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The ancestor of the sundial was a stick stuck in front of the entrance to the cave. Water clocks and hourglasses were then discovered. The oldest such devices described are mentioned in ancient Indian and Chinese writings. There is evidence that they were used in Egypt 1600 BC.
Greek and Roman civilizations introduced the gears into the clock mechanism. Following the conquests and geoploitical changes, the secrets of clockwork and art travel. They are experiencing slow but sure progress. At the end of the 12th century, more advanced mechanisms appeared in Europe. They use weights instead of water. The use of springs became common in the 15th century. The watchmaking craft is becoming more in demand. Christian Hygens made great progress in 1657 by applying Galileo’s idea of the pendulum as the driving mechanism of the clock. The need for precise measurement of time grew with the increase in the power of the then great imperialist powers. The reason is navigation on the high seas. The name of the watchmaker John Harrison is inscribed in golden letters in the history of horology. His inventions marked the 18th century. In 1797 the first patented watch was recorded. Ely Terry filed an application with the Patent Office. Terry is considered the founder of the American watch industry.
During the 18th century, the fashion of wearing watches began. Technological advances make it possible to place the mechanism in pocket-sized housings. People realize that they can carry time everywhere they go. Having a personal watch becomes a necessity. Dependence on public clocks, which were then an integral part of towers and city towers, is slowly disappearing. The wristwatch becomes a status symbol for people. Cheap models were not available to all people. The industrialists of that time showed their wealth gained through various business activities by wearing specially ordered luxury watches. Investing in a watch meant some kind of investment for the rainy days. Every other item left in American pawnshops in the mid-19th century was just a wristwatch, some data say. Part of the relentless market competition were the European watchmakers of the time (especially the legendary Swiss masters of the craft).
The primary reliability is then the design. Most data indicate that the fashion of wearing a wristwatch began in the early 19th century. This practice was reserved for women throughout the 19th century. Therefore, women are highly valued masters in this craft. The sophisticated art of making and assembling small gears requires precision, perseverance, self-control, skill and patience. The men of that time proudly looked at their pocket watches and commented mockingly on women’s fashion antics. Even vaudeville shows caricatured people wearing pocket watches as a bit of a silly person. The new fashion had a practical side. If women wanted to know what time it was, it was enough to look at the device on the wrist than to dig through the complicated cuts of the clothing items of the time.
The First World War brought a change of location where the timer would be located. Advances in military technology required precise synchronized communication. A practical solution is to move the watch from your pocket to your wrist. After the end of the conflict, images of hero-aviators remained in the collective consciousness. Aviators wore a wristwatch as an indispensable piece of equipment. Motoring is becoming more popular. Bold drivers are also embracing the new fashion. The pocket watch becomes an item worn and used by generations of fathers and grandfathers whose time passes. Each new generation wants to be different in some way from the previous generation. Thus, in the period between the two wars, the production of watches suppressed pocket watches. In 1931, the first automatic winding mechanism appeared, which used the movements of the watch owner’s wrist.
In the following decades, the wristwatch became an unavoidable part of the everyday wardrobe, retaining the role of a status symbol. In 1840 the first electric clock was made but the development of electronics contributed to the reduction of components to a reasonable extent. The revolution in the world of watches officially began in 1969 when the first serial battery-powered quartz watch appeared. Cheap and reliable mostly Japanese floods the entire planet. A wristwatch from an item bought to be inherited by grandchildren becomes an item that is thrown away as soon as it breaks down.Manufacturers of classic mechanisms have largely survived by targeting buyers of luxury products.
The position of the watch was endangered by mobile telephony, especially among the younger population. Modern times bring rapid changes, so changing trends are common today. Shows the advent of smart watches. There are simple smart watches that have an extremely practical function in communication and sophisticated Apple smart watches. After 2 centuries on the wrists, it is most likely that the wristwatch will still be used and needed. The offer of materials and colors is diverse and fits all types of fashion trends and all generations. In the business world, metal or leather bracelets remain the standard although the more relaxed variant allows for a whole range of variants available on the market.
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