Most sunburns do not occur on the beach but due to accidental sun exposure during daily activities. In young children, the most important thing is to avoid going out in the sun during the strongest radiation of harmful UV rays. In the northern hemisphere, this time is common from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. If the children need to be in the sun then, be sure to use the cream with the greatest protective factor, even if the children are playing in the yard under the trees. During cloudy and cold days, UV rays travel through the clouds. They are reflected on sand, water and concrete. Clouds and pollution do not filter UV rays. They can give a false sense of security. This “invisible” sun can cause burns and skin damage. Children are often unaware that the sun burns them when it is cloudy. For example, a breeze cools the surface of the skin.
There are plenty of different creams on the market to protect sensitive baby skin. A convenient form to wear / use is a spray protection cream. The most important is the degree of protection in creams with a protective factor. The most important is the SPF mark on creams. The protection factor SPF 15 (and higher) is for children older than 6 months. Make sure that the cream clearly states that it protects against UVA and UVB rays. Avoid creams that contain the ingredient PABA to avoid allergies. If your child has sensitive skin, choose a cream whose ingredient is titanium dioxide.
Preventive measures to protect children from harmful UV rays:
– Babies up to 6 months of age should never be exposed to the sun. Children under the age of one should not be exposed to direct sunlight.
– Avoid staying in direct sunlight from 11 a.m. to 3 p.m.
– Even in the shade, use products with a suitable protection factor, umbrellas, hats and appropriate clothing
– Don’t forget eye protection. Use quality sunglasses with UVA filters
– Use products with the appropriate UVA and UVB factor (minimum SPF 15)
– Make sure the products you use are compatible with baby’s sensitive skin
– Repeat the application of sunscreen every hour or two, especially after bathing, sweating or toweling.
– Use waterproof sunscreen products. While bathing, have the child wear a T-shirt
– For clothing, use densely woven materials (twill, denim, jeans, or silk) that provide the greatest protection against harmful UV radiation