Healthy people should be checked once a year
The main advice of a doctor for the prevention of stroke: healthy people should be checked once a year. Women are more affected by stroke, while in men this disease is the second leading cause of death. These are good reasons for more frequent systematic examinations of both sexes, because this is the only way to detect the risks of stroke. Doctors say that people who are already at risk of having a stroke should undergo a systematic medical examination at least once every 6 months. Systematic examination is performed by a selected doctor. Basic blood tests usually indicate the need for further examinations (neurologist and cardiologist). If there is a suspicion (due to diabetes, hypertension or other reason) that there are disorders on the large blood vessels of the neck, then the patient must do an ultrasound of those blood vessels. The patient may not feel it but examinations show that the main carotid artery has been blocked for a long time. Narrowing and irregularities of blood vessels can be monitored and corrected in time to prevent stroke, doctors warn.
More than 2/3 of patients are people over 65 years of age. However, younger people should also check their health regardless of their age. The biggest risk factor is atherosclerosis (a disease of blood vessels that progresses with age, narrows the blood vessels in which it creates irregularities). The progress of atherosclerosis can be slowed down — that’s good news. Detecting risk and keeping risk under control reduces the chance of having a stroke, doctors say. If some of the risk factors join the critical age, then these people are in the risk group and must not ignore the signals they receive from the body. Hypertension is a significant factor in stroke. The striking fact is that some patients have more than one risk factor. These are usually smoking and obesity or hypertension and smoking or diabetes and poor physical activity. It is almost never just one risk factor. Each of these factors can be kept under control and delay the onset of stroke.
Prevention does not provide complete protection, but regular use of therapy and changes in bad life habits (smoking or reduced physical activity) can significantly reduce the risk of this disease. The data say that the blockage of blood vessels is 85% of strokes, while 15% is caused by bleeding in the blood. Both causes are caused by high blood pressure, which means that both causes can be avoided.
Transient strokes-warning symptoms are actually transient strokes that should not be ignored. They also manifest as a definite stroke only because they pass after half an hour or an hour, if the patient has difficulty speaking, has a crooked mouth, has difficulty walking, has vision loss, the patient should be taken to hospital immediately because it is a matter of time before the patient has a definite stroke.
The most important thing is to bring the patient to the hospital to get the necessary help if a stroke does occur. In developed countries, these patients reach the doctor in 80 minutes, while in developing and underdeveloped countries, these patients reach the hospital sometimes and after a day or two, which can be disastrous.