Up to 7,000 liters of water are needed for one pair of jeans
A glass bottle can be recycled countless times while paper waste can be recycled at least 7 times.
The fashion industry is one of the largest industries today. Fashion collections and novelties of the fashion industry are shown to the public every two to three weeks, even though a third of the produced clothes are not used at all – statistics say. A lot of clothes then easily fall into oblivion because fashion trends are constantly changing. However, we constantly hear / read messages about the bad impact of fast fashion on the preservation of the planet. This is not surprising. Because the example works for one pair of jeans it takes up to 7000 liters of water. That is why many fashion designers are trying to redesign old jeans pants to be useful, purposeful and usable. We are increasingly hearing the terms “multipurpose use”, “conscious consumer”, “conscious clothing manufacturer” and biodegradability, recycling and the like. The term “upcycling” is often present in fashion events today. This means that fashion designers use old pillows, old bedding, dresses, sweaters, jeans wardrobe, keys, watches, plastic bottles and the like. They combine these objects and materials in various and creative ways and produce new objects of various uses. So from old watches that don’t work – they get new necklaces, bracelets and the like. Such collections have a special charm because a new usable item is obtained from the left and discarded item. Upcycling means reusing old materials and turning an old item into a new and useful item.
The glass bottle needs to be recycled to have a new application. Recycling is the organized collection of items from the same material that we can no longer or do not want to use, reprocessing into new products, and reuse. Glass is a material that can be completely recycled countless times. Large quantities of old jars and bottles should be collected and returned to the glass factory. This is useful because:
• we save natural raw materials (using 1000 kg of old glass saves 700 kg of sand, 200 kg of calcite, 200 kg of soda),
• save energy (energy cost drops by 2-3% for every 10% share of old glass in the mixture),
• recycling one bottle will save as much energy as a 60 W light bulb takes to light for 4 hours, a computer for 30 minutes and a TV for 20 minutes.
• by using old glass we reduce the consumption of primary raw materials and prolong the life of the glass furnace,
• we reduce environmental pollution,
• save space in landfills.
The product flow is the path of the packing glass from:
• glass packaging manufacturers,
• through the processing industry (food and beverage producers who package their products in bottles and jars),
• to retail (trade) and catering (restaurants and cafes),
• and consumers (people who drink or eat food or drink packaged in a bottle or jar),
• and then through collectors – companies that take the collected glass from stores or from containers for disposal of old glass packaging and take it away
• to a company / factory where there is a plant for processing old glass packaging. Here, old bottles and jars from a certain area are recycled.
Paper has several stages of recycling from used paper to recycled, new paper.
Paper, cardboard, waste paper packaging and other paper waste are disposed of in appropriate bins for separate waste disposal. Paper waste can be recycled for at least 7 times. The paper is first immersed in a slurry into which air bubbles are inserted. It is a flotation process. During this procedure, the printing and other inks remain on the surface (i..e on the foam) which is then removed. The slurry thus purified is used to make recycled roto paper which is then cut to the desired sizes. It is ready for reuse. Cardboard packaging and newspapers are mostly made from recycled paper.
The recycling of paper is the process by which waste paper is turned into new paper products. It has a number of important benefits: It saves waste paper from occupying homes of people and producing methane as it breaks down.
One of the more recent examples from 2020 is the Scarlett Yang project by a young artist from London. She made a completely biodegradable dress from a silk cocoon of protein and algae extract. The dress decomposes in water within 24 hours. The main inspiration for this conceptual project of this artist was the reduction of waste in the fashion industry.
The fact is that a large number of small entrepreneurs also introduce the idea when they make new and useful items from existing old things. People use plastic bottles and can openers to make new bags, from old cutlery for example they also make jewelry, decorations and the like. In the United States, a group of philanthropists and humanitarians make beds for the homeless from old plastic bags. The use of canvas bags is no longer just a fashion accessory but a message that every person can do some positive act to save the planet. Today, more and more people we see on streets with canvas bags with messages or pictures that reflect personal attitude. Customers around the world are also thinking of a sustainable planet, and the often used words bio, organic, sustainable and compostable. The fallacy is that these words are associated with costliness and inaccessibility. In fact, these words promote long-term use, multipurpose use, redesign and reuse. These words play a role in the decision-making process of all customers / service users. Large companies are introducing new templates into their well-known templates to adapt to new trends. Customers are increasingly recognizing this way of doing business and giving support for that way of doing business to survive in the future. The popular Swedish furniture company Ikea has opened a Second Hand store in which the old product is returned – which ends up on sale again instead of at a landfill. Many people also leave old furniture, a chair, a table, cabinets, drawers, an armchair in front of a residential building – which other people then take and thus prolong the life of these things. The Polish company Biotrem made edible plates and utensils from bran. The company was inspired by the immediate food delivery after which the plastic cutlery ends up in trash cans and garbage dumps. These plates and cutlery are aesthetically pleasing and edible and can be composted. Reusing old items is certainly a great idea that will sooner or later find mass recognition and general acceptance everywhere in the world.