1. The capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina is situated on the banks of the Miljacka River, which flows into the Bosnia River after a journey of 35.9 kilometers. On the Miljacka River there are destinations of bridges, some of which date back to the time of Turkish rule. The Miljacka River has two major problems: low water levels and pollution.
2. In Sarajevo, the tardy of drinking coffee is known. There are three coffees: the first morning to wake up, the later morning to hang out, and the coffee served to the guests and indicates the time of parting with the guests.
3. Baščaršija (Turkish Baş-main) is the oldest part of the city popularly called “the heart of Sarajevo”. It is located on the north bank of the Miljacka River. This small square is dominated by a wooden fountain (sebilj). The word “sebilj” is of Arabic origin. It has the meaning “building on the road where there is water”. There used to be a clerk who used to fill vessels with water and distribute them to thirsty passers-by.
4. The famous travel writer Evli Chelebi says that in 1660 there were about 300 wooden fountains in Sarajevo. In 1697 most wooden fountains were destroyed in a large fire engulfing the city of Sarajevo.
5. Today, only one wooden fountain is preserved in a small square in the old town. It was modeled after burned fountains. Alexader Wittek architect from the Austrian-Hungarian period designed this wooden fountain. It was built in 1913.
6. Today, around this single wooden fountain, pigeons gather that passers-by can feed. This is the most photographed object.
7. The elderly part of the town of Baščaršija was founded in 1462. The year 1462 is considered the year of founding of the capital Sarajevo. It was founded by Isha-bey Ishakovic, a Turkish governor. Here you can feel how things used to be.
8. It is estimated that as many as 80 kinds of old crafts existed in Sarajevo in the 16th century. Among them are blacksmiths, tanneries, locksmiths, confectioners and others. The 16th century is a period when the old part of Sarajevo is booming.
9. In 1530, the Gazi-husrev bey builds the famous Bey’s mosque. It is one of the most significant sacral objects in the city. In the 17th century, an earthquake changed the image of what was then Sarajevo. 1878 The Austro-Hungarian occupation of Sarajevo comes with many architects and builders who leave a positive mark on the city, constructing many beautiful buildings and structures.
10. Today, Sarajevo is a modern and urban European city with the old part of the state-protected Baščaršija monument.