Although it has been the epitome of a precarious state for years, Colombia is a South American country that over time becomes a real draw for tourists from all over the world. Colombia can be divided into three entities: the coasts (Atlantic and Pacific coast), the Andes and the eastern lowlands (Amazonas and Llanos). The magnificent snow-capped Andes cover a third of the country and are divided into three mountain ports (eastern, western and central Cordillera). The vast Amazon lowlands with the mighty Amazon River and tropical rain forests in the far south of the country, the wild and hard-to-reach Pacific and somewhat gentle and densely populated Caribbean coasts, marvelous national parks, famous Colombian coffee (el tinto), rhythms of salsa, cumbia or vallanta and fat and friendly hosts are some of the ratlogues for visiting Colombia.
The capital Bogota is located at 2640 meters above sea level. Colombians are known around the world for the fact that family is their first priority in life. They help each other. When a family member goes for a better job out of state, he sends some of his money to relatives at home. On Sundays, part of the streets in Bogota close and cyclists, walkers and roller coasters enjoy it. The reason is the limitation of the number of days to drive the city. The driving schedule depends on the mark on the registration. This list is Eco-friendly to keep the city and air cleaner and nicer.
The oldest colonial city district is El Calanderio. It has narrow streets with houses over 300 years old, Simon De Bolivar Square, interesting balconies and the terrifying Cerro de Montserrat cliff. The locals sell souvenirs, homemade food, tropical fruit drinks and cocktails and typical country products here. Bogota has over 70 museums. The most famous is the Museo del Oro Museum of Gold, which holds the world’s largest collection of Native American pre-Columbian artifacts (over 50,000 exhibits). The most important item in the museum is a small golden raft, which depicts a gilding or a special rite in which the new ruler of the Andean tribe was covered with Chibchev with gold dust. The raft was found on the shores of Lake Guatavita where European gold rush began. At that time, the Spanish conquerors believed that there was a Golden City and a large collection of precious gold items. For Guatavita, some people think it’s a volcano crater, while other people think a meteor has fallen in that place.
Near the town, driving through a wonderfully hilly area through the cultivated fields, you reach the Zipaquira Cathedral, which was built 200 meters below the surface of the mine andsalts. Salt Cathedral is known as one of the biggest attractions in Colombia. Driving further through the Middle Cordillas along a dangerous road full of serpentine and palm trees, you reach the Cafetero Zone 3000 meters above sea level. This is the last place on Earth where all products are made by hand without the use of machines. You can probably try one of the best coffee in the world.
El Parque Nacional del Cafe is located in Quindio. It features coffee processing, an amusement park and thousands of souvenirs made from fragrant coffee beans. You can drink Granizada drinks (coffee, ice, whipped cream, chocolate dressing and caramel dressing). The Kavovac bush thrives at an altitude of 1600 meters. It grows to within two meters. The fruits are harvested when they turn red. The coffee beans are roasted at 218 ° C in the drying process. The oils that give the coffee a familiar aroma are best excreted at this temperature. Colombian coffee has on average 50% less caffeine (than European) because of the lengthy roasting process and type of coffee.
In Colombia the distances are great. The road infrastructure is solid with a maximum speed of 30km / h.
Traditional makas houses can be used to stay while visiting Amacayac National Park (in the Amazon Valley of the Amazonas). The only way to tour this southernmost part of the country is through an organized tour through an agency in Colombia. This is due to distance from populated areas and insecurity (cocaine cartels have numerous coca fields nearby). This is the end of the famous rainforests, endless tree canopies and unusual animals (jaguars, poisonous snakes, beaters, tarantulas). In the great Amazon River, you can see pink dolphins threatened with extinction. Close to Puerto Narino (formerly the main cocaine smuggling terminal) is a quiet spot on Aamazona with excellent indigenous cuisine. The Amazon area is full of yellow mosquitoes so guests should get vaccinated against yellow fever. It is recommended to use malaria tablets.
In the north of the country is the picturesque colonial city of Cartagena. The warm Caribbean climate is present here. This is where Islas de Rosario National Park is located, known for its most beautiful Playa Bianca beach. It is decorated with tall palm trees, crystal clear sea, white sand and friendly and patient hosts. The city is next to the most important port from which gold is transported to European countries. The city used to be the most important port of arrival for ships with slaves from Africa who came to work on plantations and in mines. Unlike inland, the Caribbean coast is inhabited predominantly black population. Santa Marta is the starting point for trekking trips to Ciudad Perdid (Lost Place), which has been the seat of Tayron natives for almost a thousand years. In 1972, a group of adventurers discovered this terraced archeological site. Tyrona National Park is a place of wild pristine sandy beaches surrounded by coconut palms in a hidden jungle. The sound of powerful waves, flocks of pelicans, white herons will give you unforgettable moments. Each beach is interesting and unusual in its own way. You can sleep in “hamacas” – hanging nets in the middle of coconut palms. The greatest wealth of the country is the diversity of natural and cultural pearls.
The tagline of the Columbia Tourist Board says: The only danger is that you want to stay here forever. ”