is worth a longer look at the clock tower and old church. This part of the castle offers fantastic views of the town and the Drinos valley below.

http://www.albania.al http://www.albaniatourism.com http://www.visit-albania.com

2.The Weapon Museum „Arsenal“ Lviv (Ukraine)
For better defense The city Lviv needed warehouses for keeping weapons as well as for storing food. The first Arsenal was built around 1430. A modern building was constructed in 1574-1576 at the cost of the city, adn therefore it wass called „ City Arsenal“. Since 1981 it has been a venue for the museum of ancient weapons (Armoury Museum), the only museum of its kind in Ukraine.
Establishing a weapons museum at the Arsenal was a nobrainer for city planners. It’s a brisk walk up the hill, but the fascinating array of swords, daggers, spears, lances, fire-arms, armour and other military equipment make the climb well worth it. The collage of locally crafted weapons and armour really stirs the imagination. The museum has also acquired armoury weapons from all over teh world.
Address: Pidval’na 5, tel. (+380) 32 235 86 61. Open 10:00-17:30. Closed Wed. Admission 8Hr, Students and senior citizens 3Hr.
http://www.lviv.travel http://www.touristinfo.lviv.ua

3.The Military Museum Belgrade (Serbia)
Military Museum is positioned on bastion of the 1st south-eastern front of Belgrade Fortress in a building built in 1924 for purposes of Military-Geographical Institute. In 1956 the building was given to Military Museum. Surrounded by fortress` ramparts and most beautiful Belgrade Park, Kalemegdan, Museum represents one of the symbols of Belgrade Fortress.
It was founded by the Decree of Prince Milan Obrenović IV on August 22nd 1878 on preposition of Minister of Army, colonel Sava Grujić. It was yet another manifestation of celebrating Serbia`s Independence. First permanent display was opened in 1904 according to 100th Anniversary of First Serbian Uprising and as a part of King Petar`s Coronation Ceremonies.
Museum was then placed in a humble building from Turkish period, just beside the Roman Well. Soon after the foundation, Museum has entered the Europe by participating on the Balkan Expo in London in 1907. There, with around 100 carefully chosen objects, Museum had attracted the attention of London public and it was described in local newspapers.
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Museum’s building was demolished in First World War, and collections were mostly destroyed or were seized by occupation troops. Again more than two decades had past before the new Display has been opened. King Aleksandar I Karadjordjević issued a Decree of Founding the Military Museum in Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Brigadier Vojislav Vuković, majordom of Royal Court became a director of Military Museum. Systematical collecting of objects started and numerous donors, former soldiers and their descendants responded. Their names were signed in a special „Golden Book“, work of a famous Russian artist Vsevolod Guljevič. The book is still being kept in the Military Museum.
New permanent Display was opened in 1937 in two buildings of which one is today a residence of City Bureau for Preserving of Monuments.
During the Second World War collections suffered new devastation. However, according to the program of occupation troops, some cultural institutions with military Museum among them continued their work during the occupation. Collecting of objects and their preserving was main care for museum staff. Allied bombing of Belgrade in 1944 brought new destroying of museum buildings and collections. In new conditions, after the Second World War, new work on collecting objects started, especially from the previous war. Also adaptation of Display began in accordance to new ideology. Museum collections were significantly enriched, especially with objects from War and Revolution, and Military Museum became an important institution of new country. Great attention was given to acquisitions, expert personnel, researching, archaeological excavations and preparing of new display in which beside museum experts, many prominent historians, archaeologists, architects and various artists participated. New display was opened in 1961 by president Josip Broz Tito.
All important foreign delegations in Yugoslavia were guests of Military Museum. Museum organized large number of various exhibitions; edited several memorial complexes and commemorative rooms; issued several monographies, catalogues and other publications. Museum participated in symposiums and similar conferences I country and abroad. Special attention is given to acquisition of new objects and forming of collections. Today, Museum has around 33.000 objects in 15 collections and very impressive photo collection with over 100.000 photographs.
Museum has special library with over 15.000 titles from areas of History, History of Art, Archaeology, Museology and other similar branches of Science and with more than 6000 magazines.


