Sore throat: cause, consequences and treatment (doctor’s advice)

Sore throat: cause, consequences and treatment (doctor’s advice)
Inflammatory condition of the pharynx-introduction
One of the common reasons to visit a doctor during the fall and winter is the inflammatory condition of the throat. It affects both sexes and people of all ages, but most often affects children. For preschool children, the cause of inflammatory inflammation of the throat is most often of viral origin, more than 80% of inflammatory conditions. In adults, the causative agents are bacteria and other causative agents (a small part). The leading causes of viruses are adenoviruses, rhinoviruses and coronaviruses. The leading causative agents among bacteria are group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus (BHSA).
Symptoms of an inflammatory condition of the pharynx
Symptoms of an inflammatory condition of the throat include sore throat, tingling, scratching, burning, difficulty swallowing, irritating cough, increased feeling of dryness, hoarseness in case of spreading the condition to the larynx and enlarged tonsils. These local symptoms are accompanied by symptoms of a general nature (general weakness, loss of appetite and fever). Both local and general symptoms may be more or less pronounced depending on the virulence of the causative agent. Sore throat is the most common symptom of an inflammatory condition of the throat, although it may be the cause of another disease (for example, gastroesophageal reflux disease GERD, postnasal secretion due to irritation of the mucous membranes with secretions, tumors and the like.
Viral inflammatory condition of the pharynx is a slow onset of the disease. Temperature is up to 38 degrees Celsius, mild sore throat, general symptoms are less pronounced, respiratory symptoms are runny nose, hoarseness, cough, throat is red with or without serous exudate, lymph nodes may be enlarged but mostly not painful, treatment-symptomatic
Bacterial inflammatory condition of the throat – sudden onset of the disease, fever is higher than 39 degrees Celsius, severe sore throat, very pronounced general symptoms, mostly no respiratory symptoms, throat is very red with purulent deposits, lymph nodes are painful and swollen, treatment -Antibiotic according to the medical examination and other (probiotic, vitamins, etc.).

Resolving sore throat symptoms
Treatment of pharyngitis depends on the cause, clinical picture, age and general condition of the patient. Treatment of viral throat infections is mostly symptomatic. It is recommended to rest in rooms with constant and moderate temperatures with regular ventilation and humidification – regardless of the severity of symptoms. One should drink plenty of fluids (tea) warm but not hot, eat warm soups and gargle. The throat is traditionally rinsed with sage tea. Representatives of modern throat rinses are antiseptic liquids / sprays. Antiseptic liquids contain active substances that act on a very wide range of different pathogens that can be found in the oral cavity. For example, octenidine-based antiseptics work on this principle. Application is local directly to the pharyngeal mucosa and oral cavity. After gargling this liquid should be spit out.
A stuffy nose — a decongestant should be used to make breathing easier. The drug of choice in the symptomatic treatment of sore throat may be analgesic paracetamol or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (ibuprofen or acetylsalicylic acid Aspirin). If there is no improvement within 4 to 5 days and despite the symptomatic therapy undertaken then the patient should contact a doctor. The doctor will determine further therapy and possible changes. If a person has a bacterial inflammatory condition and medical therapy (antibiotic) then that patient should strictly follow medical and medical instructions. Use the antibiotic at a specific time, with the prescribed dosage and duration. Antibiotics act only on bacteria, while viruses have no effect, which is why the use of antibiotics in a viral infection is contraindicated. Antibiotics act on the bacteria that “cause” the disease, but also good bacteria that are physiologically found in the human body (skin, intestines, vaginal mucosa …), disrupting their protective role and leading to the development of accompanying adverse symptoms (eg diarrhea or flare-up of vaginal candidiasis). If the patient does not follow the instructions for the use of antibiotics, then over time, bacterial resistance develops, which we do not want but cause by carelessness. Inflammatory conditions of the pharynx are common and relatively harmless, but a person should be careful because the causative agent can be hidden in the background, which can complicate the inflammatory condition of the kidneys, heart, joints, nervous system and skin. Therefore, the basis of successful treatment is microbiological confirmation of the diagnosis and targeted therapy.
A person should seek medical attention if:
-is a temperature of 39 degrees Celsius and above
-if the slightly elevated temperature does not decrease to 38 degrees Celsius after seven days
-in the case of enlarged and painful lymph nodes in the neck
-in case of fatigue and limitations in performing daily activities
-if there is pain in the ear or sinuses (between the eyebrows or under the eyes)

-if the sore throat is extremely severe with a feeling of tightness or difficulty swallowing
-if there is already a chronic disease of the respiratory or immune system
-in the case of rheumatic fever
-in case of a rash on the body.
The basis of prevention is hygiene. Hands should be washed regularly with warm water or soap or rubbed with alcohol to protect ourselves at least a little from microorganisms. This hygienic measure is a fundamental procedure in preventing the transmission of infectious diseases, which, while avoiding close contact with an infected person and a diet rich in vitamins, increases the body’s defenses and prevents the spread of infection.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s