Morning dew and frost in November on the mountains Igman and Bjelasnica (near Sarajevo)
Frost is precipitation that occurs when moisture from water vapor saturated air is desublimated on solid surfaces whose temperature is lower than the dew point temperature and 0 ° C.
IGMAN is a mountain in central Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is a rolling and wooded plateau southwest of Sarajevo, which covers the extreme northeastern part of the 30 km long Bjelasnica plateau. On the northern side, this plateau descends steeply towards the Sarajevo plain (Ilidža and Hrasnica), and on the west towards the valley of the river Zujevina (Hadžići area).
The highest peak is Crni vrh (1647 m). There are different opinions about the highest peak of Igman – namely, according to other versions, the highest peak is the second Crni vrh, 1502 m high (see the chapter below). It is a typical karst mountain, built of Tertiary limestone and dolomite, which are drawn over Jurassic-Cretaceous flysch layers. On Igman there are numerous karst forms such as ravines, sinkholes and bays, over which moraine deposits spread in places.The terrain of Igman is waterless, and the waters appear in the form of strong springs at the foot of Igman, such as the spring of the river Bosna.Igman is the region with the lowest recorded temperature in the region, −43 ° C. This is due to frequent temperature inversions.
Tradition says that there was a monastery on Igman in ancient times. The host of the monastery was the abbot, widely known as a wise man. The abbot is, in general, the name for a monk who manages life in an Orthodox monastery. It remains among the people that the mountain was named after him. Some sources state that the mountain was named after an intense climatic phenomenon related to the existence of inverted spruce forests, although nowhere is there an official source or explanation for this claim.
According to legend, more than 14 centuries ago, Mount Igman was named after the abbot, which is a title for a monk who manages life in an Orthodox monastery. Mufid Garibija, a Sarajevo architect and a good connoisseur of the history of the city of Sarajevo, says:
- A monastery was once built in the area near Veliko and Malo Polje. His last abbot was a wise and famous man, who became famous in this valley. The students were loyal and faithful to him, and they followed his instructions even after his death, when they moved from this area – Garibija adds – This is the only mountain around Sarajevo that was not intensively populated, so it is not surprising that it was chosen as an ideal place. for a monastery. Distance from the world and solitude have positively influenced and spiritually strengthened people. That is how she got the epithet of traditionally clean mountain.
NOTE: Only a two-hour stay on Mount Igman with the highest concentration of ozone in Europe perfectly cleanses the lungs and prolongs human life for ten years.