The age of life when a child passes from childhood to adulthood and becomes an adult is called puberty. The name comes from the Latin word “pubertas” which means full maturation. With puberty, major physical, mental, and physical changes occur in the lives of boys and girls at the same time. With the cessation of growth, the period of puberty ends. Then, external and internal characteristics are achieved that characterize an adult capable of independent living, partnerships and obtaining their own offspring. The age at which puberty occurs varies greatly between human races. Genetic and social factors have a great influence. All external influences affect the maturation of the central nervous and neuroendocrine glands. This harmonious composition often seems to sound bad. We conclude that puberty is a challenge for the whole family.
Puberty brings change
The time, manner and speed of onset of puberty are very different. After the third year of life, the child grows evenly from 4 to 6 centimetres per year. The process of uniform growth lasts until puberty when intense growth in height is observed. The maximum growth acceleration in boys is up to the age of fourteen. The maximum growth acceleration in girls is up to the age of twelve. The body grows unevenly. Adolescents have disproportionately long arms and legs, large hands and feet. They are dissatisfied with the size of the nose and the distribution of adipose tissue. The internal organs increase. The average number of red blood cells and the amount of hemoglobin increase. Adipose tissue increases. It is arranged so that the body acquires contours characteristic of the child’s gender. The growth of the genitals and the appearance of hairiness indicate that the boy has stepped into the world of adults.
This usually happens around the age of thirteen. He will be concerned about the appearance of acne on the face and the temporary enlargement of one or two breasts. The increase in muscle mass and fat tissue with intensive growth means that boys become “stronger sex”. the development of the internal genitals and the width of the pelvis will begin. The final event in a girl’s pubertal life is the appearance of the first menstrual cycle. Then the rate of growth in height will slow down. Monthly bleeding is regulated in time and duration. The girl becomes capable of pregnancy and childbirth.
It is necessary to contact a doctor for advice
Consultation, examination and supervision of a doctor is desirable in case of premature or late appearance of the first signs of puberty. A detailed examination of the family and personal history of the parents’ pubertal development, previous illness, injury and the young person’s development so far is needed. Sometimes the child is referred to an endocrinologist for additional tests to determine possible therapy or normal monitoring of the normal variation of full maturation. False puberty most often occurs in girls (isolated breast enlargement, hairiness). In boys, late puberty occurs (usually the parental pattern is the same). It is less common for a pubertal disorder to be a sign of a serious genetic or endcrinological disease.
Puberty is actually a period of transition from childhood to adulthood. A young person should realize the functionality of an adult in all spheres of life. The appearance of body reshaping often causes dilemmas in a young person. Dissatisfaction with one’s appearance turns into rebellion against everything that is expected of a person. A lot is expected. To build emotional relationships outside the family and to build a sexual identity. In early adolescence, identification with a peer group of the same sex is characteristic. Thus, the challenges of body and soul transformation are shared and experiences of disagreement are exchanged with adults. Family idyll is often shaken by rebellions against school, parents, guardians, norms of behavior or dress. Parents who sailed into peaceful ports after sleepless nights with small children and suffered from childhood illnesses are faced with a “new” person in the family.
Young people need support and understanding
The war with the whole world and the young person’s struggle for independence in the family end with the acceptance of the child’s gender, sexual characteristics and personal personality. Self-confidence and self-esteem grow with the completion of physical and emotional maturation. Boys and girls are now capable of lasting partnerships. The whole of puberty is a steep climb that parents can more or less easily overcome. Parents are the biggest allies in the fight for independence. A young person needs a lot of understanding along the way. If parents lose patience they should seek professional help and advice. The most important thing is not to lose the trust of a young person who is preparing to separate from his parents and start an independent life.