The most common health disorder is iron deficiency. The most common anemia is sideropenic anemia or anemia due to iron deficiency in the blood. Anemia is more common in women than in men. About 2 billion of the world’s population is anemic. India has 54% of people with anemia, or the largest percentage of anemic people in the world. About 10% of women suffer from iron deficiency. 29% of women who are not pregnant suffer from anemia and 38% of pregnant women suffer from anemia. It mostly affects women who are more physically active and live in a hurry. To find out if your body has enough of this very important mineral, follow the signals your body sends you.
1. Fatigue-The body uses iron to produce hemoglobin in red blood cells. Lack of oxygen in the blood leads to a feeling of constant fatigue.
2. Poor concentration – if your concentration is poor and declining, the cause may be a lack of iron in the blood.
3. Apathy-apathy towards everything in the environment (family, friends, work, hobbies, etc.) can also be caused by a lack of iron in the blood. Check your blood count if you notice that your mood has changed from positive to lethargic and negative.
4. Shortness of breath – if you walk suddenly and very breathlessly while walking, exercising or doing household chores, the cause may be a lack of this mineral.
5. Pale skin – an indicator of iron deficiency can be pale and transparent skin. Pale skin is caused by poor blood circulation and decreased number of red blood cells.
6. Brittle nails – if your nails are no longer firm but brittle and sunken, there is a possibility that the cause is a lack of iron in the blood.
7. Frequent illnesses – frequent colds and inflammations and frequent respiratory problems can be caused by low blood iron levels.
8. Color of urine- due to lack of iron in the blood the color of urine can become pink or even red.
The causes of anemia are: blood loss, worm infection, poor iron absorption, loss of vitamin B12 and insufficient iron intake.
Complications caused by anemia: it affects the growth of children, irregular heartbeat, reduces the capacity to work and is a problem in pregnancy.
Who is at risk for anemia:
1. Newborns-born with small and insufficient weight.
2. Children – if vegetables do not get enough iron in the blood.
3. Adolescents — during the menstrual cycle.
4. Pregnant women — the need for iron intake increases
5. Blood Donors – Frequent blood donation can affect blood iron stores.
6. Vegans and vegetarians-do not eat enough iron-rich foods.
7. Other people-people who have digestive problems.