Making homemade soap is an ideal solution for people who want to avoid synthetic ingredients. The advantage of a well-made soap is the use of vegetable oils and fats that have the quality of food. Oils nourish the skin and supply the skin with additional moisture. Soaps made at home contain glycerin (pharmacy glycerin is bought in pharmacies without a prescription). In industrial production, glycerin is removed. Glycerin binds water and turns natural soaps into a high-quality care product. The choice of fragrance depends on the soap dish.
When making soap, it is important to have protective clothing because it works with alkalis.
- The work surface should be dry and clean. Place newsprint on the cleaned work surface.
- Running water is also very important for making soap. Thus, in the event of an accident, the stained part can be washed quickly. So make soap in a room where there is running water.
- The room where you make the soap must be well ventilated. Do not inhale vapors generated during manufacture.
- Prepare in advance all the items you will use to make the soap.
- Have protective equipment because you work with alkalis (goggles and thick alkali-resistant gloves). It would also be good to have mouth protection and an apron so you don’t ruin your clothes. Just in case, have a bottle of vinegar prepared to neutralize the alkali if something goes wrong.
- Containers, utensils and work surface must not be made of aluminum as alkali destroys the metal. The best are plastic and stainless steel.
Each person prepares soap in a slightly different way and with different aids.
In addition to good protective equipment, you need to have some aids:
• a pot with a volume of 4-5 liters
• smaller pot
• molds made of plastic, silicone or metal. Metal molds should be covered with food foil (plastic, not aluminum). Otherwise the alkali will react with the metal and you will have to throw the soap in the trash.)
• plastic containers
• kitchen scale
• ladle (best wooden ladle)
• thermometer for making soap
All items used to make soap should not be used for cooking or baking afterwards.
Recommendation: DIY making soap set “Saponificazione” by La Saponaria.
On the page of this product there is more detailed information, ie instructions for making soap and a few recipes. http://www.lasaponaria.it
Two simple recipes for making soap:
Soap with olive oil is very easy to make and is inexpensive.
• 500 g of olive oil
• 64 g NaOH
• 150 g of water
Mix all ingredients. Pour the finished mass into the mold. (Important: always lightly add NaOH to the water. Otherwise, an “explosion” may occur.) Leave for eight weeks in a cool, dark, dry place for the soap to harden and mature. The longer the soap lasts, the better, firmer and better it will be. The discount (unsaponified oil content) of this soap is about 4%.
Scented soap is a simple soap with a wonderful scent.
• 200 g of coconut oil
• 200 g of olive oil
• 70 g of hemp oil
• 30 g of shea butter
• 71 g NaOH
• 160 g of water
• 30 drops of essential oil
• 10 drops of lavender essential oil therisches
Preparation: z Heat the coconut oil until it becomes liquid. Then mix all the ingredients. (Important: always slowly add NaOH to the water. Otherwise, an “explosion” may occur.)
Pour the finished mass into the mold. Leave for 8 weeks in a cool, dark and dry place for the soap to harden and be ready to use. The discount (unsaponified oil content) of this soap is about 6-7%.
Important for saponification: Each oil has its own saponification factor. When you change the oil in a recipe, then you need to recalculate the amount of caustic soda.