There are more than 50 types of coffee in the world
Coffee is a favorite beverage around the world. It can be drunk at any time of the day or night, with or without additives (sugar, milk, cinnamon, chocolate, cardamom … etc.). We drink coffee hot or cold. They say people with low blood pressure should drink coffee often, while people with high blood pressure should avoid coffee or drink it in moderation.
Legend has it that a shepherd from Ethiopia discovered coffee in the 9th century when he noticed that goats became hyperactive by eating beans from a coffee bush.
Some scientific findings say that Finns and Japanese drink the most coffee. However, Americans are the world’s leading consumers of coffee with 450 million cups of coffee consumed per day. Then come the French and the Germans. There are more than 50 types of coffee in the world. Coffee (Coffea) is a fruit, i.e. a genus of evergreen shrubs or low trees from the Rubiaceae family. The coffee leaves are all turned opposite or arranged in three-membered vertebrae. The coffee flowers are white and are located under the leaves. The fruits of coffee are stone fruits that look like cherries. The genus has about 40 species that grow in paleotropic areas (mostly in Africa). Three species produce coffee: Coffea Arabica (Coffee region, Ethiopia). Coffea Arabica has a flower divided into 5 lobes. Coffee is mostly grown in Brazil. S. Liberica is a projectile from Liberia. The flower is divided into 6 to 8 lobes. S. Stenophyla is native to Sierra Leone. The flower is divided into 5 to 7 lobes. Coffee seeds free of meat flesh (mesocarp) arrive in stores. It has silvery shiny skin (endocarp). Separation of seeds from these parts is done by drying or soaking. The seeds contain caffeine, fat and sugar. Caffeine is the most important ingredient in coffee. It is used in medicine. Roasted and ground coffee seeds are used to make the beverage.
Espresso is not a special type of coffee but one of the ways to prepare coffee. Instant coffee was invented by George Washington, a Belgian who lived in Guatemala in the early 20th century.
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