The pandemic and epidemiological crisis has stopped the whole world. The traumas left by major crises like wars and pandemics affect all the inhabitants of every state. They cause immeasurable stress, various diseases, job loss, lack of money and ultimately mortality. However, among the most exposed and helpless are the homeless.
Homelessness is defined as a condition in which there are people who do not have the possibility of adequate housing. They live in non-standard facilities that cannot be considered home, or live “on the road”. It can occur due to local or regional unemployment, war, pandemic, mental instability (long-term stay in psychiatric hospitals). It can arise as a combination of the above factors. The homeless are a group of people who are extremely vulnerable today at the time of the corona-virus pandemic. Many humanitarian organizations, public kitchens, the Red Cross with volunteers, individual volunteers, various networks for the homeless have been making a huge effort for years to help them in any way. The work engagement of these organizations (individuals) in recent months is still heroic today. Any person who has a home, a job, a normal life can always and everywhere help these people. Help does not always have to be material, although food, hygiene supplies, medicines, clothes and shoes are the most important products that you are sure to help each of these unfortunate people. It should always be borne in mind that every person can become homeless at any moment with the blink of an eye and a combination of circumstances.
How is homeless person?
A portion of the homeless population are generally in transit, but there is no generally accepted terminology to describe them; some nomenclature is frequently associated with derogatory connotations, and thus the professional and vernacular lingo to describe these persons is both evolving and not lacking in controversy. Much of the concern stems from the European situation, where homeless persons of Roma, Sinti and other ethnic descent have rejected the term gypsy, which they view as a racial slur. Other terms which some use regarding in-transit persons are: transient, vagabond, tramp or drifter. Occasionally, these terms are interchanged with terms not necessarily implying that the person is a traveler, e.g. hobo. The pejorative term bum is used for persons who are alleged to be lacking a work ethic. The term transient is frequently used in police reports, without any precise definitions across .
In most countries of the world, there are shelters or housing units for the homeless. Accommodation capacities depend on the size and financial resources of shelters and accommodation units. Shelters usually operate in two shifts. During the day from 7 to 12 and at night from 19 to 8 the next morning. Accommodation capacities depend on the size of the housing community in which the homeless reside permanently. It should be noted that the homeless often join Homeless Associations following the example of associations in other countries. Through their Associations, the homeless can perform various jobs and activities through which they earn money. For example, it is common for homeless people to publish their magazines with the help of associations. Citizens can help the homeless by purchasing their magazine on homelessness and related social topics.
In New York City in 1989, a street newspaper was created called Street News which put some homeless to work assisting with writing, producing, and mostly selling the paper on streets and trains. Street News was written pro bono by a combination of homeless, celebrities, and established writers. In 1991, in England, a street newspaper following the New York model was established, called The Big Issue which is published weekly. Its circulation has grown to 300,000. Street News began publication in October 1989, founded by its Editor-In-Chief, rock musician Hutchinson Persons, founder of Street Aid and Wendy Oxenhorn (then Koltun). It was funded by individuals and Corporations like Cushman and Wakefield as well as selling advertising space in the paper. New York Times president Lance Primis joined the organization’s Board of Advisors and gave special assistance. It was launched with advertisements on subways and buses donated by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority and the homeless sales force was given permission to sell Street news on the trains, weeks after panhandling was declared illegal on the subways.
Another option is busking: performing tricks, playing music, drawing on the sidewalk, or offering some other form of entertainment in exchange for donations. In cities where plasmapheresis (blood donation) centers still exist, homeless people may generate income through visits to these centers. Many non-profit organizations such as Goodwill Industries “provide skill development and work opportunities to people with barriers to employment”, though most of these organizations are not primarily geared toward homeless individuals. Goodwill operates as a network of independent, community-based organizations in South Korea, Venezuela, Brazil, Mexico, Panama, Uruguay, the United States, Canada, and 8 other countries, with 162 local Goodwills in the United States and Canada. It slowly expanded from its founding in 1902 and was first called Goodwill in 1915.
The wall of kindness and finding returnable bottles and cans to earn money
The wall of kindness is a charity work phenomenon and a kind of welfare, usually done by attaching cloth hangers from outside of houses; those encourage people to donate miscellaneous useful things such as winter clothing. It was introduced by an anonymous Iranian, and the practice quickly spread throughout the country. The motto of the movement are two sentences which appear on the walls: “Leave what you don’t need” and “Take what you do”.
Homeless people can also provide waste management services to earn money. Some homeless people find returnable bottles and cans and bring them to recycling centers to earn money. For example, they can sort out organic trash from other trash or separate out trash made of the same material (for example, different types of plastics, and different types of metal). Especially in Brazil, many people are already engaged in such activities. In addition, rather than sorting waste at landfills. They can also collect litter found on / beside the road to earn an income. Invented in 2005, in Seattle, Bumvertising, an informal system of hiring homeless people to advertise, has provided food, money, and bottles of water to sign-holding homeless in the Northwest. Homeless advocates have accused its founder, Ben Rogovy, and the process, of exploiting the poor and take particular offense to the use of the word “bum” which is generally considered pejorative
The homeless in The United States of America
In 2005, an estimated 100 million (1 in 65 at the time) people worldwide were homeless and as many as 1 billion people live as squatters, refugees or in temporary shelter, all lacking adequate housing. Historically in the Western countries, the majority of homeless have been men (50–80%), with single males particularly over-represented. In 2015, the United States reported that there were 564,708 homeless people within its borders, one of the higher reported figures worldwide. These figures are likely underestimates as surveillance for the homeless population is challenging.
