Elderberry (Sambucus nigra) is a shrub or smaller tree up to 5 meters tall. elderberry leaves early. Elderberry branches are filled with white marrow. It has opposite and oddly feathered leaves. The flowers are small. They have a milky white color and a strong odor. They are grouped in very large and forked shield-like flowers. The fruits are small and herbaceous berries. When the berries grow and ripen, they are dark purple with reddish-blue juice. Elderberry blooms from May to July. It grows everywhere. Mostly on flat and deserted places, settlements and around settlements and on forest edges. Elderberry is harvested during sunny and dry days. Whole elder flower stalks are picked as soon as the flowers begin to open. Elder flowers (Sambuci flos) are a medicine. The flowers are small and have a white-yellow color and a diameter of 3-5 mm. They have a five-part dotted crown, five anthers and short, sessile, green seals. The plant has a pleasant smell. The taste of the plant at the beginning of flowering is slimy-sweet and later becomes bitter and spicy.
Chemical composition: the flower contains heterosides that cause sweating, sambunigrozid, flavonoid heteroside, about 0.025% tannin, essential oil of coexistence of fats of unknown composition, resin, sugar, choline, organic acids. The bark and leaf also contain sambunigrin and purgative resin, saponin, tannin and choline. The bark has a mild and later bitter taste. Dejule diuretic and causes diarrhea.
Medicinal effect: elderberry has been used since the Middle Ages.mixes are used for migraines, gout, sciatica, neuralgia, disinfection of the mouth, throat and pharynx. It is given as a warm tea for sweating for colds, diuretics and emollients (causes vomiting). The juice was once made into a thick extract and used as a laxative (Roob Sambuci).
Marigold (Calendula officinalis) -annual and rarely biennial ornamental plant up to 50 cm. The stem is erect. It is branched in the upper part. At the top of the branch is a fragrant most often orange-yellow inflorescence with needle-shaped petals. It blooms from June to November. Propagated by seeds sown during spring and autumn. Marigold is a Mediterranean plant. It is easy to grow. When growing, only large or double inflorescences of strong orange color should be selected. The flower should be picked in dry and sunny weather. Dry in a strong windstorm as soon as possible to preserve the color and smell.
Chemical composition: dried marigold flower contains essential and fatty oil, rubber, resin, various carotenoid dyes, mucus, sugar, proteins, phytosterols, salicylic acids, enzymes and various salts.
Healing effect: marigold is used externally and internally. There is evidence that marigold was used in the 12th century. The use of small flowers and leaves in canecra especially cancera of the breast and female genitals, to remove warts and blisters. The researched features of marigold allow us to single out a number of valuable ingredients – bacterial and viral (mainly against influenza A, A2 viruses). Marigold oil is used in skin diseases and to reduce tumors. Marigold flower tea has a very calming effect, it lowers blood pressure, especially during menopause. Alcoholic extract, ointment and calendula tea are used to treat purulent wounds, burns, frostbite, pimples, ulcers and lichens. Marigold tea helps with angina, sore throat, periodontitis and cough. Vaginal rinsing should be used in various gynecological diseases. Marigold is used as a means of urination, expectoration, rickets. Marigold is a mild antiseptic. It is used in the form of tea, tincture or ointment for some skin diseases (impetigo), burns, wasp stings, sweating, etc. Tea or tincture diluted 3 parts of boiled water rinses the sore spot. Then the sore spot is smeared with calendula balm: 10 grams of marigold tincture mixed with a mixture of 20 grams of lanolin, 20 grams of Vaseline and 20 grams of zinc oxide.