cover photo: http://www.medium.com
cover photo Pirogovo village
Nikolay Ivanovich Pirogov was born on November 25, 1810 in the Ukrainian village of Vishnya (today’s Pirogovo). At the age of 14, he enrolled at the Medical Faculty in Moscow, where he was one of the best students. During his studies, Pirogov worked in the then popular “anatomical theater” (public dissection of corpses). He received his doctorate in the field of surgery (preparation of the abdominal aorta). At the age of 26, Pirogov became a professor. Explains the whole operation and how to re-establish circulation after obstruction (stopping blood flow). He worked in Moscow for 5 years as an abdominal surgeon. He then went to Berlin where he lectured. He publishes a book on the protective positions of the legs and body that the surgeon should take to have the greatest strength in the hands during the operation. Pirogov liked quick decisions and precise and accurate cuts on the body without unnecessary damage to the surrounding tissue. Pirogov illustrated all kinds of operations with which he taught young people with drawings. Each blood vessel tube or the smallest nerve was precisely drawn. In 1841, a reproduction of a drawing by this scientist was published. The first anatomical-topographic atlas is printed in Germany in 3 parts. Today’s medics learn from this atlas. In 1848, when the revolution began in Europe, Pirogov returned to Moscow where he worked as a full professor at the Medical Academy of Sciences in Saint Petersburg. Professor Pirogov is severely poisoned by formalin (a means in which anatomical preparations are kept). One period remains immobile. With the help of this unfortunate life circumstance, Pirogov realizes that chemistry can cause “artificial numbness of the body”. He suggests that ether be used during surgery (before that, alcohol was used for operations). Pirogov performed the first test operation with ether anesthesia on October 16, 1853 in front of the medical public. This idea (operations with anesthesia) soon came to life all over the world. After the operation, he used bandages dipped in plaster as immobilization. This is how he saved many people from permanently distorted limbs. Professor Pirogov died on December 5, 1881 in his native Ukraine. Just before his death, Pirogov presented a completely new way of embalming the human body (different from the Egyptian embalming).
1. His German barber was left without nasal cartilage after a child fight. Pirogo underwent rhinoplasty (implantation of new cartilage in the nose) and a perfect nose.
2. Pirogov began his lectures at the faculty with: “The anatomist looks only at the structure of the organs, while the surgeon looks exclusively at the blood vessels and connections around the organs that he performs.”
3. Professor Pirogov’s recipe for embalming was used to embalm the body of Valdimir Ilyich Lenin.