A telephone booth is a telephone from which remote communication can be established using a telephone card or some other form of payment. Telephone booths are set up in locations where a large number of people move (squares, markets, main streets, railway buildings, bus stations, airport buildings and other public institutions). Despite their declining use, every settlement with more than 500 inhabitants should have at least one telephone booth for security reasons.
The first public telephone booth in the world was set up in the 19th century. In the beginning, this type of service was realized with the help of ordinary telephone devices. At the beginning of the 20th century, devices with automatic payment were gradually introduced. By putting the automatic telephone exchange into operation, public payphones that received coins are set up. After that, public payphones are placed outside the enclosed public spaces. After the First World War, the first closed free-standing cabins appeared. The first tokens were used during World War II. The next thirty years were marked by the gradual expansion of the network of public payphones, primarily in urban areas. The needs of the population for this type of services were then constantly higher than the number of payphones. During the 1980s (due to frequent changes in the value of money) tokens were introduced. Magnetic cards were introduced in the 1990s. In those years, chip cards were introduced and used as a means of payment. By inserting the card into the payphone, it is possible to make a call. Communication and data exchange between the payphone and the base center is realized with the help of a modem connection. Despite the fact that each payphone reports a malfunction to the base center with the help of an internal modem, there are currently a large number of faulty and vandalized payphones. Due to the growing expansion of mobile telephony, there has been a constant decline in their use since the beginning of the 21st century. Investing in the maintenance of public payphones is becoming unprofitable In the age of smartphones, payphones are less commonly used in Vienna. Vienna has decided to place defibrillators in them for easy use in order to give the remaining specimens new mercury.
In February 2020, Vienna Mayor Michael Ludwig inaugurated the first defibrillator booth on Rotenturmstraße. The initiative was created in cooperation with the City of Vienna, Telekom operator A1, the Pulse Association and the marketing company Gewista. By mid-2020, it is planned to equip an additional ten payphones with defibrillators. 2,444 payphones have been preserved throughout the city to this day.
In addition to the fact that the speakers have been given a new purpose with this initiative, they can call any emergency number free of charge. Gewista has placed its own billboard in each renovated payphone. In this way, it ensured the economy of the project.
The probability of survival of the patient (after cardiac arrest) is reduced by 10% per minute. After three minutes, irreparable damage occurs to the brain. Rapid first aid measures are therefore extremely important. So far, there are over 1,000 public defibrillators throughout Vienna. All public institutions (and emergency institutions, police and fire services) are equipped with these devices.