The Great Wall of China is a symbol of Chinese history and a reminder of the vulnerability of the empire. It stretches across the landscapes of China passing many beautiful hills, valleys and deserts. It is longer than the Nile (the longest river in the world). The wall was built to defend the Huns and Mongols who still defeated China. A mixture of rice and lime was used on the wall sections as a binder.
Marko Polo never mentioned the Great Wall in his travelogues. The Chinese call this wall a public cemetery in the world because a large number of people have lost their lives building a wall and fighting on the wall.
The “Great Wall of 10,000 Lia” (Wan Li Chang Cheng) is the greatest pride of the Chinese people. Li is a half meter Chinese unit (a suggestive name says the wall is 5,000 kilometers long). In China, the meaning of the number 10,000 is infinite, so it is an “infinitely long wall.” In the 5th century BC, the first wall construction began during the famous Ming Dynasty. Satellite measurements and the latest research say that the total length of all branches of a wall is 8,851.8 kilometers (wall and natural deflected obstacles). The wall was used for defense and communication. The Great Wall of China extends from the Bo Hai Sea in the east to Lop Nur Lake in Xinjiang Province. Many parts of the wall were destroyed during the war or over time. There are parts that have been restored and that tourists can visit.
By private transportation or excursions it is possible to visit the wall from Beijing. There are usually six sections of the wall that are safe for walking. They make an ideal day trip because they are 50 to 100 kilometers away from downtown Beijing. Badaling is the most visited part of the wall. One can visit the Great Wall Museum and the amphitheater in addition to visiting the Great Wall. Simatai is also a visited part of the Great Wall. This is a 19 kilometer wall with tall, densely lined towers and steep climbs. The distance between the towers is such that each part of the wall is defensible by arrows. Here, some parts of the wall are tilted 70 degrees. In one part there is only a narrow path with a drop of 500 meters from which offers an unforgettable panoramic view of the city. Halfway along the wall there is a cable car that is recommended because of the view of the landscape from high. It is possible to walk to the other part of the Jinshanling wall from 3 hours (10 kilometers away). There are no souvenir shops or stalls on the wall. In each tower sits a person who sells drinks or souvenirs at agreed prices. Before reaching the end of the wall, it is necessary to cross the river mouth into the lake with a wire bridge. The lake can be hiking or descending on the wire. You can sail the lake for the end of your visit to this third millennium wonder.