Business / hobby idea: picking, collecting and drying medicinal plants (Third part-mint, marshmallow, linden and yarrow grass)

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Mint (lat. Mentha Piperita L. Lamiaceae) – in nature, many species of wild mint grow that are not of major importance or are used. The tame mint is of the highest quality and is used the most. It is a perennial herbaceous plant that contains more than 100 medicinal substances. Tame mint is a completely harmless plant. It has a pleasant menthol scent thanks to the essential oil that is found mostly in the leaves.
Harvesting tame mint: the leaves are most medicinal in early summer just before the plant blooms and while the plant is in bloom. The tame mint should be picked in dry and sunny weather. It is dried in a thin layer in a dry and windy place or hung in small bouquets. The leaves are separated from the dried plant and stored in well-sealed paper bags in a dry and dark place.
Medicinal properties: mint tea is recommended for irritable and nervous people and for better sleep. It stimulates the work of the digestive organs, strengthens appetites, soothes pains in the stomach, intestines in the stomach, prevents and eliminates gas and eliminates bad breath. Tame mint has a mild antiseptic effect, stimulates the secretion of stomach acid, relaxes the smooth muscles of internal organs and the uterus. It is used for painful menstrual cycles (drink 3 to 4 cups of tea a day two days before and two days after the menstrual cycle).
Usage: pour one tablespoon of tame mint leaves with two decilitres of boiling water. Let stand covered for 15 to 30 minutes. Strained tea is drunk unsweetened and after meals it can be drunk sweetened with a little honey.
Marshmallow (lat. Althaeae officinalis L. Malvaceae) -is a perennial herbaceous plant up to 2 meters tall. It is overgrown with thick white hairs that give the plant a silvery appearance. It blooms all summer. It is a wild plant that is also grown.
Harvesting the plant: Marshmallow root is dug up during the fall. The highest quality root is in an annual plant due to the large amount of slimy substance. The root is first washed and the outer layer is freed by scraping. The root is chopped and dried in a windy place.
Medicinal properties: they have a root, leaves and flowers. In official medicine, the root and leaf are used. In folk medicine, a flower is used. The tea from the roots successfully heals cough, against inflammation of the throat, for rinsing the mucous membranes of the mouth and nose, and against bronchitis and diseases of the stomach and intestines.
Usage: root tea is prepared by pouring a tablespoon of small marshmallows with two decilitres of cold water. Let stand for 2-3 hours at room temperature with occasional stirring. After that, the tea is strained and used to rinse the throat during the day.
Linden (lat. Tilia sp. Tiliaceae) -a wild deciduous tree that grows in mountain forests. It is grown in parks and populated areas. The flower of two species of linden has a recognized healing properties: white linden (Tilia Cordata Mil) and black linden (Tilia platyphylos). Black linden is known as large-leaved or early linden. It blooms in late May or early June, or 2-3 weeks before white linden.
Harvesting the plant: The linden flower is harvested in dry and sunny weather before all the flowers in bloom bloom. It is dried in the shade in a windy place in a thin layer. The flowers quickly lose their healing properties and fragrance. They cannot be stored for more than 6-7 months.
Medicinal properties: Linden flower has a lot of medicinal properties and vitamin C. In official medicine it is used as a good means of strengthening sweating. In folk medicine, tea is used to sweat and relieve abdominal pain and cramps. Linden flower is used in various mixtures and in the manufacture of cosmetics.
Usage: prepare tea by pouring one tablespoon of linden flowers with 2 decilitres of boiling water. Cover the dish. After 15-20 minutes, drain.
Yarrow grass (lat. Achillea millefolium L. Asteraceae) -is a perennial herbaceous weed. It grows wild in meadows, along roads and in neglected fields. At the top of the stem are tiny white flower heads grouped in inflorescence and arranged in the shape of a shield. It has a characteristic odor and a bitter slightly salty taste. It blooms all summer.
Harvesting the plant: flowers with a stem up to 20 cm are most often harvested. They are tied into small bouquets and hung in a windy place in the shade to dry.
Medicinal properties: the flower and leaves have medicinal properties. It is most commonly used for tea to stimulate appetite, as a mild means of stopping bleeding (e.g. hemorrhoids), as a remedy against stomach cramps, inflammatory processes of the stomach, intestines and stomach. Coatings are used to reduce inflammatory processes. The flower is a common ingredient in various tea blends.
Usage: pour a handful of flowers with half a liter of boiling water. Leave covered for half an hour. Strain and drink one cup of unsweetened tea before meals.

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