Moderate exposure of the skin to the sun helps in the synthesis of vitamin D. Vitamin D successfully promotes good mood. By using sunscreen, we get a faster tan. However, there are sunscreens on the market with chemical and mineral filters.
The U.S. state of Hawaii became the first state to ban heavy SPF sunscreens. More precisely, these are creams with ingredients harmful to coral reefs. About 14,000 tons of sunscreen end up in the oceans each year, according to The New York Times. The law will take effect from January 1, 2021. The law specifically focuses on banning creams containing two chemicals — oxybenzone and octoquinoxate. These chemicals are known to cause damage to coral reefs and other forms of marine life. According to this law, these two chemicals have been proven to damage the resilience of corals and the ability to adapt to climate change factors and prevent the formation of new corals. According to a 2018 BBC Television article, these chemicals are used in more than 3,500 sunscreen products.
On the other hand, ingredients that are not harmful to coral reefs are so-called mechanical filters. Mechanical filters are sometimes called mineral filters, more precisely zinc oxide or titanium oxide. Many cosmetic companies also agree that chemical filters are dangerous to health sometimes even carcinogenic. Some say that even the nanotechnology of mineral filters is not good for the skin. In the case of using ordinary mineral filters, the result would be white skin without tanned skin. Today, more and more formulas are being designed with a 100% natural protection factor (without chemical filters and white face effect). It should be said that the Ministries of Health in all countries knowingly allow the use of chemical filters because they believe that the danger to the skin from them is less than from the damage caused by UV rays. We need to protect ourselves from the sun with cosmetics and mechanical means, that is, we should not expose ourselves to the sun’s rays excessively.
Chemical filters absorb UV rays. Some can cause unwanted allergic reactions in people with sensitive skin. Mineral filters reflect UV rays. Microparticle filters do not penetrate the skin barrier and have no harmful effect on the body. The beauty industry surprises us every summer and delights us with many novelties and interesting textures for skin care. The sticky marks that sunscreen products leave on our skin are the main reason why people avoid them ignoring the fact that facial skin is thinner and more sensitive than the rest of the body. Facial protection is made problematic by the needs of different skin types. An individual approach to each person is required. There are practical sunscreens on the market today. They usually contain formulas enriched with glycerin and vitamin E. Or light sunscreens.
UV rays penetrate the epidermis during sun exposure. They destroy the protective sheath of skin cells, which gradually lose their vital substance. In addition to UV rays, the sun, water, wind and salt act aggressively on the skin every day during the summer. The skin becomes dry and unprotected from the harmful effects of UV rays. It loses shine, softness and elasticity.
The most famous natural supports for skin renewal after sunbathing are yogurt, green tea extract, Aloe Vera and avocado oil.