Self-sustaining residential homes are being created for a variety of future scenarios
Environmentalists around the world are constantly warning us of major changes in the environment and climate (caused by human influence). Therefore, people could soon face extreme weather conditions. Extreme weather means rising sea / ocean levels, global food shortages, and the like. Architects around the world participate in their own way in designing new and self-sustaining ways of living. Some of such scenarios are organic farming in the middle of urban areas, floating on the sea surface or new life in a wasteland and the like.
- Skyscrapers with gardens or vertical farms — are one of the self-sustaining ways of living in the future. Tenants do not need to procure food from mass agricultural production. This prevents environmental pollution caused by the packaging and transport of food from remote areas. Vertical farms reconnect people from urban areas with nature. These gardens also act as air conditioning between buildings and the environment. Plants have favorable conditions for growth. Buildings protect plants and provides heat. Waste food is easily collected and turned into compost. The skyscraper thus becomes a living organism – says the Austrian-Chinese married couple Fei and Chris Pecht, who are the inventors of the “The Farmhouse” project. It is a skyscraper that is upgraded using triangular modules made of cross-laminated wood. It is an environmentally friendly and flexible material. It is suitable for demanding constructions.
- Oceanic City is a project designed as a self-sustaining ecosystem with wind, water and sun-farms for food cultivation, natural water purification systems using seagrass and shellfish, and complete waste recycling. Big is building a prototype of this settlement that was unveiled on the East River, New York near the United Nations headquarters. Due to climate change, we need to build floating settlements resistant to hurricanes, floods and tsunamis. This is the basic motive of the Swedish-American company Bjarke Ingels Group, an architectural company with the abbreviated title “BIG”. Oceanix City is a project in collaboration with the United Nations. It consists of an island or hexagonal wooden modules. From them, interconnected villages are formed. Each village can provide a home for 1650 people. A city for 10,000 inhabitants can be constructed.
- Off-Grid (either literally off-grid or off-infrastructure) is a project presented in 2019 at Design Week in Milan, Italy. Among the most prominent of these projects is the Casa Ojalá by Italian architect Beatrice Bonzanigo. It is a miniature mobile building that can be placed on any location. It is offered in 20 versions to better adapt to the environment and the needs of the tenants. Casa Ojalá on 27 square meters has a living room, kitchen, two bedrooms, bathroom and terrace. The space can be separated, connected or completely opened in various ways. Manual control mechanisms are used. The elements of the house can be easily untied or tied with a system of ropes, winches and levers. This is a kind of micro-home. It is completely self-sufficient. It has solar panels for energy production. It has a rainwater system. It has special drinking water tanks.
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