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Canker sores are small wounds that form in the oral cavity most often on the inside of the lip or cheek. They are harmless although they can be painful and irritating. The exact cause of small sores is not known. They can occur as a result of decreased immunity, genetic predisposition or lack of vitamins or minerals, problems with digestion, food sensitivity, injuries (bites) of the tongue or the inside of the cheeks, due to dentures that make a person itch, improper brushing, fever due to disease , stress, mental tension, anxiety, gluten intolerance, bacterial and viral infections, allergies, fungal infections, anemia, fatigue, bodily injury, menstrual cycle, fever, hormonal disorder, cold, flu, exhaustion or poor nutrition. In addition to the above, canker sores occur as part of a skin disease, diseases of the digestive organs, cardiovascular diseases, connective tissue diseases, the consequences of leukemia or chemotherapy or radiation. It is common for these small wounds to reappear in the same person after a few months. Canker sores are wounds whose inside is white or yellow, while the outside is bright red. They cause the most discomfort to a person while eating or brushing their teeth. Small wounds last 7 to 14 days. In the case of these small sores in the mouth, it is not necessary to go to the doctor or dentist. If the wounds last longer than 3 weeks or the condition worsens then you should go to the doctor or dentist. It is considered that in people prone to the appearance of these small wounds, they occur twice a year. The formation of these wounds may be associated with taking certain medications, aspirin or those intended to treat osteoporosis. Canker sores are not contagious so they cannot be transmitted to another person.
Small canker sores: size 2 to 8 millimeters. They last 10 to 14 days.
Major aphthae: is larger and deeper, can last for several weeks. It can leave a scar.
A combination of several aphthae in the oral cavity: a group of a dozen smaller wounds.
Prevention: the body should be generally strengthened. Strong mechanical stimuli should be avoided (use a toothbrush with soft bristles, avoid scissors with sharp edges, etc.). Dental hygiene should be maintained regularly.
Rinsing the mouth, oral cavity and throat (without swallowing) with sage tea is always useful for the hygiene of the mouth, teeth, oral cavity and throat.