4.Panorama 1453 Historical Museum (Istanbul, Turkey)

The Panorama 1453 History Museum, established by Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality in 2009, holds the title of ‘the world’s first full-panoramic museum’. As one of the most popular spots in Istanbul, the museum gives its visitors a chance to relive the conquest of Istanbul.

The morning of May 29, 1453 was immortalised by virtue of good efforts by the at Topkapı Culture Park, the area where the conquest was dreamt of, as President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan supported the construction so that we set out on a journey through the history and remember the never-ending story of the city of Istanbul.
Panorama 1453 Museum of History was opened by on January 31, 2009 upon participation of the President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, and Istanbul metropolitan Municipality gained the museum for our city. As it is situated across the city walls of Topkapı-Edirnekapı where the siege took place, Panorama 1453 Museum of History functions as the gateways that open up the city of Istanbul to the history, and is operated by Kültür A.Ş. As İBB Kültür A.Ş., we freeze the historical moment through Panorama 1453 Museum of History, which will definitely shed light to our past and present, and bestow it as a gift to the future.We hope that your enthusiasm for the conquest remains as fresh and permanent as is, and gives inspiration for the conqueror of the future…
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Panorama 1453 Visit Information
The Museum is open between 08:00 and 18:00 every day.
. Full ticket: 7.5 TL
. Foreign Visitors: 15 TL
. Student, Teacher and Military Staff: 3 TL
Price information: Tickets are sold in cash. Foreign exchange is not accepted.

5.Austrian Military Museum – Heeresgeschichtliches Museum Vienna (Austria)-Free Admission of each first Sunday of the month)
Opening hours:
Every day from 9 a.m. – 5 p.m.
Closing days: 1 January, Easter Sunday, 1 May, 1 November, 24th of December until 2 pm., 25 and 31 December
Free admission:
All visitors have free admission on each first Sunday of the month.
Visitors until the age of nineteen have free admission.
Admission fees:
Regular Fee: € 7,00
Reduced Fee: € 5,00
Guided Tour: € 4,00
Guided Tour Pupil: € 2,50
Video-Photo-Permission: € 2,00
Additional Audio Guide: € 2,00
There is free WIFI for all our visitors
Contact and location:
Heeresgeschichtliches Museum
Militärhistorisches Institut
Arsenal, Objekt 1, Ghegastrasse
1030 Vienna
Phone: +43 (1) 79561-0
Fax: +43 (1) 79561-1017707

6.Museum of Military History Budapest (Hardtoteneti Museum), Hungary
Being packed with military memorabilia, loaded with weaponry and bringing battle scenes to life an exciting and fun family day for all is guaranteed in the Institute and Museum of Military History.
The museum contains collections relating to Hungary’s military history from the medieval times to the world wars and beyond and also displays impressive series of weaponry, uniforms, armour, flags, and coins.
In addition to the story of Hungary’s history of warfare, there are some cannons by the entrance in the beautiful courtyard along with a few cannonballs in the wall (dating back to the Revolutions of 1848-49) and there is an outdoor statue and memory park providing a magnificent view on the River Danube.The institution is also a research centre with a library and archives, housing national and international conferences, events.
Opening hours
Institute and Museum of Military History in Buda Castle
Tue – Sun: 9 am – 5 pm
Closed on Mondays
Full price: HUF 1,500
Students/seniors: HUF 750
Family ticket: HUF 3,000
Address: 2-4 Kapisztran Square, Budapest 1014
Phone: +36 (1) 325-1600
Recommended from age 6+

7.Royal Museum of the Armed Forces and of Military History (Brussels, Belgium)
The Royal Museum of the Armed Forces and of Military History is the perfect stop for history and military enthusiasts. Located in the two northernmost halls of the Cinquantenaire Park historic complex, the museum collections comprise more than 10 centuries of military and technology history, ranging from suits of armor, antique firearms and swords to armored vehicles and airplanes. Numerous paintings, sculptures, decorations, and military uniforms bring back to life the military history of this area.Closed on Mondays.
As of January 1, 2019, new entrance rates to the various War Heritage Institute sites apply.
Attention: payment only by bank or credit card!
Note: ticket-office closes at 4 p.m.
Museumpassmusées: Illimited access to more than 165 museums all over Belgium for one entire year for a mere 50 €. Valid for permanent collections and nice rebates on temporary exhibitions.
Ticket common to the 3 Jubilee Park museums (Autoworld, Royal Museum of Art and History and Royal Military Museum).
Valid for permanent exhibitions during 3 months. The ticket costs 22 euros and is sold at the 3 Museums reception desk.
Entrance Fee: 10 Euros (19and older)
Free entrance : First Wednesday of every month from 1 p.m. onwards
Suggested Duration:2-3 hours
Working Hours: Tue – Sun
9:00 AM – 5:00 PM

