Peppermint (lat. Mentha piperita) is a medicinal plant with healing powers that heats and cools. This beneficial plant is about half a meter high. It is a branched cultivated plant. The flowers are small. They have a purple-red color in the vertebrae on the upper part of the stem and branches. The leaf is thin and serrated along the edge. The leaf has a length of several centimeters and a short stalk. The whole plant has a pleasant and aromatic scent. When chewing, the mint leaf is first heated and then cooled. Tame mint is grown all over the world. There are various varieties of this plant: European, American, which originate from “black mint” whose stems are blue. White mint is less in demand. It has light green stems. English mint (Micham mint) is famous. Which has been grown since the Middle Ages. The tame mint is not propagated by seeds but by roots, by dividing the bushes, by cutting and planting vines. When a young branch with 2 to 3 pairs of leaves is cut off and put in water, the veins grow quickly. It can then be planted in the ground. Once domesticated, mint spreads rapidly and the land is covered with numerous shoots. Mint is one of the most useful medicinal plants for growers because it is sought after always and everywhere in the world.
A leaf of the plant is used to prepare the mint medicine. The leaf is picked by hand in the gardens in nice weather before flowering. It is dried in a thin layer in the draft and in the shade. Such a picked flower is the most effective and best. The flower harvested later somewhat loses its medicinal properties. Tame mint growers harvest this plant with their hair during the harvest. Then they remove the leaves by hand. The rest of the plant (stem, flowers and small leaves) is used to distill mint oil. A large, healthy and well-dried leaf should be well packaged to retain all nutrients / medicinal ingredients. Dried mint is stored for up to a year (no longer than that time), ie until the new harvest. The leaves of tame mint contain 1 to 2% of essential oil (at least 1% is required), 6 to 12% of tannins and bitter substances. Because of these ingredients the leaves are used for medicines, cooking and compresses / teas. Mint treats stomach pain, bowel pain, attacks of fever and hysteria, nerve weakness, headache, hiccups, diseases and cramps of the uterus and the like. Add one handful of mint to half a liter of water. You should drink two to three glasses of this liquid. Sweeten with honey or sugar if desired. When you drink your first cup of tea, use boiled yet warm mint for a poultice on your stomach that you can cover with a clean sheet or large scarf. The patient should rest in bed. In two to three hours the patient will recover from abdominal pain, bowel movements, cramps, or gynecological diseases. For uterine pain, compresses should be placed on the sore spot and rinsed. When a person feels powerless and powerless, he should take 3 tablespoons of mint juice every night (for one week). Let the juice be squeezed from fresh mint. A drink made from the leaves of tame mint can be drunk throughout the day instead of tea or coffee. It is drunk especially in the evening because it cures insomnia and gives easy sleep. Wild mint can be used instead of tame mint. Wild mint grows on moist and swampy soils, in meadows, along streams, rivers, lakes and on sandy soil. When the sun warms up especially after the rain mint gives a fresh and pleasant scent. Bar mint (Mentha pulegium), water mint (Mentha aqua-ica) or curly mint (Mentha crispa) can be harvested most often. Some types of wild mint should not be picked or grown (they have long and whitish leaves with a lot of hairs on the surface). The people call them horse basil (lat. Mentha longifolia). Tame mint is used during the summer for drinks or finely chopped in various dishes. Tame mint improves the air in homes very well. Vinegar can be added and thus sprinkled on the corners of rooms, or other places in homes. Peppermint oil is obtained by steam distillation from a withered plant. The oil is a light, mobile, colorless or yellowish liquid with a pleasant odor. The main ingredient in peppermint oil is menthol. Menthol is found in the oil free or bound in the form of esters to acetic and other acids. The oil is evaluated according to the percentage of bound menthol that gives it its scent. Peppermint oil is used against vomiting and nausea. It is given in the form of a 5% solution in alcohol, which is bought in a pharmacy (Spirituc Menthae piperitae). Drink 20 to 30 drops with a little water a day. This medicine is used to lubricate painful areas on the body (rheumatism and gout). Menthol obtained from peppermint oil is used in pharmacy and medicine. Menthol candies are a mild disinfectant for the throat and pharynx. As living standards rise, so does the need for peppermint oil. This oil is increasingly in demand all over the world.