The most famous salt pans in the world

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1.Salt Anana Valley (Spain)

http://www.vallesalado.com
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One of the most important cultural, architectural, environmental, landscape and archaeological sites in the world.
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2.Tuzla Salt Pan (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
It dates from 1891. The opening was preceded by the liberation of Bosnia and Herzegovina from Ottoman rule in 1878, the arrival of industrialization and the return of Western civilization with Austria-Hungary. As early as 1880, Austria-Hungary declared a state monopoly on salt. In 1885, the Simin Han Salt House was built. To date, Solana Tuzla has been continuously producing and operating. It has been a vehicle of development for the whole region. In 1884, a brown coal mine in Kreki was opened in Simin Han for the needs of Solana. At first it was part of Solana, for whose needs brown coal was extracted.
Investigations were continued on Trnovac Hill. The results were good, which motivated the Austro-Hungarian authorities to build another salt works. The facility in Kreka opened in the fall of 1891. Production started next year. When designing this salt works, the results of experimental industrial production of one boiler salt in Trnovac were applied. The new salt works at Kreka were more modern than those at Simin Han. The briquette has been expanded to produce salt for human and animal consumption. Water from Trnovac was collected in two collecting tanks with a total volume of about 194 cubic meters. The Kretan salt works were equipped with four boilers, and by 1905, the fifth and sixth, after the seventh, eighth and ninth boilers were built.
In the twenty years of its operation, a total of 20 industrial boilers have been built at the Simin Han plant and the Kreka plant, which were organizationally linked and jointly managed. They produced 20,000 tons of salt annually. After the opening of these salt works and the salt wells in Trnovac and Hukal, the Austro-Hungarian authorities allowed the old Ottoman well to be flooded. The well at Salt Square was excavated archaeologically in 2003 and preserved.
Salt was only iodized on the seventh boiler. On the eve of World War II, production was planned to be restored. It began with the construction of two production halls for boiling salt water and producing boiled salt. Construction work is planned on its own. The equipment was ordered from Germany, from Dresden. From Prague came the clay bricks, flour and automatic bearings. A lot of equipment was damaged during transportation. The preserved part was collected after the war. Until the partisan occupation of Tuzla in the fall of 1943, the salt works were operating normally. The salt they produced was transported to the territory under by partisan control. At the time of the partisan departure and the Axis occupation, the salt workers sabotaged the drive so that the enemy would not benefit from production. Four boilers were demolished, from 1 to 4. Mines of other boilers were mined, so salt production was completely stopped. A total of 13 boilers are in the NOB in the salt pans in Simin Han and Kreka, four are completely burned, and two boilers are partially damaged, 7 and 8. In September 1944, after the final partisan occupation of Tuzla, the destruction of the boilers began. After the final expulsion of war enemies, a more thorough rebuilding came, but with modest means. With the creation of a new state and salt works it was named “Solana Kreka in Tuzla”. The new company was founded by the decision of the Ministry of Mining of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia; no. 462/43/3 of 31 October 1946. It is registered for the production of salt water and salt, for sale salts for human consumption and animal feed and for reproduction. Solani was awarded the agricultural estate of Hambara in the post-war distribution in Jeginovo Lug near Kalesija. The workers farmed cattle and pigs through voluntary work and produced corn and wheat, fruits and vegetables for the canteen in Solana. By decree of 1951, salt was obliged to iodize to suppress goiter. The solution was designed by master Kadrija Hajdarhodzic in the short term. With its own solutions and minimal investment, the device is made from home-made equipment and materials in its own workshop. At the end of 1951, all boilers had this device, later applied to marine salt works. Solana was closed long afterwards, and on the 100th anniversary of the opening of the first Solana in Simin Han, Solana Kreka was transformed into the Solarium Museum. The Commission to Preserve National Monuments of Bosnia and Herzegovina has proclaimed the old Kreka salt works, the Museum of Salt with Movable Heritage, the salt well complex with a pumping station and the Ottoman salt well as a national monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
3.Pag Salt Valley (Hrvatska)- In terms of its chemical properties, Pag sea salt is similar to other sea salts, but based on its appearance, purity, granulation and the shape of its crystals (regular cubes), non-astringent flavor and uniform quality, it differs from all other sea salts.
Pag salt is entirely white, without any impurities visible to the naked eye.
Since the crystallization proceeds under strictly controlled conditions, it has a flavor similar to fleur de sel (salt obtained at the very start of crystallization and collected from the surface of ponds).
Salt production complies with all valid national laws and European Union regulations, from the capture of seawater to the final product. Solana Pag has its own laboratory which is licensed by the Croatian Health Ministry to conduct sea salt analysis.
Solana Pag d.d. has held the BVQI HACCP certificate since 2006. It first obtained the BVQI ISO 14001:2015 certificate in 2011. It has had the Kosher Certification since 2008, and the Croatian Designation of Authenticity since 2017.
Solana Pag is a proud winner of the Best Buy Award
“From the sea or elsewhere. THE SEA IS THE BEST!” with the highlighted Best Buy Award medal.
Solana Pag – the best salt on the Croatian market
The salt produced by Solana Pag has received the Best Buy Award medal based on Best Buy Award DEEPMA special research in 2010/2011, in which Solana Pag convincingly won first place in the “table salt” category.
Best Buy Award research was conducted in Croatia by the respected global market research institute Gfk SE, and the aim of the research was to ease the search for products with the best price-to-quality ratio on the Croatian goods and services market.
Solana Pag d.d.
Svilno bb, 23250 Pag
OIB: 34949147151
IBAN: HR1424020061100386982
Contact numbers – switchboard
+385 (0)23 611 051
+385 (0)23 611 171
Contact numbers – sales
+385 (0)23 611 021
+385 (0)23 611 071
Fax. +385 (0)23 611 124
E-mail address
solana-pag@solana-pag.hr
prodaja@solana-pag.hr
Social networks
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Solana pag d.d.
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Šubićeva 36, 10000 Zagreb
Contact numbers
+385 (0)1 4818 700
+385 (0)1 4815 463
+385 (0)1 4815 464
Fax. +385 (0)1 4818 500
http://www.solana-pag.hr

