Munich is the green capital of Bavarian clear water and clean air
Munich is mentioned in the oldest preserved written document from the 11th century, i.e. the time of the creation of the Alud monastery of the Benedictine monks (1158) in the valley of the river Isar.
Specifically, at that time the powerful Duke of Bavaria and Saxony, Henry the Lion, built a bridge over the river Isar next to a place where the Benedictines had a monastery. It was precisely the Benedictine monks after which the city of Munich was named. The name of Munich originated from Late Latin and Old High German term for monks. Namely, Munich was established at the place where the Benedictine monks had a monastery.
Munich is located on the slopes of the Alpine massif with a favorable climate, so this city has always been a good location for settlement and life. The construction of industrial facilities has been banned since the 18th century. This decision is still respected today. Munich is the capital of Bavaria and the third largest city in Germany. Munich was destroyed almost to the ground after the First World War. There was an economic crisis, hunger and poverty. Hitler’s rise instilled confidence in the people of Munich who accepted him as their leader. Unfortunately, after the end of the Second World War, Munich fell into even greater destruction with countless victims. The old part of the city was then completely destroyed in the bombing. That is why the 1950 City Assembly decides to rebuild the old city center in the form of a replica of its former appearance. Modern facilities outside the city center and new settlements on the outskirts of the city were built during the preparations for the 1972 Olympic Games and the 1974 Football Championship. Marijin platz is the city center and an unavoidable destination for all tourist visits to the city. The old town house (Altes Radhaus) was destroyed in a fire in 1460. The house was then rebuilt and demolished again during World War II. It was then rebuilt according to the original plans. The new town hall (Neus radhaus) is a symbol and decoration of the whole city. Today, according to the style of construction, the Neus Radhaus looks even older (than the original town house).
On the square is a monument to St. Mary on the obelisk in gold to appease and save the city from the impending plague. At the foot are 4 angels fighting against 4 evils (war, death, famine and heresies) and the angels of course win. Another fish fountain has a practical feature. There used to be a fish market in that place. Fish used to be washed there and today wallets are washed. Every person who washes his wallet there will not have financial problems – says the legend. Every year, the mayor dips the wallet of the city treasury in the fountain to overcome the financial problems of the city. There are pubs, restaurants, souvenir shops and various shops with various purposes. Bayern fans often celebrate the club’s victory here. There are always some events in this square where various festivities are celebrated and gatherings of different purposes are held. Members of the National Socialist Party used to gather in pubs with a long tradition. At that time, pubs were not only objects of entertainment and drunkenness, but serious gathering places where the fate of the German people was often shaped. In breweries, for example, the Germans are still “waging war” with the Czechs in the amount of beer drunk per capita. The Czechs are currently in the lead with 160 liters compared to 120 liters that the German drinks during the year. However, people are killed on the highway where speed is not limited. That is why many Europeans come to Germany to drive cars up to 300 km / h without sanctions. More than 200 years ago, the mayor of Munich opened the first beer festival “OktoberFest” in honor of the marriage of Crown Prince Ludwig of Bavaria. Even today, toasts are made in that name every year. The festival lasts 16 days with the participation of millions of Germans and tourists from all over the world. Nymphenburg Castle was built between 1662-1820. It is a gift from Prince Ferdinand to his wife Maria in honor of the birth of his son Max Emanuel (whose birth has been awaited for 10 years). Heirs and owners built and repaired this castle for 200 years. The castle was built at the same time as the forest and lakes on about 200 hectares. Today, the court pavilions are rented for banquets and receptions of distinguished guests from Germany and abroad. The castle is open daily for visitors and ordinary citizens. The Old Pinakothek signifies a collection of old paintings housed in a gallery. It was built by order of Ludwig the First King of Bavaria. It is an impressive work with a length of 137 meters. During World War II, the Museum and some of the paintings were destroyed. The exhibition is one of the most important painting collections in the world. Visitors are allowed to use the camera in the Museum but without the flash. Thus, each visitor can photograph reproductions of paintings by some of the greatest painters in history (Rubens, Van Dijk, Leonardo da Vinci, Broygel, Rembrandt, etc.). In front of the Museum is a lawn that is an ideal location for rest and relaxation after visiting the Museum. In Munich you can visit the “Deutsches Muzeum”. It has over 30,000 exhibits from 50 fields of science and technology. The Deutsches Muzeum is the world’s largest museum of its kind. It was opened in 1903 on an island on the Isar River. With the expansion of the museum, 2 more objects of traffic technology (railways and cars) and an exhibition of airplanes were opened. The visitor needs more than a whole day to visit all the facilities and technical exhibits. Munich is also home to the 4-square-kilometer English Garden through which the Isar River flows. The English Garden has beautiful meadows and woods and is larger than Central Park in New York. There are restaurants and pubs that offer, among other things, the traditional Bavarian (Munich) dish of white sausage with cabbage. The city center is only a few kilometers away from the English Garden. There are several streets in Munich with 5 columns in one direction, but traffic jams are present during the working day. The traffic jams in this city would be even greater if many citizens did not use their bicycles. The bicycle is an ideal means of transportation here for going to work, shopping or recreation. The city center can be visited with a rented bicycle with a driver for 2 people. Those who sit enjoy this means of transport although the person who turns the pedals enjoys it less. The city center is in any case spared from exhaust fumes from cars. The city also has the BMW Museum and the Merzedes three-storey department store with a complete production program and oldtimers. Munich has always been and today is a cosmopolitan city where people of all faiths, religions and affiliations live and work harmoniously and well. The great atmosphere has influenced many people to seek and obtain German citizenship. Much has changed in recent years due to the uncontrolled influx of migrants / asylum seekers and the fear of terrorist attacks. Nevertheless, Munich is still a great destination for living, business or tourist visits and a synonym for a better life.