The accumulation of dental plaque results in diseases of the teeth and oral cavity. This colorless mass settles on tooth surfaces. It is home to a large number of bacteria. The health consequences of improper dental hygiene can be far-reaching (for example, cardiovascular problems and an increased risk of stroke).
The basic accessory for maintaining dental hygiene – a toothbrush is a basic tool in the fight against unwanted dental plaque. A brush of moderate hardness should be chosen. A synthetic fiber toothbrush should be chosen to reduce the possibility of bacteria remaining on the toothbrush. The head of the toothbrush should not be longer than 3 centimetres and wider than one centimetre. The fiber length of the toothbrush should not exceed 12 millimetres. The toothbrush should be changed every two to three months or earlier if it shows signs of wear. When buying a toothbrush, it is best to consult a pharmacist and dentist. Electric toothbrushes have become increasingly popular in recent years. Dentists recommend these brushes to people who have fixed dentures, crowns, dental bridges and implants. Devices that use a directed jet of water to clean your teeth are available on the market. They have shown good results in the fight against periodontitis.
Toothbrush accessories-toothbrushes cannot effectively contribute to all tooth surfaces. Therefore, the use of dental floss and interdental toothbrushes is advised. They make it easier to remove bacterial deposits from the interdental spaces and areas along the gums. It is possible to use mouthwashes with the recommendation of a dentist and pharmacist.
Proper tooth cleaning technique is important — apply a little toothpaste to a dry toothbrush. Place the toothbrush parallel to the row of teeth so that it rests on the gums at an angle of 45 degrees. Move the toothbrush slightly two to three times left and right so that the bristles reach the space between the teeth. Then brush your upper teeth with light downward motions. In the case of the lower teeth, the movements go upwards (always from the gums towards the top of the teeth). After cleaning the outside, clean the inside. Finally, clean the biting surfaces with back and forth movements. A regular routine should include cleaning the upper surface of the tongue. You should not force dental floss between your teeth. Gently insert the floss into the interdental space using gentle zigzag movements, following the curvature of the tooth.
Brush your teeth long enough and regularly – you should brush your teeth after each meal. The duration of this procedure should not be less than 3 minutes. As we are not always able to brush our teeth then it is recommended to use mouthwash which should partially help and remove some of the plaque. The minimum recommended frequency of brushing your teeth is twice a day — morning and evening.