Many countries around the world are only now beginning to systematically green. The state-city of Singapore devoted itself to systematic landscaping half a century ago. That is why today Singapore is called the “green world metropolis”. Today, people around the world have a deeper understanding of the importance of green spaces in local communities and in human living spaces in general. In recent months, people have become more closed in their homes and going to nature has become less frequent. Awareness of the importance of greenery, parks, playgrounds, gardens and the need for green facades, gardens, roofs is growing. Transforming urban settlements into green forests and an abundance of space for recreation and relaxation would reduce environmental pollution. The population would have more fresh air because the plant produces oxygen, provides freshness and shade while absorbing carbon dioxide. Noise is reduced and there is more protection from storms. Favorable biodiversity becomes greater as green areas become habitats for a variety of plants and animals.
That is why Singapore is a good example of sustainable urbanization in cooperation with nature. Singapore was a British trading colony until 1965. Since 1965, Singapore has become a state-city. At that time, this island was a poor island with 90% of the lost original flora and fauna. The land was depleted and unclean while the rainforest was almost totally cleared. Since Singapore is a small country with about 700 square meters, the administration needed to create new resources. Singapore presents a new comprehensive plan in 1967. The goal was to become a green-city-garden. Water purification, mass planting of plants and waste disposal then begins to happen. The construction of more green areas is encouraged with regular education of residents. The first problems at that time were sudden population growth and industrialization without control. Air pollution is reaching alarming proportions in the early 1990s. The administration of the state of Singapore understands that the practice of landscaping should be introduced in all areas of life.
Singapore tried to achieve a balance of economic development and “natural capital” in the late 20th and early 21st centuries. The social mentality is changing drastically. The principles of environmental protection are introduced in science, health, education, trade, work ethic, public transport and energy supply. The organization of the city becomes eco-systemic where green facilities are available to all residents. A futuristic city is created with an incredible landscape surrounded by meadows, gardens, flower beds, rose gardens, forests, rivers and lakes. The skyscraper there has the function of an eco-system. It is a legal obligation that every building should be equipped with environmental technology. Greenery on land destroyed by construction should be replanted with new plants and greenery. Numerous roof gardens and green walls are thus created by a combination of architecture and horticulture. Huge residential and business complexes often have high green paths-bridges in the service of rest, relaxation and recreation. Over the last few decades, more than 300 buildings / skyscrapers, parks and green reserves have been built. All facilities are interconnected. So people can walk and cycle around the city for hours without leaving the green areas. All almost 6 million inhabitants of this country have daily direct and undisturbed contact with nature. Public awareness of the protection and preservation of the environment is at a high level due to the constant state campaigns. Thus, the communication platform for young people “Green Singapore 2050” presents thoughts and ideas for a sustainable future. One of the biggest horticultural attractions in the world is located in Singapore called Supertrees in Gardens by the Bay. Supertrees are solar powered towers. The towers have the shape of trees. They are overgrown with thousands of plants. These are sophisticated devices that collect rainwater, irrigate surrounding gardens and clean the air. They are connected by suspension bridges with a view of the surrounding 100 hectares of unusually shaped vegetation and plants. Singaporeans say they have these ideas because they do not experience space as limited and flat but as living matter growing in all directions. “Buildings full of plants and plants exist because of the ecology, aesthetics and healing power of plants.