8.Military History Museum Berlin (Germany)
The Museum on the Berlin-Gatow airfield is a branch of the Bundeswehr Museum of Military History. Like its parent agency in Dresden, it does not see itself primarily as a museum of technical history, but rather as a modern museum of cultural history.The Museum in Dresden tells a general cultural history of violence, whereas the Berlin Museum focuses on aerial warfare as the most recent development in the military use of force.Visitors will learn how aerial warfare has altered our views on warfare. The following topics are at the center of our presentation:• Crossing Borders. Airplanes enable us to transport information, diplomats and casualties quickly and across borders. At the same time, the emergence of the aerial bombing warfare resulted in the abolition of the old dichotomy between front and hinterland.• Invisible Perpetrators, Invisible Victims. Among other things, aerial warfare is characterized by high speeds, tremendous ranges and increasingly huge kill capacities. These characteristics result in a depersonalization in the relationship between perpetrators and victims.• Cover instead of Flight. People on the ground are practically unable to escape the violence from the air. They are faced with sudden alarms and have to look for cover in cellars and holes in the ground.• Role Models. The role of a pilot has changed continuously over the years: In the eyes of his contemporaries, he was a daring technical pioneer and knight of the air, a daredevil, an engine operator and a flight engineer. Pilots were sacrificed and became killers. Not all pilots are men. What will be their role in an era of unmanned aviation?• Military and Society. The doctrines of employment and the manner of taking responsibility for the protection of lives reflect the political system and self-image of the various air forces. For that reason, military aviation cannot be examined separately but must be seen in the context of its social and political environment.The Museum of Military History on the Berlin-Gatow airfield sees itself a place of learning for military Bundeswehr personnel as well as interested visitors. As an interface between the military and society, it hopes to encourage discussions and to contribute towards the integration of the armed forces into public life in Germany.The museum collection contains more than 200 airplanes, numerous air defence systems and sensors, uniforms, equipment, art, documents and pictures (a total collection of 600,000 items).
Suggested Duration:2-3 hours
Tue – Sun
10:00 AM – 6:00 PM

9.Military Museum Praha (Czech Republic)
Vaclavske namesti 818/45 | Hotel Jalta reception, Prague 11000, Czech Republic

email: info@muzeum-studene-valky.cz
This is without a doubt one of the most interesting and unusual things I have done during all my various travels around the world. The Cold War Museum is one of those lesser known attractions that you won’t find in the majority of guide books or on any of the tourist street signs dotted around the city. To find this you have to be in the know. It is though one of those things that you will not easily forget – who after all can say that they have visited a Communist Nuclear Bunker?

This then is what the Museum is all about. Located beneath the Boutique (whatever that means) Hotel Jalta on Wenceslas Square, between the Vodafone store and Ramada Hotel, tours depart at 2pm most days costing 170 Czech Crowns. Not perhaps the cheapest attraction in the city, but given the somewhat unusual nature of the tour, excellent value for money.

10.Army Museum Paris (France)
As far as war museums go, it’s very comprehensive and history buffs will enjoy it. It’s large and can be a bit confusing at times, but worth a visit if you have some extra time in Paris. Napoleon’s tomb is large and impressive. Visit the great art museums first, and leave this until the end if time allows.
Le Musée de l’Armée, also known as the Army Museum, is a national military museum in the heart of Paris. The space was founded in 1905 and is a fascinating, inclusive collection of all things war related from the tumultuous military history that encompasses France.
The museum actually opened as a merging with a 1789 founded collection known as the Museum of Artillery as well as the Historical Museum of the Army.
The Musée de l’Armée is situated at Les Invalides in the 7th arrondissement. To get there you can take any of the metro’s to the Varenne or École Militaire stops. The museum is just a short walk from each.


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