Fluctuations in sex hormones (estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone) in women depend on the woman’s age, character, lifestyle, and environmental conditions. Sex hormones differently affect libido, mood, energy levels and brain function.
Sex hormones for ages 20-30: The ovaries produce estrogen porgesterone and testosterone, which stabilizes the women’s monthly cycle. Reproductive capacity is increased. This means a lot of energy, increased libido, optimal cognitive ability and less pronounced mood changes. Monthly cycles in women are fairly regular with less pronounced uterine spasm.
Recommendations: Omega-3 fatty acids block the action of prostaglandins, so it is recommended to include foods containing them (oily fish, nuts, flax seeds) in the week before the start of the monthly cycle. A thermophore (or plastic bottle with warm water) placed on your stomach significantly reduces pain. A high level in this decade of life maintains the flexibility of the arteries and prevents buildup. As the years go by, the risk of heart disease increases.
Continuation (or beginning) of physical exercise regimen. After 20 minutes of physical activity, the body begins to burn triglycerides. Elevated levels of LDL (bad cholesterol) or triglyceride may be due to the action of contraceptive pills. In this case a consultation with a gynecologist is necessary.
Sex hormones 30-40 years of age: Fluctuation of estrogen, testosterone and progesterone takes place at a predictable pace. The total proportion of these hormones begins to decline as you prepare for menopause. Milder changes in energy levels and libido are possible, which are diminished due to decreased estrogen and testosterone levels. The duration and amount of menstrual blood are regular. Women who have already given birth may notice a decrease in cramps due to cervical dilation.
Recommendations: Use iron in the form of a supplement or via foods rich in this mineral to raise energy levels. Estrogen deficiency promotes weight gain on the stomach. A belly volume greater than 89 centimeters significantly increases the risk of diabetes and heart disease. The process of building bone mass is slowed down. Exercises that overcome weight resistance (aerobic, walking or dancing) for higher bone density are recommended. During this decade of life, the epidermis is no longer rich in hyaluronic acid (which retains water reserves). The process of cell renewal and collagen formation is slowed down. The skin loses its youthful glow and tightness. The acne tendency is increased (sebum still produces testosterone). The use of hyaluronic acid-based creams and serums, exfoliation preparations, herbal estrogen preparations (soy, red clover extract) and grape seed extract are recommended. At this age, sugar intake should be reduced as it raises testosterone hormone levels, lowers estrogen levels (high energy drop, mood swings from tenderness to anger in an instant, migraines, insomnia and pain) and reduces skin elasticity.
Sex hormones 40-50 years old: This is an introduction to peri-menopause (a transition phase) characterized by a sudden drop in estrogen and testosterone and hormonal problems. Sudden mood swings, irritability, valunga, insomnia, energy shortages and a decrease in libido are possible. Uneven hormone fluctuations cause bleeding between women’s monthly cycles, scarce, long or short monthly cycles, absence of cycles, and cramps.
Recommendations: Severe cycle cramps may indicate uterine fibroids, polyps, or adenomyosis. The absence of a cycle followed by heavy bleeding can be a sign of a more serious disorder, so the person should consult a doctor and arrange a checkup. A mandatory measure of prevention is monthly breast self-examination and consultation with a mammogram doctor.
Sex hormones over the age of 50: The basic characteristics of menopause are the production of eggs and hormones in the ovaries. The adrenal gland takes over the production of other hormones (that’s 10 times less than earlier). Decreased estrogen levels in some women cause frequent mood swings, depression, physical weakness, irritability, and valunge although there are women who do not have any of these symptoms. The absence of a 12-month monthly cycle is a sure sign that menopause has begun. Prior to this, most women have minor bleeding, multiple months of cycle failure, and cycle recurrence after some time.
Recommendations: any physical activity alleviates uterine spasms and symptoms of menopause. Physical activity causes the production of the hormone endorphin responsible for good mood, which protects against the onset of insomnia, joint stiffness and heart disease.