10 diseases that are so-called “silent killers”
Various changes in the work of the body occur due to improper diet, physical inactivity and obesity. Diseases develop with age because most people do not pay attention to the first signs and symptoms of warning. Doctors have identified several common diseases that develop almost imperceptibly. These diseases cause unpleasant complications and often unfortunately premature death. The good news is that diseases respond well to timely diagnosis. These diseases can in many cases be cured at an early stage. But the asymptomatic course and the absence of characteristic signs lead to a late visit to the doctor. It is important to remember prevention and perform an annual medical examination to prevent serious complications in a timely manner.
- Arteriosclerosis – is the most common and most serious disease in the group of arteriosclerosis – It is characteristic that the arterial wall becomes thinner and less elastic. This is specifically caused by the formation of thickening (atheroma) in the inner layers of the arterial wall, which can reduce or obstruct (disable) blood flow. The incidence of atherosclerosis in postmenopausal women increases and thus approaches the incidence of men of the same age. Blood vessel disease affecting the brain, heart, kidneys, and other vital organs and extremities is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States and most Western countries. Mortality due to coronary heart disease (cardiovascular disease) among men between the ages of 55 and 64 is 1/100. It is assumed that atherosclerosis occurs due to increased concentration of fatty substances – LDL lipoprotein in the blood on the one hand and endothelial damage (inner layer of the arterial wall – the first with the flowing blood) caused by different mechanisms on the other hand. The most important risk factors for atherosclerosis are age, male gender and premature atherosclerosis in the family history. Other risk factors include: high levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and low levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL), hypertension, smoking, diabetes, overweight, physical inactivity, increased levels of homocysteine that can cause endothelial damage, and bacterial infection. pneumoniae which may also play a role in the development of endothelial damage. Foods that can significantly alleviate this disease are green leafy vegetables, dandelion, parsley, garlic, flaxseed oil, spinach, ginger and cabbage.
- High blood pressure – The World Health Organization calls high blood pressure the leading cause of vascular disease, heart disease and stroke in young people. The 120/80 mm standard has been basically adopted. Hg may deviate minimally, ie be increased after exercise or stress. The problem occurs with obesity, prolonged use of hormonal drugs, abuse of salty and fatty foods. Increased pressure gradually develops, so the body adapts to changes and impulses. The person stops feeling uncomfortable and occasionally notices dizziness or a feeling of warmth. The only measure of early diagnosis is the regular use of pressure gauges, ie measuring blood pressure 3 to 4 times a week.
- Fatty liver hepatosis – or fatty liver is a common disease that is difficult to diagnose without an ultrasound machine. Organ cells actively accumulate fat molecules, stopping them from breaking down and removing these molecules from the body. The reason is hormonal failure, pathology of the thyroid gland or a tumor of the adrenal glands. Risk factors increase the chance of getting fatty liver (reduced metabolism, diabetes, atherosclerosis and polycyclic ovarian disease for women). Hepatosis develops without symptoms in the initial phase. Withdrawal pain in the right side occurs when 10% of the tissue is replaced with fat deposits. The liver stops working completely, digestion is disturbed and intoxication occurs.
- Cardiac ischemia – when cholesterol accumulates on the walls of coronary vessels, then the heart muscle does not receive enough blood and cell death begins. Blood flow in the body slows down, the brain and internal organs experience starvation with oxygen. Myocardial infarction may occur. A person should give up alcohol and cigarettes and get rid of excess weight and learn to control stress.
- Diabetes doctors call this disease a silent killer because of its ability to develop the disease without severe symptoms. Intense thirst, vision problems, weight loss occur in the phase of vascular damage, impaired kidney function. Metabolism slows down and the body stops producing the hormone insulin. A simple blood glucose test helps spot negative changes in time and prevent complications.
- Intestinal tumor-The frequency of colorectal tumors is growing rapidly around the world. Many patients go to stage 3-4, which leaves no chance for a long, active and happy life. The tumor develops over several years from a benign polyp in the colon. Growth can only be detected by colonoscopy. Therefore, doctors recommend that all patients older than 45-50 years do preventive colonoscopy without waiting for the first symptoms.
- Osteoporosis-disease incauses thinning of bone tissue, frequent and severe fractures that do not heal well. This disease develops with a lack of vitamin D in the diet and is associated with hormonal disorders in women. Start with prevention after 45 to 50 years of age (exercise, gymnastics, swimming, consumption of foods rich in calcium). A person should reject alcohol and nicotine.
- Cancer of the cervix – the main cause is the unwillingness of a woman to treat dysplasia at an early stage, the disease develops into a cancerous disease due to injuries and inflammatory conditions of the uterus. This can be prevented in 90% of cases. At risk are obese patients, patients with a certain type of virus and people who often change partners. The best way of prevention is a regular gynecological annual examination and timely treatment of erosion and infection.
- Cancer of the skin – is a dangerous disease that ranks second in mortality among cancers. It develops over the years with the abuse of sunbathing, frequent exposure to the open sun and in the solarium. If permanent pimples, redness and peeling appear on the skin, the person needs the help of a dermatologist immediately. Self-medication is not recommended.
- Viral hepatitis – when liver cells are damaged by hepatitis B or C viruses, then the inflammatory condition begins with irreversible changes in the structure of the organs. The disease can develop asymptomatically over the years, destroying the solutions, causing the formation of fibrosis and cirrhosis. It is recommended to perform a blood test once a year because it helps to identify the early phase of the pathology.