Ticks belong to the arthropods of the order Ixodida, subclass Acarina. Ticks are spider-like ecto-parasites. There are hard (family Nuttalliellida and Ixodida) and soft ticks (family Argasida). The body of a tick has the shape of a bag because all the body members have fused into a single whole. Parasitic species have lip legs evolutionarily developed. The legs thus make it easier to attach to the host’s skin, penetrate the skin and suck blood. This is how ticks feed. The problem is that ticks are carriers of many diseases while some diseases can have serious consequences.
There is a slight redness at the site of the sting as a result of skin irritation with foreign substances that penetrate the skin when bitten. This is not a danger signal. If a ring redness appears at the site of a tick bite, which can be accompanied by a rash, headache, nausea, high temperature, pain in the rains and joints, and weakness of the body – then it is best to seek medical help. These symptoms may appear after one to two weeks. A tick bite that is not infected does not pose a danger. Even the bite of an infected tick does not mean that a person will get the disease. The chances of harmful effects of the microorganisms that cause the disease are further reduced if you remove the tick in the first 24 hours after it has attached to the skin / body. The upper part of the body is grasped carefully with tweezers as close to the skin as possible. Then, with a gentle motion, pull the tick out of the skin, unscrewing it like a light bulb. If the person is not sure that he is ready enough for this venture, seek professional help from a doctor or pharmacist.
Ticks usually lurk in tall and uncut grass. They climb to a height that corresponds to the level of the average cat or smaller dog. There they wait for prey. Ticks have special receptors with which they react to carbon dioxide, ammonia and other chemical compounds that people release as a product of metabolism.
- Ticks can fall from the low canopy of trees when trying to attach to a food source. There are areas that have been identified as tick habitats. If a person cannot avoid staying in such areas – it is necessary to wear long-sleeved clothes and long-legged pants.
2.Clothes should be light in color to make it easier to spot the tick. Do not place the clothes you take off directly on the grass and surrounding vegetation. 3. Use a mat impregnated with repellents and acaricides. Repellents and acaricides are preparations that repel and eliminate ticks. Consult your pharmacist about the choice of repellents to put on your skin.
- Be sure to inspect clothing and footwear thoroughly upon returning home.