When compared to the general population, people who are homeless experience higher rates of adverse physical and mental health outcomes. Chronic disease severity, respiratory conditions, rates of mental health illnesses and substance use are all often greater in homeless populations than the general population. Homelessness is also associated with a high risk of suicide attempts. People experiencing homelessness have limited access to resources and are often disengaged from health services, making them that much more susceptible to extreme weather events (e.g., extreme cold or heat) and ozone levels. These disparities often result in increased morbidity and mortality in the homeless population.
From homeless to the world known artist
One of the most famous homeless people is Ion Bîrlădeanu. He was born in 1946 in Romania. Ion B. is now a prominent Romanian artist working on collages in the style of pop art. For many years he lived as a homeless man among garbage containers. He lived in severe misery and poverty, struggling to survive. He hails from the village of Zăpodeni in northeastern Romania. He comes from a family in which his father was a strict and violent local communist leader. The mother was a difficult person, who had a cold relationship with him.
At 20, Ion runs away from home. He worked as a gravedigger, port worker and similar hard workers. He spent some time in prison for resenting the local communist authorities. Since 1989, Ion has been homeless. He dreamed of becoming a film director. He cut out characters from magazines, put them together and pasted them on paper in new ways. This is how pictures were created – collages. He called them his films. In 30 years, he has made over 1000 such collages. Some collages ironically criticize the political situation in Romania during the reign of Nicolae Ceaușescu.
The owner of a gallery in Romania accidentally found out about him in 2008. He was delighted and fascinated by his paintings. He helped him find an apartment. He published his paintings at an exhibition. That was the beginning of success. In the following years, Ion Bîrlădeanu became one of the leading contemporary Romanian artists. He exhibits paintings in London, Paris and other European cities. Since Ion is not homeless, he has made about 300 new collages in addition to the previous 1000 works.
Documentary “The World According to Ion B.” It was filmed about this homeless man. The film won an Emmy Award for Best Documentary in 2011. The film has won numerous other awards.
How to help homeless people and non-profit companies and foundations
Good people are always present among us. These heroes help in the best possible ways. Cash donations for Elephants to accommodate the homeless, equipment, purchase of bedding and blankets. by buying food, clothing, footwear, medicines and all the products that other people need and use on a daily basis. Volunteering will never stop as long as there are good people in the world. There are numerous humanitarian telephones for people who are always busy with business engagements. By dialing the telephone number, you are directly helping the Associations and Humanitarian Organizations that care for this fragile population.
The web portals of the Red Cross, charities and various homeless services are updated daily so you can be informed where your money is going. Each action is explained separately and transparently before the start of implementation.
In 2002, research showed that children and families were the largest growing segment of the homeless population in the United States, and this has presented new challenges, especially in services, to agencies. Some trends involving the plight of homeless people have provoked some thought, reflection and debate. One such phenomenon is paid physical advertising, colloquially known as “sandwich board men”.
The Edna McConnell Clark Foundation (also McConnell Clark Foundation, Clark Foundation, or EMCF) is a New York-based institution that currently focuses on providing opportunities for low-income youth (ages 9–24) in the United States. The Foundation makes large, long-term investments, frequently in partnership with other funders, in programs with proven outcomes and growth potential to meet the urgent needs of disadvantaged young people. The foundation previously worked in criminal justice reform, systematic school reform, tropical disease research, and child protection.
In 1999, EMCF began to concentrate its resources on economically disadvantaged young people and the organizations that served them. It now focuses on helping high performing nonprofits develop business plans, organizational capacity, and evidence of their programs’ effectiveness so they can expand their programming. In 2007, it committed $39 million and raised $81 million from other organizations and individuals to support three of its most promising grantees. The Foundation has given over $762 million in grants since 1970, and as of September 30, 2013 its assets were approximately $954.5 million. President Nancy Roob has led EMCF since 2005.
Homeless people, and homeless organizations, are sometimes accused or convicted of fraudulent behavior. Criminals are also known to exploit homeless people, ranging from identity theft to tax and welfare scams. These incidents often lead to negative connotations on the homeless as a group.
There is sometimes corruption and theft by the employees of a shelter, as evidenced by a 2011 investigative report by FOX 25 TV in Boston wherein a number of Boston public shelter employees were found stealing large amounts of food over a period of time from the shelter’s kitchen for their private use and catering. The homeless are often obliged to adopt various strategies of self-presentation in order to maintain a sense of dignity, which constrains their interaction with passers-by and leads to suspicion and stigmatization by the mainstream public.
Due to the stigma attached to the term, consequences have arisen. Fear is a major consequence. Many people fear the homeless due to the stigma surrounding the homeless community. Surveys have revealed that before spending time with the homeless, most people fear them, but after spending time with the homeless, that fear is lessened or is no longer there. Another effect of this stereotype is isolation. Homeless people often experience isolation. This gives the homeless community no say in how things are. No one really listens to them.
In October 2009, The Boston Globe carried a story on so-called cyber-begging, or Internet begging, which was reported to be a new trend worldwide.