Nature has given people many wonderful plants. The queen of plants is the so-called centenarian (Aloe Vera). It has been used for over 5,000 years in folk and scientific medicine. Homeland Aloe Vera is South Africa and Madagascar. In its homeland, Aloe Vera is a powerful tree 10 meters high and higher. The Arabs consider this tree a symbol of patience. Boiled Aloe Vera juice is called “sabur” (in Arabic it means patience). The plant is drought resistant. Growing in nature, in the deserts and semi-deserts, Aloe Vera has never been exposed to low temperatures. This plant has never lost its useful properties in cold regions and releases biostimulating ingredients. Aloe Vera pots adorn many balconies. It is enough to tear off the leaf and put it on the wound or drink the juice for better function of the digestive system. The plant grows and helps at all times and in all weather conditions. Aloe Vera Barbadensis Miller is used as an elixir due to its extremely healing properties. The botanist Miller classified this plant in the family of lilies from the genus Aloe (liliaceae).
Aloe Vera is the basis in the production of dietary and medicinal products, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals. The plant attracts the attention of scientists and doctors-researchers from all over the world. They conduct intensive theoretical and practical experiments on the “magic source” of life hidden in nature. Throughout the discoveries of recent decades, scientists have been key to discovering the secret of plants. Recent research shows that one of the most effective components of the plant is the complex carbon composition of acemanan. This new information reveals a number of possibilities in the new use of the plant’s medicinal ingredients (treatment of cancer, benign tumors, ulcers, wounds, infections, inflammatory processes and even AIDS). Speaking of traditional application, plant-based creams and ointments should be mentioned. These products are indispensable in the treatment of tissues damaged by burns and frostbite. Dentists use aloe gel to treat inflammatory processes and fistulas. Dermatologists use lotions that cleanse the skin of acne and pimples. Ophthalmologists consider Aloe preparations indispensable in the treatment of eye diseases. Professional sports coaches treat muscle pain, sprains, scratches, bruises and blisters on the skin with preparations containing aloe.
Regular use of the juice is considered to have a positive therapeutic effect in the treatment of arthritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, diabetes and other diseases. Aloe is contained in the preparations of famous cosmetic companies because it preserves youth and beauty.
The effect of the plant Aloe Vera:
1. Immunostimulant-strengthens general resistance, disease prevention (cancer, AIDS, psoriasis, collagenosis)
2. Detoxifier-clean from poisons, alcohol, narcotics
3. Antioxidant-free radicals
4. Antiviral-herpes and others
5. Bactericidal-destroys bacteria
6. Fungicidal fungi (Candida et al.)
7. Antiphlogistic-inflammatory processes of all systems
8. Analgesic-reduces pain
9. Astringent-tightens the surface of the skin and mucous membranes
10. Laxative-regulates the digestive system
11. Stimulant – regulates the status of the psyche
12. Antidiabetic – lowers blood sugar.
Growing and caring for Aloe Vera at home
The cultivation and care of all species of this plant are approximately the same. They can be grown in areas with cold climates, but during the winter they are brought indoors. These are very hardy plants. They like a bright place even in direct sunlight. They are looking for quality land that is well permeable to water. If water is retained around the roots, the plant will begin to rot. It should be watered carefully – abundantly during the summer 8 and sprayed with water9 but only when the soil dries. In summer, the plant should be taken out on the balcony and protected from the wind. In winter, watering the plant is reduced. If the air in the room is dry, watering the plant is not reduced, but care should be taken not to keep water around the roots. Two to three hours after watering, excess water should be poured out of the saucer. From May to September, liquid fertilizer should be added to the irrigation water every 3 weeks. As the plant grows it is transplanted into larger pots. Young plants are transplanted once a year. Adult plants are transplanted after 2-3 years if necessary. We recommend soil made of sod, leaf soil, humus and sand (2: 1: 1: 1) with the addition of finely crushed brick and charcoal.
Propagation of the plant Aloe Vera
The plant is propagated by young root shoots and cuttings from the tree. When the cuttings are cut, they should be left for one day to dry naturally and then sprinkled with charcoal dust. The cuttings are placed in moist sand. They are pressed to a depth of 1 cm. They are not sprayed and a jar is placed over them. They are rarely watered. As soon as they let the roots watering should be increased. After a while they can be transplanted to a permanent place.
One of the medicines contained in this plant is “sabur” – a thickened substance formed by evaporation and coagulation of aloe juice. It was used by the Greeks, Arabs, Hindus and Romans 3000 years ago. Later, dry Aloe juice was used in the form of hard pieces of brown color. It was exported from Africa and India to other countries. It was used as a means of regulating digestion. Sabur was part of military pharmacology. A quote from the third edition, published in Saint Petersburg, Russia, says: “Sabur is a condensed juice created by the evaporation of fleshy leaves of various types of aloe.” These are pieces of dark brown color, irregular in shape, fragile, different sizes, shiny, compressed. A kind of smell and bitter taste. ” The dosing advice is from the book “Short course of pharmacology” by Dr. P.E. Oboznenka published in 1906 in Saint Petersburg: “0.1-0.5 grams of sabur after 10-15 hours causes the expulsion of a dark slurry. Sabur in large doses (0.5-1.0) has a stronger effect that occurs after 6-8 hours. Internal use in small doses (0.05-0.1) awakens the appetite, stimulates digestion, increases bile secretion. In case of overdose of the preparation, an abundant liquid substance appears, which improves the general tone of the intestinal walls and causes pain. ”
Sabur made at home
The leaves of the plant should be cut at the root of the tree. Place in a dark and cool place (e.g. refrigerator). Grind the plant matter after a week. Squeeze the juice, which is later evaporated. If necessary, accelerate the bactericidal properties of sabur. Before drying, heat the juice for 15 minutes at 80 ° C. After evaporation we get the final product-sabur.
Aloe Vera is not recommended in the following conditions
It should be remembered that the internal use of sabur and juice causes blood flow to the pelvic girdle. Therefore, they should not be used in severe inflammatory processes of the digestive tract, chronic diseases of the kidneys and bladder, hemorrhoids (especially bloody, the restriction does not apply to external use), in inflammatory processes of the genitals. Aloe vera preparations are prohibited in heart disease, chronic pulmonary tuberculosis accompanied by coughing up blood, during menstrual cycles in women, in uterine bleeding, in pregnancy (they can cause miscarriage.9. Aloe should be used with caution in diseases of the liver, bile ducts and gallbladder. the use of higher doses of fresh juice and sabur can irritate the intestines and cause hemorrhoids due to the large amounts of blood collected in the lower pelvis.
The most important ingredients of the Aloe Vera plant are:
1. Vitamins-with antioxidant effect, A, C and E with B complex (B-12)
2. Oligoelements and minerals – K, Na, Ca, Mg, Cu, Zinc, Fe and others, mG-lactate * histamine – have antiallergic action.
3. Enzymes — especially amylase and lipase — that break down fats and sugars, normalize digestion, have bactericidal, anti-inflammatory, and prevent pain effects.
4. Sugars-mono and polysaccharides (short, medium and long chains) -reduce inflammatory processes, stimulate macrophage activity, regulate blood sugar levels. Immunostimulatory Carizin has an antiviral effect and destroys the AIDS virus
5. Anthraquinones – have laxative effects, reduce pain and hyperpigmentation.
6. Lignins – enable the transfer of active substances to the depths of the skin
7. Saponins-antiseptics or cleansers
8. Plant sterols – reduce inflammation, allergic reactions, heartburn, help with arthritis and rheumatic fever
9. Amino acid-based proteins.