Spring and summer are ideal seasons for learning the art of flower arranging. For starters, a combination of tutorials from YouTube.com (e.g. Flower School), your own feeling and creativity is recommended One flower branch can sometimes (in a beautiful flower vase) look like a work of art.
Classic styles are based on geometric shape. Arrangements do not have a strong contrast. They are often made from garden flowers. The pot should be darker than the color of the flowers.
Classic flower arrangement styles:
Formal arrangement – can be oval or round. Wanting to achieve a certain shape, the flowers are arranged like small stones so that they do not come to the fore. The flowers must not overlap. The florist achieves this by varying the height of each flower. A formal arrangement can be arranged in the shape of a triangular pyramid. Such shapes were usually made in higher vessels so that all the splendor of colors and shapes had expression. The pyramids are made so that the front is more pronounced than the back.
Hogart style – created by Hogart in the 18th century. It has the position of the letter S. It can be horizontal or upright. For an upright shape, 3/5 of the arrangement rises above the center, 2/5 are below the center of the arrangement. The S-shape is achieved by stacking the basic branches according to that letter. Other flowers and greenery follow this shape. Horizontally, the hogarth has an S-shaped base, while the flowers and greenery are fixed at the same height.
Modern forms evolved from classical forms. Florists could not arrange everything in the form of Biedermeier because the flowers are then close together and have no expression. At the center is the base or heart of the arrangement. The base is formed by short flowers of large and round shapes and darker than the flowers on the edge of the arrangement.
Modern traditional style – developed from the classical style and contains many elements of the classical style.
Parallel style – is a Dutch style of arranging. All lines of flowers and greenery are strictly parallel. A rectangular-shaped vessel is often used for easier parallelism.
Vegetative style – natural materials complexed according to natural growth are always used. This style is similar to ikebana. It is important to know how to place different flowers and greenery with different colors and sizes.
Decorative style – is the opposite of vegetative style because it seeks unnatural shapes. Natural material is being reshaped. The wire flower is used as desired, but differently from the natural growth of the flower.
Freestyle – are mixed styles where the arrangement is given a personal touch, but the rules of arrangement should be followed.
Experimental style – explores new possibilities of flower design. This style is often seen in competitions. To make an arrangement you need to know the classic and modern styles because they contain the properties of all styles.
Structural style – is always a very modern style. It is characteristic of the Netherlands. Flowers and greenery are classified into strong groups, which gives the arrangement a look of order, clarity and purity.
Minimalist style – uses a few different types of materials (maximum 3-4) and colors with which the greatest effect is achieved. This simplicity is an aggravating circumstance because it is not always easy to achieve maximum effect. With a little material, every little mistake can be seen. Multiple styles can be mixed in one arrangement. It is necessary to harmonize 3 elements: the balance of usable colors and shapes, the arrangement of usable colors and shapes, and the rhythm or repetition of usable colors and shapes of flowers.
Flower Arranging in England- There are flower lovers’ societies in England. Members are engaged in stacking flowers in their spare time. Experts hold lectures and courses. Flower lovers visit private flower arrangement schools and participate in competitions and exhibitions. The English developed 2 styles of flower arrangement: classic (typical British style) and modern style. The classic style is formal. The arrangements leave an impression of rigor. The flowers are arranged in a three-sided pyramid or in a wide semicircular shape indented on both sides. This gives a symmetrical arrangement. The table arrangement should be round or oval on all sides. Asymmetrical arrangements also agree. The basic shape is a crescent. Flowers and leaves are arranged around one bent axis. It is brought to the desired position with scissors and wires. They act disciplined and calm. It is usually made of one type of flower. It is especially important that the finished arrangement is in harmony with the ambiance. The modern style stems from the contrasting shapes of flowers and branches and the play of lines. A modern-style composition requires several flowers or branches that line up linearly and loosely.
Arranging flowers in France – The French love a lot of flowers, colorfulness and elegance. Flowers are given as a sign of attention and respect. They nurture a classic style of arranging. Their decorative arrangements are representative. The flowers are arranged by rising one above the other, creating a closed pyramid or an airy and loose triangular shape. Such an arrangement is arranged only towards one side (from which it is viewed) because it is placed on a table or console in front of a wall. The flowers are inverted forward. The longest flower stands behind all the other flowers. Fresh flowers are often arranged in shallow pots, amphora-shaped vases or baskets. In French floral arrangements, the relationship to color is emphasized. The arrangement can be colorful and composed of selected flowers arranged by color or groups of colors. Always darker colors of flowers go in the middle of the arrangement and lighter outwards. Thus the optical center of the arrangement gives a condensed impression and a sense of charge. The purpose is exclusively representation. The French also make arrangements of dried flowers and flowers and leaves made of shells, feathers, pearls, etc. The task of the flower shop is to sell and arrange flowers. Flowers (for a special occasion or gift) are bought from a florist. Creativity is highly valued. For various arrangements, a much higher price is paid. The tax on arranged flowers is much higher than the unarranged one.
Flower arranging in America – the style of arranging comes from the English classical style. The basic shape is triangular with a pronounced front. American arrangements are expensive and wasteful. They are arranged in porcelain or silverware. In flower shops, the arrangements are usually arranged in plastic or waterproof paper pots that are thrown together with the withered flowers. White cup-shaped vessels are very popular. Americans attend a flower arrangement school and the famous ikebana school in Japan. Bouquets of flowers are not common in America. Ready-made arrangements or untied flowers are bought, which are then arranged at home.
Flower arranging in European countries – the love for flowers is spreading more. In many European countries, flower exhibitions are organized to present different types and varieties of flowers and pots. Presentations are held where top experts from Italy, the Netherlands and Austria show new arranging styles, new types of materials and modern greenery. Flower arranging has a long tradition. There are mostly decorative and formal styles. Florists take advice from German, Austrian and Italian florists and add their own influence. Formal-shaped arrangements are round, similar to Biedermeier. The colors are harmonious and calm. The character of the growth and the characteristics of the plant do not come to the fore at all. The decorative style is lavish and festive. The whole composition is round. Individual flowers are arranged according to light, even if they are not placed in the direction of natural growth. Free modern style allows florists to show their own art.