Greenery and suitable flowers for planting January and February 2021-Part Two

Greenery that needs a little and regular watering. Keep indoors or outdoors. Look for a light spot or partial shade.

Cactus Echinocactus Grusoni (or Cactus of Mother in Law) -is a cultivated plant. This is the most commonly grown cactus in homes. It belongs to the cactus family Cactaceaea. Round in shape and flattened at the top. It can grow up to 1 meter in height and width. It has 35 ribs that form over a period of several years. The thorns are slightly hooked and golden yellow. It blooms in March and April only after 20 years. The flowers are yellow. They grow on the scalp. They have a diameter of 5 cm. The fruit contains dark brown seeds. This cactus is endemic from central Mexico. It is endangered in the wild and the cactus is threatened with extinction. It grows on rocky slopes in the cold during the night and strong sun during the day. Propagated by seeds. This is the most popular cactus in the world. Transplanting is avoided because of the sensitive root. The name “grusonni” is after the German grower, botanist and florist Hermann Gruson. Gruson was the largest cactus collector in Europe.

Roses (lat. Rosa) is a genus of herbaceous plants from the family Rosaceae. It is grown for its beautiful fragrant flowers. Today, there are many hybrids and cultivars of roses that differ from each other in color and appearance of the flower, the smell and the existence of thorns. There are a large number of wild roses, whose fruit (pomegranate, pomegranate) rich in vitamin C is used in the diet and for the preparation of teas. The rose is also called the queen of flowers. Rose petals contain essential oils, tannins, sugar, citric, malic, tartaric and amber acids, as well as a number of aromatic active ingredients. Many flowers are subject to more or less trends. The rose has preserved its eternal youth for thousands of years. Blooming brings joy to everyone, professional and amateur gardeners. Today’s roses bloom longer and more often in a year. Flowers are more luxurious than their ancestors. The variety of colors, shapes and scents of rose flowers represent the most beautiful decoration of the garden or balcony. The number of rose cultivars available on the market each year is more numerous. It is important to create a rough overview of the range of roses, so that we can get a picture of the queen of flowers. Climbers are lush roses of rigid branches of various shapes. The basic rule of climbing roses is that the main shoots must run horizontally. Otherwise all the vegetable juice will flow upwards. The flowers will only be on the tops. The lower parts will soon relax (examples: Alberic Barbier, Albertine). Floribundas are shrubs with flower groups that bloom continuously. If pruned sparingly, they can be used as magnificent hedges that quickly reach 2 meters in height. The ground covers are bushy roses with a pronounced creeping and spreading habitus. They are easy to maintain and resistant to weeds. Shrubby roses with large fragrant flowers with a raised center. They usually bloom 5-6 months a year and are long-lived. One bush of tea tree rose can live up to 10 years. Examples: Super Star, Peace, Blessings, Maria Callas, Prima Ballerina. Polyantes or “multi-flowered” are shrubs and climbers that bear large groups of small flowers. Multi-flowered roses are increasingly used as planting material for public green areas and home gardens, because with abundant flowering and intense colors they give a special effect, and increasingly suppress not only tea roses, but also other types of annuals and perennials. Roses are planted in late fall and early spring. Roses are better planted in the fall, because then the rose planted in the spring blooms. The best time to plant roses is November, when the ground has not yet cooled completely since summer. The soil is warm enough for root activity. Container roses are planted all year round. They are suitable for amateur gardeners, because they continue to grow without any problems. The more developed the root system of the container rose, the faster and better its further growth will be. Roses can be planted in almost any place in the garden, with the exception of complete shade. The rose thrives in almost every country. It grows best in a country that is loose and rich in nutrients. This can be achieved with a little effort, compost and fertilizer. They go well with flowers that are not “superior” (lavender, anaphalis, dwarf sage, saber lily, wormwood). They are usually planted at a distance of 30-50 cm. Roses have long roots so the planting hole must be deep. When planting, we use one trick that helps to place the grafting site at the right height: let the rose root hang in the planting hole and fill the pit with your free hand while holding the rose in the correct position with the other hand. We press the ground around the roots. At the time of active growth – from spring to autumn – roses need to be offered a good menu. As the rose is sensitive to drought, it should always be watered abundantly. It is important to dig roses often, especially when they are young. Fertilization can be done with special mineral fertilizers for roses with a low nitrogen content and an extremely high content of phosphorus and potassium. Mineral fertilizer is usually added twice a year: in March and April and in June and July. When fertilizing the rose, we must be careful that the fertilizer does not come directly to the root of the rose, and always on moist soil. At the time of active growth – from spring to autumn – roses need to be offered a good menu. As the rose is sensitive to drought, it should always be watered abundantly. It is important to dig roses often, especially when they are young. Fertilization can be done with special mineral fertilizers for roses with low nitrogen content and extremely high content of phosphorus and potassium. Mineral fertilizer is usually added twice a year: in March and April and in June and July. When fertilizing the rose, we must be careful that the fertilizer does not come directly to the root of the rose and always on moist soil.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s