4.Ston Salt Valley (Croatia)- The History
The area of Ston thanks to its geographical position, fertile fields, abundance of water and salinity, natural resources as well as a short peninsula which connects Pelješac with the main land, became a very important residence area for people. Solana dates back to the Roman times, two thousand years B.C. In ancient times the area was inhabitated by the Ilyrians and Greeks and from 167 B.C. the Roman rule begins and this is the first time that exploitation and salt collecting is mentioned in are Ston area.The Ston salt pans are the oldest in Europe and the largest preserved ones in the history of the Mediterranean. Way back in 877. The Ston diocese is mentioned, so it is assumed that this is the oldest diocese on Croatian ethnic space. The Romans leave behind them the distribution of the Ston fields and the name of this area Stagnum – Stamnum which means stagnant or still water. This indeed is an indicationthat already in those times there was salinity and that the name came from the natural characteristics of the area – the salt pans.
After a turbulent history and various rulings in 1333 Ston becomes an integral part of the Dubrovnik Republic. Along with Dubrovnik, Ston was economically and strategically the most important place in the Dubrovnik Republic and the second town in Europe that was built planned and it came from the salt that brought 1/3 of the income to the Dubrovnik Republic. To protect the pans monumental walls were built in the 14th and 15th century and they were a reflection to the Dubrovnik walls and the fortresses carry the same names. The largest enterprise during those times was the construction of two new towns as part of the Dubrovnik Republic – Ston and Mali Ston and a mile long wall between them with a tower on top of the hill (14th century). This is how the whole Pelješac peninsula was protected from potential attacks from the land in order to preserve the biggest value in the depths of the bay „Ston slat pans“ which for centuries produced sea salt which was the best selling product of the Dubrovnik Republic. The former value of Ston as the city of salt is confirmed even nowadays in the plant of the oldest active salt pans in the world.
The tradition of harvesting salt has been passed on for over 4000 years and since then salt is produced in the same way with only the assistance of the sea, sun and wind. Solana Ston consists of 58 pools divided into 5 groups as the whole sat producing process has to go through five stages which last one to two months depending on weather conditions.There are nine pools for the crystallization process and all but one Mundo (world) are named after saints (Francis, Nicholas, Balthazar, Anthony, Joseph, John, Peter and Paul). During the Dubrovnik Republic times the pools Blaise and Lazarus which have granite bottoms were also used and from which the purest salt was extracted and was then sent to the Wienna court. Salt is produced by a process of sea water evaporation in the big shallow pools of the salt pans and the harvest and salt production takes place during the summer months, more precisely from April to October. From the nine crystallization pools you can harvest about 500 tons of salt annually.In the Dubrovnik Republic during salt harvest time all the inhabitants of Ston and the surrounding areas that were of working age were involved in the harvest as salt production has always been of extraordinary economic importance. Production, transport and trade of salt in the economic sense in Ston was of big importance and brought a profit of 15,900 gold coins per year to the Dubrovnik Republic which was the highest profit. Ston with its present arrangement dating back to the Dubrovnik Republic times represents the complexity of the salt production from the Middle ages and is a top class historical monument and is a very popular tourist site. The method of salt production has not changed over the centuries and in such environmentally friendly and healthy conditions guarantees maintenance of excellent salt quality which meets all the needs of today’s modern times.

http://www.solanaston.hr
https://hr.wikipedia.org/
photo: http://www.unsplash.com

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