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Climbers conquer mountain peaks. Sport climbers conquer seemingly insurmountable smooth or vertical sections in the rocks. From mountaineering developed a sport called free climbing (free or sport climbing). Since the ultimate goal has changed, ice climbing was created mostly out of the need to move the boundaries of what is possible. Already experienced climbers on rocks and cliffs decide to climb on ice surfaces (ice climbing). This extreme sport is extremely dangerous. It is not recommended for beginners and re creationists without the serious support of more experienced athletes and colleagues and a completed course in mountaineering. Beginners in this sport initially climb less demanding and already tested sections or on artificial glaciers made for these purposes. Ice climbing requires experience and various knowledge in addition to exceptional physical fitness and fitness. Ice climbers should know how to properly select and maintain equipment and numerous techniques (fitness system management, insurance, mooring, anchoring, etc.).
Climbing on icy cliffs and waterfalls is one of the high-risk and extreme sports. Injuries were not frequent. People with many years of experience in mountaineering and sport climbing, with perfect physical condition and psychologically stable people usually decide to engage in this adrenaline activity. In this sport, there is no rivalry or rivalry between different clones. Climbers support mutual solidarity which often saves human lives.
The basic rule is to compete with yourself
The basic rule of ice climbing is to be proud of yourself and your abilities. Or with the boundaries that the climber wants to change. When conquering a goal, there is no noise or fuss to keep each person in high condition and attention. The beauty of ice climbing, climbers say, is that each ice location and the beauty of the ice they conquer gives a different and unique experience with each new climb. Climbers need skills and equipment to master the planned route. At first glance, the equipment of an ice climber resembles the equipment of a medieval knight. The equipment consists of ice axes that are used for digging steps in ice and fixing to the surface. A desirable piece of equipment is an ergonomic handle on the ice ax to make this tool fit your hand better. When carried in a backpack, ice axes must have rubber protection due to sharp parts. It is mandatory to wear a protective helmet or helmet. The helmet should be buttoned up to the chin because in case of an accident it loses its purpose (fall, impact, landslide) because it falls from the climber’s head. A headlamp is mounted on the helmet. The helmet has a head width adjustment system. When choosing a helmet for a climber, you should keep in mind that a woolen hat is worn under the helmet in winter conditions. A belt is a mandatory piece of equipment for every climber. Due to the layered clothing in winter conditions, the belt should be adjustable. The belt is placed over the last piece of clothing because it can always be done with the rope and other equipment.
Crampons are part of climbers ’equipment that are put on shoes and make it easier to move. They are made of light alloys of high strength metal. These metals are resistant to all weather conditions. If the crampons are used for several years, they can be damaged, which can be dangerous for climbers. Tinted goggles and ski goggles are included in the climber’s equipment. They are called “glaciers” because they protect the eyes from external influences. Multi-layered and waterproof clothing are among the climbers ’equipment especially when the weather is bad, windy and snowy.
Climbing into icy cliffs and waterfalls is rated with marks from W11 to W18 (WI is a mark for water ice). The difficulty of climbing is influenced by the height and steepness of the frozen waterfall. The potential collapse of an icy waterfall is taken into account. Climbing on icy surfaces contains elements of acrobatics. It is not unusual that ice climbing in the eye of the beholder resembles a modern ballet in which the players move tied with ropes. Experienced climbers say that every new ice climbing is a unique experience. That is why ice climbing has more and more new fans every year because it also provides a strong sense of solidarity.
According to climbers, ice is divided into alpine and water ice. Alpine ice is ice in the mountains (frozen cliffs and mountain slopes). Water ice is frozen waterfalls and cascades. All climbers should be able to estimate the weather conditions, the type of ice, the weight of the planned route and the like. That is why less experienced climbers always go in a group with more experienced climbers. It goes without saying that inexperienced and experienced climbers are in excellent psycho-physical condition and in good condition.
Ascending the icy Niagara Falls is a big challenge for all ice climbers. Renowned Ice climber is Will Gadd who in his sports biography has recorded a climb to Niagara Falls in 2015 in the northern part called Horseshoe (46 meters). Will Gadd climbed the icy glaciers of Mount Kilimanjaro. This is evidenced by the youtube documentary “Ice Climbing Frozen Niagara Falls-Will Gadd’s First Ascent”.
This film shows how to prepare, train and hike in these conditions. The film also shows the unpredictability and difficulties that can be encountered by any climber when climbing on ice. Will Gadd said: “Climbing Niagara Falls is an amazing experience. The thickness of the ice is different everywhere – somewhere it was 2.5 centimeters and somewhere even 3 meters – so every movement is different. ”