Greenery and suitable flowers for planting January and February 2021-Part Four Today

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Today, the production of ornamental plants is a lucrative and modern business. It is a botanical production that needs to be approached extremely seriously and with a high level of knowledge. It is not difficult to master the knowledge of ornamental plants. It requires some experience and overcoming obstacles until good practice in production is gained. In the production of ornamental plants there is the concept of horticultural architecture. It is a combination of the construction industry with ornamental plants. Ornamental plants complement the gardens with living attributes. Thus, a little landscape effect is added to the buildings (floristics). Kalanchoe is a popular succulent that is grown as a houseplant. The flower is prized for its beauty of leaves and long-lasting flowering. Legend has it that Kalanchoes were born from the tears of a goddess in love. That is why it is worshiped as a symbol of love and loyalty. Kalanchoe (lat. Kalanchoe blossfeldiana) was brought to Europe from Madagascar in 1939. It belongs to the crassulaceae family. About 690 species of Kalanchoe grow in all subtropical and semi-tropical regions (from the Arabian Peninsula to South Africa). Growth is compact and low. It has numerous flattened leaves. The flowers are fiery red, orange, yellow and cyclamen. They emerge from each leaf axil on short stalks densely arranged above the leaves. Most of the time should be spent in a space that is partially darkened. Kalanchoe is a short-day plant. It means that it ends its growth and starts to form buds as soon as the time comes for short days. Under normal circumstances, it is in November and December. Flowering time follows. Short days can be artificially created if the place where the plant is located is darkened 16 hours a day and exposed to light for 8 hours. Kalanchoe is one of the succulents, ie it retains water in the leaves. Special attention should be paid to watering the plant. Because it should be watered more abundantly between May and August. Moderately watered from September to November. During the winter until May, the plant should be watered less frequently. Make sure that the substrate never dries completely. For Kalanchoe, the rule is that neither a leaf nor a flower should be wet! Kalanchoe requires a lot of light and heat of 12 to 15 degrees Celsius. If kept in a too cold and too humid room in winter, it often dies due to fungal diseases. In winter, it prefers a temperature of 15 degrees C and a place away from heat sources. It is propagated by seeds and cuttings from shoots or leaves. Since it takes up to 10 months to develop a plant from seed, you can get a young plant from cuttings much faster. The tops are used for cuttings, and if there are not enough of them, the leaves can also be used, which are only torn off the plant. The cuttings are planted in clean sand and are quickly rooted. Previously, the cutting should be left in the sun for a day or two, so that the cut dries (because it is full of juices). This plant likes light soil composed of two parts leaf litter, two parts hatchery and 15% sand. You can buy green plants in glass jars or pots.

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