Celery (lat. Apium Graveolenus) is a biennial herbaceous plant. It is used for food only in the first year because it becomes woody the following year. The above-ground parts (handles) have a lot of cellulose, so they have to be cooked for a long time. Thus they lose nutritional value. That is why celery leaves should be added to dishes at the end of cooking. Celery has long been considered an excellent remedy for rheumatism, arthritis, neuralgia, colds, stomach ailments, as an anti-flatulence, to strengthen nerves and appetite, against weakness and exhaustion, to treat poor eyesight, lower high blood pressure, improve the excretion of excess fluid from the body. . Celery was also considered a strong aphrodisiac because it was believed to stimulate the sex drive. Old writings say that King Henry VIII of England demanded that celery be added to every dish. It was not until the 16th century that celery began to be grown in gardens and used as a medicinal wild plant and for food. Over time, new species have been obtained from the wild plant that have a better smell and taste and reach a higher weight (over half a kilogram).
Studies have shown that celery is rich in vitamins and minerals, so the old folk belief about the healing properties of celery has been confirmed in laboratories. The leafy parts of celery are harvested from June to September. The root is already suitable for eating in October. If put in traps it can be used until next spring. The fruits of this plant are not used for food, but the essential oils used in the pharmaceutical industry are squeezed from the fruits.
Mineral value: the root and the aboveground part of the plant have the same amount of minerals. Analyzes show that the root and aboveground part of the plant contain significant amounts of sodium and potassium (necessary for proper heart function), calcium and phosphorus (necessary for bone strength and during child growth), magnesium, and other oligo and microelements.
Vitamin value: 100 grams of above-ground celery contains 71.6 milligrams of vitamin C and the root 9.9 mg. This plant contains all the vitamins from group B, so it is suitable for strengthening the nerves and strengthening the body, carotene (used to create vitamin A to strengthen eyesight), vitamin K (necessary for blood clotting) and vitamin E (vitamin of youth).
Medicinal ingredients: The leafy and root parts of celery contain the healing ingredient apin and essential oils that give the plant a specific scent. The leaves and root also contain little
essential oil. The main ingredients of the essential oil are limonene and seline. The other ingredients of celery are choline, asparagine, mucous substances (they all have medicinal properties) and starch. The leaves contain more medicinal ingredients than the roots.
Caloric value: 100 grams of celery root gives 31.6 calories. 100 grams of celery leaves give 24.4 calories. That is why celery is often used in the diet. Celery is low in calories and gives a feeling of satiety. It maintains the necessary level of vitamins and minerals in the body that are important for the proper functioning of all organs.
Celery is a medicine
Against rheumatism: every morning you should drink fresh celery juice (50 grams) for 3 weeks. The taste of celery juice is improved by adding carrot or tomato juice or boiled tomato. Well-known French herbalist Franocis Mosege claims that a glass of celery juice works wonders during a rheumatic attack.
For blood purification: in Japan, celery juice is often used for this purpose. It is recommended to take only celery juice prepared in various ways (only celery juice) every third month for 5 days. They say that then the blood is completely cleansed and the blood picture is repaired and the body fully recovers.
To eliminate excess fluid from the body: celery tea helps to eliminate excess fluid, especially in men who suffer from an enlarged prostate. It is necessary to take 50 grams of fresh celery leaf and 25 grams of dried leaf. Pour over one liter of water. Cook for 5 minutes. Leave to stand for 10 minutes. Drink 2 to 3 cups of tea a day.
To expel sand from the kidneys and bladder: pour two full tablespoons of dried celery leaves with a cup of cold water. Heat to boiling. Strain the tea. Drink 2 cups a day.
To lower blood pressure: clean and chop two to three celery roots with aboveground parts. Cook for 15 minutes. Strain the tea. Drink 2 cups of tea a day. It can be sweetened with honey or lemon or orange juice.
To calm the nerves: Let 50 grams of chopped celery root and leaves boil in cold water. Cover and let stand for one hour. Cold tea is drunk.
Important warning: celery teas should not be drunk by pregnant women and people with kidney problems. They are recommended to use these vegetables only cooked in small quantities.
Anti-dandruff and facial care: The water in which celery is cooked is an excellent means of removing dandruff. Rinse your hair with this water for a month after washing. It can be used for washing and facial care.
Against contusions: celery should not be placed on open wounds as it can infect the wound. But it is a good remedy against contusions. Fresh and crushed celery leaves are placed on the sore spot.
Celery as an aphrodisiac: Celery is believed to have been used for centuries as a strong aphrodisiac. Today, opinions on this are divided.
Salted soils suit celery. Such a wild plant grows well in salt ponds and mud by the sea. It thrives in the UK to the Mediterranean, North Africa and Asia.