Acne at any age is a solvable cosmetic and aesthetic problem
The therapy for all forms of acne is not the same. Before starting therapy (treatment), many patients with acne on the face need to do certain medical tests. This determines the cause of the problem. This is most often due to the oily type of facial skin with enhanced sebaceous gland function. The skin is thick with enlarged pores and has a grayish-yellow color. Such skin glows due to excess oily film on the surface and is more prone to the formation of blackheads and comedones. It occurs at puberty and persists into middle age.
Teenagers need to learn proper care for this skin. The biggest problem is facial cleansing. The skin is impure and more often sensitive. Due to improper care, new pimples appear on the face. After using some aggressive preparations, the facial skin becomes even worse. Aggressive cleansers and tonic with alcohol dry out the skin, which is then rough and prone to dandruff, but the problem of acne on the face is not solved. Soap-free gels or foaming facial cleansers are good for cleansing the face. If acne occurs then medical therapy and dermatologist advice are needed.
The medical term “acne vulgaris” is a common inflammatory dermatosis. Young people in puberty and adolescence are mostly affected, which is a period of pronounced psychosocial and physical changes. It occurs most often between the ages of 13 and 15 and usually a little earlier in girls than in boys. In adolescence, they are most common in males. In 20% of affected people, acne occurs over the age of 20, and at that later age it most often affects females. Unfortunately, 15 to 30% of people have a clinically severe form of acne. This requires intensive treatment to prevent the formation of physical and mental scars. Heredity, hormones and bacteria play an important role in the appearance of acne. The changes affect the skin of the face, forehead, shoulders, back and sternal regions. Acne conglobata is the most severe form of vulgar acne that is more common in men. In this case, the inflammatory process is located deeper, so hard and painful nodules the size of hazelnuts are formed. By merging them, larger, flat, hard, reddish-blue painful infiltrates can be formed. These infiltrates can soften so the purulent contents are emptied through the fistula. After healing, rune scars remain in the form of keloids and fistulous cysts. Unfortunately, not enough attention is paid to acne because it does not endanger general health, so it is often considered an unimportant and transient cosmetic problem for young people.
It is important to know that there are other forms of acne, although acne most often occurs during puberty. Acne inversion is a form that occurs in unusual places (armpits, groin, scalp, pubic region, etc.). They are more common in males. Acne can occur after contact with preparations that contain comedonogenic substances (for example, sunscreen oils). That is why it is important that care products do not contain comedonogenic substances, which should be indicated on the packaging.
Uncontrolled sun exposure and the general or local use of some medications can cause eruptive acne. Various hormonal disorders can also cause acne. At the beginning of treatment, it is important to determine the form of acne and the severity of the disease, which further depends on the method of treatment. Timely treatment reduces the possibility of scarring.
Treatment is exclusively individual. Some creams or gels with the addition of antibiotics can be applied topically, and in more severe forms, general antibiotic therapy. Acne is one of the most common psychological problems in young people (depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, withdrawal from society, etc.). That is why it is important to start using the therapy in a timely manner. Not the same therapy for every person. In many cases, acne can be avoided or controlled with proper facial skin care and careful self-care techniques.
- Wash your face twice a day with neutral soap. When the skin becomes oily, be sure to wash your face every time. It is not necessary to rub or rub too hard so that the inflammatory process does not worsen.
- Hairstyles that constantly rub and touch the face and remove hair from the face should be avoided. Regular hair washing is recommended.
- Acne should not be pressed with your fingers as it can cause an inflammatory condition and eventually a scar.
- The skin should not otherwise be exposed to excessive cold, heat or strong sunlight. The sun may briefly reduce the number of acne but it will not cure it. Too much sun exposure leads to sunburn and skin cancer.
- Water-based products should be used and fat and oil-based cosmetics should be avoided.
- Food intake after which a certain number of acne appear should be reduced, although there is no scientific evidence that food affects acne.
- A healthier diet, enough fluids and exercise are helpful. When a person is healthy then the skin is also healthy.
- Try to get lotions (which are bought without a prescription) that are effective for draining excess fat and encouraging peeling.