The capital city of Mexico has a population of over 22 million. The main market is Zȯcalo. A popular square is the Square of Three Cultures (pre-Columbian, colonial, and independent Mexican cultures). This square is dominated by the remains of the Tlatelolca ritual center, around which the culture from the three mentioned periods spread. The home of Mariachi music is Plaza Garibaldi. Mariachi (settled from the Mexican state of Jalisco in Mexico City) has lived in this square since 1920. Here are restaurants with tequila and tacos. There is the Basilica of Guadalupe — the most visited Catholic shrine in America. Legend has it that in this place in 1531 the Virgin Mary (brown skin color) appeared to the Indian Juan Diego. She was later named Virgin of Guadalupe and became the patron saint of Mexico. On December 12, every year, many pilgrims come to mark the anniversary of her apparition. An abundance of souvenirs can be purchased with the shrine.
Zȯcalo’s Main Square is the largest square in the world. These are Metropolitan Cathedral and National Palace. The period of construction of the cathedral ranged from 1525 to 1813 and it noted various styles of construction (classicist, baroque and neoclassical). It has 5 altars and 16 chapels, valuable paintings and church furniture. The entire eastern side of the square is occupied by the National Palace. Previously, it housed the palace of the Aztec ruler of Montezuma, which became the home of the colonizer of Cortés. In 1562 the present palace was built in the Baroque style of construction. It was the residence of the Mexican kings and the center of government. After independence in 1821, it became the residence of President Mexico. The main attraction is the murals of Diego Rivera painted from 1929 to 1935. They celebrate the troubled Mexican history. Right next to Zȯcalo is located Templ Mayor (the main temple of the Aztecs), which was the center of the ancient city before colonization. The Juarez Avenue houses the 1905 Palace of Fine Arts. The Art Deco interior features colored murals and interesting lighting. New York-based Tiffany Studio made glass mosaics. The building houses murals by the most famous painters Diego Rivera, Rufino tamayo, Jose Clement Orozco. The Latin American Visk Tower is 44 stories high (182 meters) and offers a beautiful view of the city. Paseo de la Reforma Street connects the historic center and Chapultepec. There are unusual monuments (a bronze statue of Diana hunting, the Angel of Independence).
The home of the most original Mexican painter Frieda Kahlo (1907-1954) is in a part of town called Coyoacān. This painter is often mentioned in the context of the pain she has lived with all her life, suffering severe injuries (after a car accident) at a young age.
In Mexico, pesos are used but USA $ is well accepted. Public transportation is a subway or a city bus or a pre-rented taxi (from the airport). You should try corn flour tortillas with different fillings or tacos with chicken and cheese and a side dish of red beans. A mandatory drink is tequila, which is usually served with lime and salt. It is worth buying clothes with ethno details, Aztec sculptures and ornaments or silver jewelry with semi precious stones. Thursdays for the Bazar del Sabado Market at San Jacinto Plaza in San Angelo.
The National Anthropological Museum in Chapultepec is open daily from 9am to 7pm (except Mondays). It is one of the most imposing museums of its kind in the world. It offers archaeological and ethnological exhibits from ancient Mexico. Each room represents a specific region of the state or civilization. The Aztec calendar is an imposing exhibit at the museum. It is dedicated to the main Aztec deity – the Sun. It is a basalt stone reel weighing 24 tons and 3.6 meters in diameter. The stone reel has a mythological and astrological meaning.
There are two sites outside the city that are under UNESCO protection. It’s Xochimilca (20 kilometers southeast). It is possible to use the metro and the train. These are canals and semi-flooded gardens with flowers and vegetables originating in Aztec. Boat colorful and colorful rowboats.
Another site worth visiting is Teotihuacan (47 kilometers northeast of Mexico City). The name of the place says that “this is the place where people become gods.” 125,000 people once lived in this ceremonial center with temples, palaces and pyramids.